[PATCH V4 1/4] DRIVERS: IRQCHIP: IRQ-GIC: Add support for routable irqs

Sricharan R r.sricharan at ti.com
Thu Nov 14 11:46:36 EST 2013

Hi Mark,

On Thursday 14 November 2013 07:31 PM, Mark Rutland wrote:
> On Thu, Nov 14, 2013 at 12:18:47PM +0000, Sricharan R wrote:
>> In some socs the gic can be preceded by a crossbar IP which
>> routes the peripheral interrupts to the gic inputs. The peripheral
>> interrupts are associated with a fixed crossbar input line and the
>> crossbar routes that to one of the free gic input line.
>> The DT entries for peripherals provides the fixed crossbar input line
>> as its interrupt number and the mapping code should associate this with
>> a free gic input line. This patch adds the support inside the gic irqchip
>> to handle such routable irqs. The routable irqs are registered in a linear
>> domain. The registered routable domain's callback should be implemented
>> to get a free irq and to configure the IP to route it.
>> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx at linutronix.de>
>> Cc: Linus Walleij <linus.walleij at linaro.org>
>> Cc: Santosh Shilimkar <santosh.shilimkar at ti.com>
>> Cc: Russell King <linux at arm.linux.org.uk>
>> Cc: Tony Lindgren <tony at atomide.com>
>> Cc: Rajendra Nayak <rnayak at ti.com>
>> Cc: Marc Zyngier <marc.zyngier at arm.com>
>> Cc: Grant Likely <grant.likely at linaro.org>
>> Cc: Rob Herring <rob.herring at calxeda.com>
>> Signed-off-by: Sricharan R <r.sricharan at ti.com>
>> Acked-by: Santosh Shilimkar <santosh.shilimkar at ti.com>
>> ---
>>  [V2] Added default routable-irqs functions to avoid
>>       unnecessary if checks as per Thomas Gleixner comments
>>       and renamed routable-irq binding as per
>>       Kumar Gala <galak at codeaurora.org> comments.
>>  [V3] Addressed unnecessary warn-on and updated default
>>       xlate function as per Thomas Gleixner comments
>>  Documentation/devicetree/bindings/arm/gic.txt |    6 ++
>>  drivers/irqchip/irq-gic.c                     |   81 ++++++++++++++++++++++---
>>  include/linux/irqchip/arm-gic.h               |    7 ++-
>>  3 files changed, 83 insertions(+), 11 deletions(-)
>> diff --git a/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/arm/gic.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/arm/gic.txt
>> index 3dfb0c0..5357745 100644
>> --- a/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/arm/gic.txt
>> +++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/arm/gic.txt
>> @@ -49,6 +49,11 @@ Optional
>>    regions, used when the GIC doesn't have banked registers. The offset is
>>    cpu-offset * cpu-nr.
>> +- arm,routable-irqs : Total number of gic irq inputs which are not directly
>> +		  connected from the peripherals, but are routed dynamically
>> +		  by a crossbar/multiplexer preceding the GIC. The GIC irq
>> +		  input line is assigned dynamically when the corresponding
>> +		  peripheral's crossbar line is mapped.
> I'm not keen on the design of the arm,routable-irqs property. The set of
> IRQs which the crossbar IP can use is a property of which IRQ lines it
> has routed to the GIC. I don't see why that should be considered a
> property of the GIC; it's a property of the crossbar IP's attachment to
> the GIC.
> Given we already have a mechanism for describing the attachment (i.e.
> the interrupts property) where the property appears on the node for the
> device generating/propagating the interrupt, I don't see why we should
> do differently here.
 We did try using interrupts=<> property for all peripherals and
 mapping them as crossbar's parent. But that approach of representing
 crossbar as a interrupt parent was not accepted, since the crossbar
 was just routing the interrupts from peripherals to GIC and nothing more.
 Also  mapping all the interrupts using interrupt-map like property by a fixed way
 in DTS itself was considered hacky
> Listing 160 interrupts in the crossbar node is clearly something we
> don't want to have to do.  If we had a property that we could use to
> define a range (or multiple ranges) of interrupts, then the crossbar
> driver could go and request those ranges from its interrupt-parent (the
> GIC) and the GIC driver could reserve/allocate the irqdomain at that
> time.
Again, this kind of approach of crossbar requesting irqs from GIC
was tried earlier and it did not go anywhere. Subsequently after lot of
discussions this design was considered the best one.

> This feels like a point-hack, counter in style to the vast majority of
> provider/consumer bindings. It only allows for one multiplexer before
> the GIC. What if we had multiple multiplexers feeding into the GIC?
> Describing the attachment on the multiplexer allows that to be handled,
> describing that on the GIC does not.
 This is case where the interrupts to GIC is not coming from full irqchip,
 but just a router and support added in the GIC helps to handle
 such cases. In the case of more than one multiplexer, the crossbar
 driver should really take care of handling the downward muxes and
 crossbar like driver can be expanded to handle if such a scenario happens.
> Describing the attachement on the multiplexer would also prevent the
> duplication of information (i.e. the max-irqs property in the crossbar
> binding).
> Thanks,
> Mark.
Here max-irqs is the total number of output lines of the crossbar itself and
its property.


More information about the linux-arm-kernel mailing list