[PATCH v6 0/6] ARM: vdso gettimeofday using generic timer architecture

Nathan Lynch nathan_lynch at mentor.com
Tue Apr 22 17:48:51 PDT 2014

Provide fast userspace implementations of gettimeofday and
clock_gettime on systems that implement the generic timers extension
defined in ARMv7.  This follows the example of arm64 in conception but
significantly differs in some aspects of the implementation (C vs
assembly, mainly).

Clocks supported:

This also provides clock_getres (as arm64 does).

Note that while the high-precision realtime and monotonic clock
support depends on the generic timers extension, support for
clock_getres and coarse clocks is independent of the timer
implementation and is provided unconditionally.

Run-time tested on OMAP5 and i.MX6, verifying that results obtained
with the vdso are consistent with those obtained from the kernel.  On
OMAP5 I observe a 3- to 4-fold speedup for gettimeofday /
CLOCK_REALTIME, with even better (if less interesting) speedups for
the coarse clock ids and clock_getres.

As a preliminary step, the placement of the sigpage is changed to be
at a randomized offset above the stack.  The vdso is placed
immediately above the sigpage.

Changes since v5:
- Update to 3.15-rc1.
- Place vdso at a randomized offset above the stack along with the
- Properly export asm/auxvec.h.
- Split patch into series for ease of review.

Changes since v4:
- Map data page at the beginning of the VMA to prevent orphan
  sections at the end of output invalidating the calculated offset.
- Move checkundef into cmd_vdsold to avoid spurious rebuilds.
- Change vdso_init message to pr_debug.
- Add -fno-stack-protector to cflags.

Changes since v3:
- Update to 3.14-rc6.
- Record vdso base in mm context before installing mapping (for the
  sake of perf_mmap_event).
- Use a more seqcount-like API for critical sections.  Using seqcount
  API directly, however, would leak kernel pointers to userspace when
  lockdep is enabled.
- Trap instead of looping forever in division-by-zero stubs.

Changes since v2:
- Update to 3.14-rc4.
- Make vDSO configurable, depending on AEABI and MMU.
- Defer shifting of nanosecond component of timespec: fixes observed
  1ns inconsistencies for CLOCK_REALTIME, CLOCK_MONOTONIC (see
  45a7905fc48f for arm64 equivalent).
- Force reload of seq_count when spinning: without a memory clobber
  after the load of vdata->seq_count, GCC can generate code like this:
    2f8:   e59c9020        ldr     r9, [ip, #32]
    2fc:   e3190001        tst     r9, #1
    300:   1a000033        bne     3d4 <do_realtime+0x104>
    304:   f57ff05b        dmb     ish
    308:   e59c3034        ldr     r3, [ip, #52]   ; 0x34
    3d4:   eafffffe        b       3d4 <do_realtime+0x104>
- Build vdso.so with -lgcc: calls to __lshrdi3, __divsi3 sometimes
  emitted (especially with -Os).  Override certain libgcc functions to
  prevent undefined symbols.
- Do not clear PG_reserved on vdso pages.
- Remove unnecessary get_page calls.
- Simplify ELF signature check during init.
- Use volatile for asm syscall fallbacks.
- Check whether vdso_pagelist is initialized in arm_install_vdso.
- Record clocksource mask in data page.
- Reduce code duplication in do_realtime, do_monotonic.
- Reduce calculations performed in critical sections.
- Simplify coarse clock handling.
- Move datapage load to its own assembly routine.
- Tune vdso_data layout and tweak field names.
- Check vdso shared object for undefined symbols during build.

Changes since v1:
- update to 3.14-rc1
- ensure cache coherency for data page
- Document the kernel-to-userspace protocol for vdso data page updates,
  and note that the timekeeping core prevents concurrent updates.
- update wall-to-monotonic fields unconditionally
- move vdso_start, vdso_end declarations to vdso.h
- correctly build and run when CONFIG_ARM_ARCH_TIMER=n
- rearrange linker script to avoid overlapping sections when CONFIG_DEBUGINFO=n
- remove use_syscall checks from coarse clock paths
- crib BUG_INSTR (0xe7f001f2) from asm/bug.h for text fill

Nathan Lynch (6):
  ARM: place sigpage at a random offset above stack
  ARM: allow user access to arch timer virtual counter
  ARM: miscellaneous vdso infrastructure, preparation
  ARM: add vdso user-space code
  ARM: vdso initialization, mapping, and synchronization
  ARM: add CONFIG_VDSO Kconfig and Makefile bits

 arch/arm/include/asm/Kbuild          |   1 -
 arch/arm/include/asm/arch_timer.h    |   7 +-
 arch/arm/include/asm/elf.h           |  11 ++
 arch/arm/include/asm/mmu.h           |   3 +
 arch/arm/include/asm/vdso.h          |  47 +++++
 arch/arm/include/asm/vdso_datapage.h |  60 +++++++
 arch/arm/include/uapi/asm/Kbuild     |   1 +
 arch/arm/include/uapi/asm/auxvec.h   |   7 +
 arch/arm/kernel/Makefile             |   1 +
 arch/arm/kernel/asm-offsets.c        |   5 +
 arch/arm/kernel/process.c            |  56 +++++-
 arch/arm/kernel/vdso.c               | 168 +++++++++++++++++
 arch/arm/kernel/vdso/.gitignore      |   1 +
 arch/arm/kernel/vdso/Makefile        |  50 ++++++
 arch/arm/kernel/vdso/checkundef.sh   |   9 +
 arch/arm/kernel/vdso/datapage.S      |  15 ++
 arch/arm/kernel/vdso/vdso.S          |  35 ++++
 arch/arm/kernel/vdso/vdso.lds.S      |  88 +++++++++
 arch/arm/kernel/vdso/vgettimeofday.c | 338 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 arch/arm/mm/Kconfig                  |  15 ++
 20 files changed, 911 insertions(+), 7 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 arch/arm/include/asm/vdso.h
 create mode 100644 arch/arm/include/asm/vdso_datapage.h
 create mode 100644 arch/arm/include/uapi/asm/auxvec.h
 create mode 100644 arch/arm/kernel/vdso.c
 create mode 100644 arch/arm/kernel/vdso/.gitignore
 create mode 100644 arch/arm/kernel/vdso/Makefile
 create mode 100755 arch/arm/kernel/vdso/checkundef.sh
 create mode 100644 arch/arm/kernel/vdso/datapage.S
 create mode 100644 arch/arm/kernel/vdso/vdso.S
 create mode 100644 arch/arm/kernel/vdso/vdso.lds.S
 create mode 100644 arch/arm/kernel/vdso/vgettimeofday.c


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