[PATCH v4 03/10] Documentation: devicetree: Update Samsung FIMC DT binding

Sylwester Nawrocki sylvester.nawrocki at gmail.com
Sat Feb 22 17:02:26 EST 2014

On 02/21/2014 04:50 PM, Mark Rutland wrote:
> On Thu, Feb 20, 2014 at 07:40:30PM +0000, Sylwester Nawrocki wrote:
>> This patch documents following updates of the Exynos4 SoC camera subsystem
>> devicetree binding:
>>   - addition of #clock-cells property to 'camera' node - the #clock-cells
>>     property is needed when the sensor sub-devices use clock provided by
>>     the camera host interface;
>>   - addition of an optional clock-output-names property;
>>   - change of the clock-frequency at image sensor node from mandatory to
>>     an optional property - there should be no need to require this property
>>     by the camera host device binding, a default frequency value can ofen
>>     be used;
>>   - addition of a requirement of specific order of values in clocks/
>>     clock-names properties, so the first two entry in the clock-names
>>     property can be used as parent clock names for the camera master
>>     clock provider.  It happens all in-kernel dts files list the clock
>>     in such order, thus there should be no regression as far as in-kernel
>>     dts files are concerned.
> I'm not sure I follow the reasoning here. Why does this matter? Why can
> child nodes not get these by name if they have to?

These input clocks won't be used directly by child nodes. More details

>> Signed-off-by: Sylwester Nawrocki<s.nawrocki at samsung.com>
>> Acked-by: Kyungmin Park<kyungmin.park at samsung.com>
>> ---
>>   .../devicetree/bindings/media/samsung-fimc.txt     |   36 +++++++++++++++-----
>>   1 file changed, 28 insertions(+), 8 deletions(-)
>> diff --git a/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/media/samsung-fimc.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/media/samsung-fimc.txt
>> index 96312f6..1a5820d 100644
>> --- a/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/media/samsung-fimc.txt
>> +++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/media/samsung-fimc.txt
>> @@ -20,6 +20,7 @@ Required properties:
>>   		  the clock-names property;
>>   - clock-names	: must contain "sclk_cam0", "sclk_cam1", "pxl_async0",
>>   		  "pxl_async1" entries, matching entries in the clocks property.
>> +		  First two entries must be "sclk_cam0", "sclk_cam1".
> I don't think this is a good idea.
>>   The pinctrl bindings defined in ../pinctrl/pinctrl-bindings.txt must be used
>>   to define a required pinctrl state named "default" and optional pinctrl states:
>> @@ -32,6 +33,22 @@ way around.
>>   The 'camera' node must include at least one 'fimc' child node.
>> +Optional properties (*:
> Is that a smiley face?

Sorry, it was supposed to be a reference mark, will remove this.

>> +- #clock-cells: from the common clock bindings (../clock/clock-bindings.txt),
>> +  must be 1. A clock provider is associated with the 'camera' node and it should
>> +  be referenced by external sensors that use clocks provided by the SoC on
>> +  CAM_*_CLKOUT pins. The clock specifier cell stores an index of a clock.
>> +  The indices are 0, 1 for CAM_A_CLKOUT, CAM_B_CLKOUT clocks respectively.
>> +
>> +- clock-output-names: from the common clock bindings, should contain names of
>> +  clocks registered by the camera subsystem corresponding to CAM_A_CLKOUT,
>> +  CAM_B_CLKOUT output clocks, in this order. Parent clock of these clocks are
>> +  specified be first two entries of the clock-names property.
> Do you need this?

All right, that might have been a bad idea, it mixes names of clocks 
by the main clock controller with names of clock input lines at the device.
It's a mistake I have been usually sensitive to and now made it myself. :/

My intention was to maintain the clock tree, since the camera block doesn't
generate the clock itself, it merely passes through the clocks from the 
SoC main
clock controller (CMU). So clk parents need to be properly set and since 
is no clock-output-names property at the CMU DT node, 
cannot be used.

So presumably the DT binding would be only specifying that the sclk_cam0,
sclk_cam1 clock input entries are associated with output clocks named as
in clock-output-names property.

And the driver could either:
  1) hard code those (well defined) CMU clock (clk parent) names,
  2) clk_get() its input clock, retrieve name with __clk_get_name() and 
    it as parent name to clk_register() - it sounds a bit hacky though.

The output clock names could be also well defined by the binding per the 
compatible. Nevertheless using clock-output-names seems cleaner to me than
defining character strings in the driver.

What do you think ?

> That's not how clock-names is supposed to work. The clock-names property
> is for the names of the _input_ clock lines on the device, not the
> output names on whichever parent clock they came from.

Yes, I agree, that was a pretty bad abuse of the bindings.

> Any clock-names property description should define absolutely the set of
> names. As this does not, NAK.
>> +
>> +(* #clock-cells and clock-output-names are mandatory properties if external
>> +image sensor devices reference 'camera' device node as a clock provider.
> s/(*/Note:/

Thanks, will fix that.

>>   'fimc' device nodes
>>   -------------------
>> @@ -97,8 +114,8 @@ Image sensor nodes
>>   The sensor device nodes should be added to their control bus controller (e.g.
>>   I2C0) nodes and linked to a port node in the csis or the parallel-ports node,
>>   using the common video interfaces bindings, defined in video-interfaces.txt.
>> -The implementation of this bindings requires clock-frequency property to be
>> -present in the sensor device nodes.
>> +An optional clock-frequency property needs to be present in the sensor device
>> +nodes. Default value when this property is not present is 24 MHz.
> s/needs to/should/ ?

Sounds better, I'll change it.

> What is this the frequency of?

It's frequency of an external sensor's master clock, which is provided 
by the SoC.
Since the sensors have now possibility to control the clock themselves 
the host
interface (binding) doesn't have to care about that frequency. This is 
to be an assigned frequency, it has been discussed already on devicetree 
list a few months ago.


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