[PATCHv3 4/7] arm64: Move some head.text functions to executable section
mark.rutland at arm.com
Tue Aug 26 10:45:05 PDT 2014
On Tue, Aug 26, 2014 at 01:32:27AM +0100, Laura Abbott wrote:
> On 8/22/2014 2:48 AM, Mark Rutland wrote:
> > On Thu, Aug 21, 2014 at 10:42:13PM +0100, Laura Abbott wrote:
> >> On 8/21/2014 3:34 AM, Mark Rutland wrote:
> >>> Hi Laura,
> >>> On Thu, Aug 21, 2014 at 02:20:36AM +0100, Laura Abbott wrote:
> >>>> The code in the head.text section of the kernel exists in the
> >>>> same section as the swapper_pg_dir which means it needs the
> >>>> same page table permissions. The swapper_pg_dir needs to be
> >>>> writeable but shouldn't be executable.
> >>> I think we can drop the above. As far as I can tell as of commit
> >>> bd00cd5f8c8c (arm64: place initial page tables above the kernel) it's no
> >>> longer relevant.
> >> Yes, this should be changed. Instead of citing swapper_pg_dir, I need
> >> to cite the fact that there may still be memory outside of stext which
> >> will get freed to the buddy allocator and therefore should be RW/NX.
> > Ok. I must be missing something here; we don't seem to free any of
> > .head.text to the buddy allocator at the moment. Are we just trying to
> > have the bare minimum remain executable regardless?
> It's not head.text per se, but we do
> memblock_reserve(__pa(_text), _end - _text);
> to reserve the text area. On the system I was testing on, _text did not
> start at PAGE_OFFSET so there was still some not reserved memory
> between PAGE_OFFSET and _text which was freed to the buddy allocator.
Ah, I see. I'd forgotten about the TEXT_OFFSET area.
Thanks for the clarification.
> >>>> The head.text section
> >>>> is intended to be run at early bootup before any of the regular
> >>>> kernel mappings have been setup so there is no issue at bootup.
> >>>> The suspend/resume/hotplug code path requires some of these
> >>>> head.S functions to run however which means they need to be
> >>>> executable. We can't easily move all of the head.text to
> >>>> an executable section, so split it into two parts: that which
> >>>> is used only at early head.S bootup and that which is used
> >>>> after bootup. There is a small bit of code duplication because
> >>>> of some relocation issues related to accessing code more than
> >>>> 1MB away.
> >>> From a cursory glance it looks like the only things we need write access
> >>> to in .head.text are __cpu_boot_mode and __switch_data. Can't we instead
> >>> place those in .data and make .head.text executable?
> >>> We currently find them with adr, which should be easy to replace with
> >>> adrp + add to get around relocation issues.
> >> __boot_cpu_mode should be placed in data with a push section and
> >> __switch_data is only modified before the permissions are set up.
> > Ok, so those are fine then.
> >> I took a closer look at the code and the only thing that actually
> >> needs to be executable from head.S is __secondary_switched so
> >> the following patch should be sufficient to cover it:
> >> diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/head.S b/arch/arm64/kernel/head.S
> >> index caa9557..5c17599 100644
> >> --- a/arch/arm64/kernel/head.S
> >> +++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/head.S
> >> @@ -414,12 +414,14 @@ ENTRY(secondary_startup)
> >> b __enable_mmu
> >> ENDPROC(secondary_startup)
> >> + .pushsection .text, "ax"
> >> ENTRY(__secondary_switched)
> >> ldr x0, [x21] // get secondary_data.stack
> >> mov sp, x0
> >> mov x29, #0
> >> b secondary_start_kernel
> >> ENDPROC(__secondary_switched)
> >> + .popsection
> >> #endif /* CONFIG_SMP */
> > If we need to cover __secondary_switched, don't we need to cover
> > __turn_mmu_on as well, given that will turn the MMU on and branch to
> > __secondary_switched?
> You should be right but when I was testing this I seemed to get away
> without needing it. It's probably just luck and I should move
> __turn_mmu_on to text just to be on the safe side as well.
Interesting. I guess the I-cache was on already, then?
Moving __turn_mmu_on to the text section sounds like the right thing to
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