NAND device: all blocks bad after restart, how to recover?

Lars Michael lars.michael at
Wed Mar 9 11:39:27 EST 2011


I repost this issue, with correct subject and hope to have some
feedback. After working with getting UBI images mounted in Linux (it did
work for a sec!) the NAND device suddenly went totally bad after a system
restart! So all blocks are reported bad and the mtd is no longer visible
in Linux. Before it had just a few bad blocks. I am really worried about
what has happend and if this can occur on our custom board too.

The hardware is Freescale TWR-MCF5441X with 256MB NAND flash.
The kernel is 2.6.29 with 167 patches from the back port tree.

From kernel boot:

NAND device: Manufacturer ID: 0x2c, Chip ID: 0xca (Micron
NAND 256MiB 3,3V 16-bit)
Bad block table not found for chip 0
Bad block table not found for chip 0
Scanning device for bad blocks
Bad eraseblock 0 at 0x000000000000
Bad eraseblock 1 at 0x000000020000
Bad eraseblock 2 at 0x000000040000
Bad eraseblock 3 at 0x000000060000
Bad eraseblock 4 at 0x000000080000
Bad eraseblock 5 at 0x0000000a0000
Bad eraseblock 6 at 0x0000000c0000
Bad eraseblock 2046 at 0x00000ffc0000
Bad eraseblock 2047 at 0x00000ffe0000
No space left to write bad block table
fsl_nfc: NAND Flash not found !
m25p80 spi1.1: at26df081a (1024 Kbytes)
Creating 1 MTD partitions on "Atmel at26df081a SPI Flash
0x000000000000-0x000000100000 : "at26df081a"

I try to diagnose the flash from U-Boot. When I e.g. read from the
flash I get:

NAND read: device 0 offset 0x1, size 0xfffffff
Skipping bad block 0x00000000
Skipping bad block 0x00020000
Skipping bad block 0x00040000
Skipping bad block 0x0ffa0000
Skipping bad block 0x0ffc0000
Skipping bad block 0x0ffe0000
NAND read from offset 10000000 failed -22
0 bytes read: ERROR
-> nand 

Assuming this is a software issue, can the bbt somehow be corrupt,
reporting all blocks bad even if they are not?

Is the problem likely to be in the UBI layer or in the NAND driver
(I suspect the first) and how can I troubleshoot this?

I tried 'nand scrub' but still says no space to write bbt.

Thanks and regards,
- Lars


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