[PATCH 0/2] ARM: EXYNOS4: Enhancement of System MMU

KyongHo Cho pullip.cho at samsung.com
Mon Mar 14 05:54:06 EDT 2011

2011/3/8 Marek Szyprowski <m.szyprowski at samsung.com>:
> Hello,
> On Monday, March 07, 2011 2:19 AM KyongHo Cho wrote:
>> This patch includes the following enhancements for System MMU:
>> - Enhanced readability
>> - Removal of unused data structures or their members
>> - Simplified function definitions
>> - Corrections of some logical errors
>> - Full compliance with Linux coding style
>> - Simpler way of registering callback functions of System MMU faults
>> - Add clock gating for System MMU
> Thanks for updating the driver, I have however some comments.
> EXYNOS4 platform has total of 16 sysmmu blocks. Each of them is exactly the
> same - each has a register region, an interrupt and clock. However your driver
> uses a single platform device for all 16 units and a large resource array (see
> arch/arm/mach-exynos4). This approach also complicates the clock management
> (you need to create custom names for sysmmu clocks, this will cause a lot of
> problems in the future update to clkdev!). This also heavily complicates the
> driver (you need the arrays of all the resources all over the driver) and is
> against the Linux driver model. In the proper model one should create a
> platform driver for a single module and instantiate it many times for each hw
> module found in the system. For a reference please take a look at the sysmmu
> Andrzej has developed in parallel to You:
> http://www.mail-archive.com/linux-media@vger.kernel.org/msg28871.html
> For a reference please also check the Samsung Power Domains driver
> (arch/arm/mach-exynos4/dev-pd.c and arch/arm/plat-s5p/pd.c).
I've also noticed that it is not enough.
Thanks for your advice.

> The second problem I've noticed is the s5p_sysmmu_set_tablebase_pgd() call.
> In my opinion it simplifies the sysmmu api too much. This function assumes
> that the sysmmu client (i.e. a multimedia device driver or videobuf2-allocator
> or vcmm) has a knowledge about the pgd/pte descriptors format. As you know the
> format of pgd/pte descriptors is hardware dependent (it may even change in the
> future version of SoCs), so constructing the pgd and pte tables is a low-level
> operation that should be performed by sysmmu driver. Keeping this call in the
> current form results in a requirement that each sysmmu client MUST know the
> hardware details of the sysmmu module. In my opinion SysMMU client should only
> manage the virtual space and have the ability to add or remove a mapping for
> particular range of pages/memory on particular sysmmu chip.

The user of the system MMU must not know the details of system MMU
such as specifications of page table, details control registers and so
We need to consider some possibilities:
 - To reduce TLB miss rate, we need to support larger page size for system MMUs
 - To support multiple page sizes including 1MB, 64KB and 4KB, we need
a scatter-gather list of pages or contiguous physical chunks.
There may be another construct to manage page tables because it is
very complex task.
VCMM may be one of the construct.

Yet, I also agree with you about that the sysmmu driver must provide a
primary operation to deal with page tables
even though it is less efficient.

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