[PATCH] PCI: Disallow retraining link for Atheros QCA98xx chips on non-Gen1 PCIe bridges

Toke Høiland-Jørgensen toke at redhat.com
Fri Mar 26 18:13:15 GMT 2021

Pali Rohár <pali at kernel.org> writes:

> Atheros QCA9880 and QCA9890 chips do not behave after a bus reset and also
> after retrain link when PCIe bridge is not in GEN1 mode at 2.5 GT/s speed.
> The device will throw a Link Down error and config space is not accessible
> again. Retrain link can be called only when using GEN1 PCIe bridge or when
> PCIe bridge has forced link speed to 2.5 GT/s via PCI_EXP_LNKCTL2 register.
> This issue was reproduced with more Compex WLE900VX cards (QCA9880 based)
> on Armada 385 with pci-mvebu.c driver and also on Armada 3720 with
> pci-aardvark.c driver. Also this issue was reproduced with some "noname"
> card with QCA9890 WiFi chip on Armada 3720. All problematic cards with
> these QCA chips have PCI device id 0x003c.
> Tests showed that other WiFi cards based on AR93xx (PCI device id 0x0030)
> and AR9287 (PCI device id 0x002e) chips do not have these problems.
> To workaround this issue, this change introduces a new PCI quirk called
> When this quirk is set then kernel disallows triggering PCI_EXP_LNKCTL_RL
> bit in config space of PCIe Bridge in case PCIe Bridge is capable of higher
> speed than 2.5 GT/s and higher speed is already allowed. When PCIe Bridge
> has accessible LNKCTL2 register then kernel tries to force target link
> speed via PCI_EXP_LNKCTL2_TLS* bits to 2.5 GT/s. After this change it is
> possible to trigger PCI_EXP_LNKCTL_RL bit without causing issues on
> problematic Atheros QCA98xx cards.
> Currently only PCIe ASPM kernel code triggers this PCI_EXP_LNKCTL_RL bit,
> so quirk check is added only into pcie/aspm.c file.
> Signed-off-by: Pali Rohár <pali at kernel.org>
> Reported-by: Toke Høiland-Jørgensen <toke at redhat.com>
> Tested-by: Marek Behún <kabel at kernel.org>
> Link: https://lore.kernel.org/linux-pci/87h7l8axqp.fsf@toke.dk/
> Cc: stable at vger.kernel.org # c80851f6ce63a ("PCI: Add
> PCI_EXP_LNKCTL2_TLS* macros")


Tested-by: Toke Høiland-Jørgensen <toke at redhat.com>

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