Fwd: PATCH: Fix MMC boot in OMAP4 xload configurations

Mark Olleson mark.olleson at yamaha.co.uk
Fri Feb 24 11:18:20 EST 2012

> Sascha,
> On 24 Feb 2012, at 07:23, Sascha Hauer wrote:
>> Hi Mark,
>> On Thu, Feb 23, 2012 at 04:53:28PM +0000, Mark Olleson wrote:
>>> omap4_bootsrc() always returns OMAP_BOOTSRC_UNKNOWN when an OMAP4
>>> xload image is built with pcm049_xload_defconfig.  This is likely to
>>> be the case for all OMAP4 xload configurations.
>>> This means that when the CPU is configured to boot from MMC1 with
>>> boot[5:0],  xload will load the second stage boot loader from NAND
>>> flash (if present) rather than MMC1 as intended. 
>>> omap4_bootsrc() reads data left behind towards the top of the SRAM by
>>> the ROM-based boot-loader.  This is the same SRAM into which the xload
>>> image is loaded.   The xload image is of a sufficient size that it
>>> overwrites these locations, and OMAP4_TRACING_VECTOR3 always contains
>>> 0.
>>> These locations are in fact trampled by data in the BSS section of the
>>> image.   The single largest item in there is FILE files[MAX_FILES].
>>> This patch reduces the size of files[] considerably.  The image now
>>> JUST fits.
>> Sorry, this is not even a short term solution, it will probably break
>> very soon again.
> I totally agree - this fixed me in the very short term, but we're sailing so close 
> to the wind here that changes in the any (few) modules that are used in these 
> configurations will break it again. 
> My patch was really a heads-up that we have an issue. 

On further digging,  this gets even worse:  Barebox's initial stack is in the same area of SRAM as the ROM-loader's - overwriting the area where bss section of the image is getting loaded, containing various areas of static storage.  Here, these addresses were falling somewhere in the middles of:

static FILE files[MAX_FILES]

Thankfully, there isn't a great deal of function call depth before the stack is then set up in SDRAM, and tramples here don't matter too much.   

Anyway, be warned - some interesting failure modes lie ahead should some of the other bits of static data or even program code fall at this location!


Mark Olleson - Senior R&D Engineer
Technology Research & Development Group
Yamaha R&D Centre London

mark.olleson at yamaha.co.uk

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