[PATCH] phy: work around 'phys' references to usb-nop-xceiv devices

Arnd Bergmann arnd at arndb.de
Fri Jan 12 02:12:05 PST 2018

Stefan Wahren reports a problem with a warning fix that was merged
for v4.15: we had lots of device nodes with a 'phys' property pointing
to a device node that is not compliant with the binding documented in

This generally works because USB HCD drivers that support both the generic
phy subsystem and the older usb-phy subsystem ignore most errors from
phy_get() and related calls and then use the usb-phy driver instead.

However, it turns out that making the usb-nop-xceiv device compatible with
the generic-phy binding changes the phy_get() return code from -EINVAL to
-EPROBE_DEFER, and the dwc2 usb controller driver for bcm2835 now returns
-EPROBE_DEFER from its probe function rather than ignoring the failure,
breaking all USB support on raspberry-pi when CONFIG_GENERIC_PHY is
enabled. The same code is used in the dwc3 driver and the usb_add_hcd()
function, so a reasonable assumption would be that many other platforms
are affected as well.

I have reviewed all the related patches and concluded that "usb-nop-xceiv"
is the only USB phy that is affected by the change, and since it is by far
the most commonly referenced phy, all the other USB phy drivers appear
to be used in ways that are are either safe in DT (they don't use the
'phys' property), or in the driver (they already ignore -EPROBE_DEFER
from generic-phy when usb-phy is available).

To work around the problem, this adds a special case to _of_phy_get()
so we ignore any PHY node that is compatible with "usb-nop-xceiv",
as we know that this can never load no matter how much we defer. In the
future, we might implement a generic-phy driver for "usb-nop-xceiv"
and then remove this workaround.

Since we generally want older kernels to also want to work with the
fixed devicetree files, it would be good to backport the patch into
stable kernels as well (3.13+ are possibly affected), even though they
don't contain any of the patches that may have caused regressions.

Fixes: 014d6da6cb25 ARM: dts: bcm283x: Fix DTC warnings about missing phy-cells
Fixes: c5bbf358b790 arm: dts: nspire: Add missing #phy-cells to usb-nop-xceiv
Fixes: 44e5dced2ef6 arm: dts: marvell: Add missing #phy-cells to usb-nop-xceiv
Fixes: f568f6f554b8 ARM: dts: omap: Add missing #phy-cells to usb-nop-xceiv
Fixes: d745d5f277bf ARM: dts: imx51-zii-rdu1: Add missing #phy-cells to usb-nop-xceiv
Fixes: 915fbe59cbf2 ARM: dts: imx: Add missing #phy-cells to usb-nop-xceiv
Link: https://marc.info/?l=linux-usb&m=151518314314753&w=2
Link: https://patchwork.kernel.org/patch/10158145/
Cc: stable at vger.kernel.org
Cc: Stefan Wahren <stefan.wahren at i2se.com>
Cc: Felipe Balbi <balbi at kernel.org>
Cc: Eric Anholt <eric at anholt.net>
Tested-by: Hans Verkuil <hans.verkuil at cisco.com>
Acked-by: Kishon Vijay Abraham I <kishon at ti.com>
Signed-off-by: Arnd Bergmann <arnd at arndb.de>
Hans tested the earlier version of this patch, I'd like one more
confirmation from Hans or Stefan (or anyone else) that this version
addresses the regression as well before this gets merged.

Greg, can you pick this up into usb-linus for v4.15 once the fix
has been confirmed, or should I merge it through arm-soc?
 drivers/phy/phy-core.c | 4 ++++
 1 file changed, 4 insertions(+)

diff --git a/drivers/phy/phy-core.c b/drivers/phy/phy-core.c
index b4964b067aec..8f6e8e28996d 100644
--- a/drivers/phy/phy-core.c
+++ b/drivers/phy/phy-core.c
@@ -410,6 +410,10 @@ static struct phy *_of_phy_get(struct device_node *np, int index)
 	if (ret)
 		return ERR_PTR(-ENODEV);
+	/* This phy type handled by the usb-phy subsystem for now */
+	if (of_device_is_compatible(args.np, "usb-nop-xceiv"))
+		return ERR_PTR(-ENODEV);
 	phy_provider = of_phy_provider_lookup(args.np);
 	if (IS_ERR(phy_provider) || !try_module_get(phy_provider->owner)) {

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