CONFIG_ARM_DMA_MEM_BUFFERABLE and readl/writel weirdness
Russell King - ARM Linux
linux at arm.linux.org.uk
Thu Mar 3 05:24:11 EST 2011
On Wed, Mar 02, 2011 at 11:49:47PM -0800, Saravana Kannan wrote:
>> I think you misunderstand what's going on. IO accesses are always ordered
>> with respect to themselves. The barriers are there to ensure ordering
>> between DMA coherent memory (normal non-cached memory) and IO accesses
> Unfortunately this is not correct. The ARM spec doesn't guarantee that
> all IO accesses should be ordered with respect to themselves. It only
> requires that the ordering should be guaranteed at least within a 1KB
> You can find this info in ARMv7 ARM spec named
> "DDI0406B_arm_architecture_reference_manual_errata_markup_8_0.pdf", on
> page A3-45. There is a para that goes:
> "Accesses must arrive at any particular memory-mapped peripheral or
> block of memory in program order, that is, A1 must arrive before A2.
> There are no ordering restrictions about when accesses arrive at
> different peripherals or blocks of memory, provided that the accesses
> follow the general ordering rules given in this section."
That is news to me. My DDI0406B does not have this paragraph, so it's
something that ARM has sprung upon us without telling *anyone* about it.
It's not unreasonable or even unexpected. That is exactly the same
condition which applies on buses like PCI due to write posting on bridges
downstream of the CPU, and issuing memory barriers will not help with
Consider two PCI devices each behind their own P2P bridge. Device A's
bridge is really lazy and takes time to empty its write post buffer.
Device B's bridge is really fast at getting writes. If you write to
device A then device B, they'll arrive at device B before device A.
Again, let me stress that memory barriers will not allow you to solve
The only way to solve this is to read back from the device, because reads
to device memory can not bypass writes to device memory, otherwise the
system is unpredictable. With PCI, it's recommended to read back from
the exact same address which you've written to _provided_ there's no
side effects from doing so. If there are, you have to find some other
solution to it.
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