[PATCH] irqchip: gic: Add a cpu map for each GIC instance

Jon Hunter jonathanh at nvidia.com
Thu Jul 30 02:30:15 PDT 2015

On 30/07/15 10:04, Marc Zyngier wrote:
> On 30/07/15 09:33, Jon Hunter wrote:
>> On 30/07/15 09:20, Marc Zyngier wrote:
>>> On 29/07/15 20:27, Jon Hunter wrote:
>>>> On 29/07/15 19:33, Russell King - ARM Linux wrote:
>>>>> On Wed, Jul 29, 2015 at 03:43:04PM +0100, Jon Hunter wrote:
>>>>>> The gic_init_bases() function initialises an array that stores the mapping
>>>>>> between the GIC and CPUs. This array is a global array that is
>>>>>> unconditionally initialised on every call to gic_init_bases(). Although,
>>>>>> it is not common for there to be more than one GIC instance, there are
>>>>>> some devices that do support nested GIC controllers and gic_init_bases()
>>>>>> can be called more than once.
>>>>>> A 2nd call to gic_init_bases() will clear the previous CPU mapping and
>>>>>> will only setup the mapping again for CPU0. This is because for child GIC
>>>>>> controllers there is most likely only one recipient of the interrupt.
>>>>>> Fix this by moving the CPU mapping array to the GIC chip data structure
>>>>>> so that it is initialised for each GIC instance separately. It is assumed
>>>>>> that the bL switcher code is only interested in the root or primary GIC
>>>>>> instance.
>>>>> Does it make sense to expose the per-CPU-ness of the non-primary GIC?
>>>>> If they are chained off a primary GIC SPI interrupt, then all IRQs on
>>>>> the secondary GIC are routed to the same CPU that the SPI on the primary
>>>>> GIC is routed to.
>>>> I am looking at a use-case where there is a secondary GIC and the secondary
>>>> GIC is used as a interrupt router between the main CPU cluster and another
>>>> CPU. So in this case the mapping of a secondary is still of interest. This
>>>> patch does not address setting up the secondary mapping, but avoids a
>>>> secondary GIC overwriting the primary map (which we don't want).
>>>>> Other features like the PPIs and SGIs in the secondary CPU should also
>>>>> be ignored - they probably aren't used anyway.
>>>> Yes, agree.
>>>>> I have to say though... are the 1020 IRQs that the primary GIC provides
>>>>> really not enough?  What insane hardware needs more than 1020 IRQs?
>>>> Ha. I guess some realview boards for a start ...
>>>> # grep -r "gic_init(1" arch/arm/
>>>> arch/arm/mach-realview/realview_pb1176.c:	gic_init(1, IRQ_PB1176_GIC_START,
>>>> arch/arm/mach-realview/realview_eb.c:		gic_init(1, 96, __io_address(REALVIEW_EB_GIC_DIST_BASE),
>>>> arch/arm/mach-realview/realview_pb11mp.c:	gic_init(1, IRQ_PB11MP_GIC_START,
>>> Different use case. These are development boards with a relatively
>>> modular design, where the SoC may or may not have a GIC by itself. When
>>> it has one, you end up with the on-board GIC being a secondary one.
>> Yes, I understand that the use-case may be different, but I highlighted
>> this as a use where the primary map would be overwritten as the driver
>> is today.
>>> I never thought someone would quote these designs as an example to
>>> follow... ;-)
>> I can't say if this example was followed, but nevertheless hardware
>> designers certainly do get creative ;-)
>> So we need to ensure the primary cpu map does not get overwritten by a
>> secondary and I have a case where the secondary map is of interest. So
>> are ok with this?
> My point is that there is no secondary map. That map should only be
> written for the primary GIC, because that's the only place it makes
> sense. Your "other CPU" is not under the control of Linux (at least, not
> as a CPU), so this map is not the right data structure.

Yes the "other CPU" may not run Linux, but it is certainly under the
control of Linux as a slave CPU. Linux will decide whether it wants to
receive the interrupts from this GIC or route them to the other CPU.

Yes, I see that this may not be technically a cpu map and may be that is
a mis-use. Following that I assume that using set_affinity here would
also not be correct and a custom API should be employed?

If that is the case, then may be I should just fix up the irq-gic driver
to only set the cpu map for the primary?

Cheers Jon

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