[PATCHv2] Input: omap4-keypad: Add pinctrl support
dmitry.torokhov at gmail.com
Wed Oct 24 13:34:32 EDT 2012
On Wednesday, October 24, 2012 07:52:16 PM Felipe Balbi wrote:
> On Wed, Oct 24, 2012 at 09:14:29AM -0700, Dmitry Torokhov wrote:
> > > > No, I guess we ihave different understanding of what "directly use"
> > > > means.
> > > > This particular driver does directly use interrupts: it requests it
> > > > and
> > > > performs some actions when interrupt arrives. Same goes for IO memory
> > > > -
> > > > it gets requested, then we access it. With pinctrl we do not do
> > > > anything
> > > > - we just ask another layer to configure it and that is it.
> > >
> > > this is true for almost anything we do:
> > >
> > > - we ask another layer to allocate memory for us
> > > - we ask another layer to call our ISR once the IRQ line is asserted
> > > - we ask another layer to handle the input events we just received
> > > - we ask another layer to transfer data through DMA for us
> > > - we ask another layer to turn regulators on and off.
> > But we are _directly_ _using_ all of these. You allocate memory and you
> > (the driver) stuff data into that memory. You ask for DMA and you take
> > the DMAed data and work with it. Not so with pinctrl in omap keypad and
> > other drivers I have seen so far.
> of course we are. If we don't mux the pins to their correct setting, we
> can't realy use the HW. So while you don't see any SW control of the
> requested pins, we're still making use of them.
So we make use of CPU too, and the main power supply, and memory chips.
> > > and so on. This is just how abstractions work, we group common parts in
> > > a framework so that users don't need to know the details, but still need
> > > to tell the framework when to fiddle with those resources.
> > >
> > > > I have seen just in a few days 3 or 4 drivers having exactly the same
> > > > change - call to devm_pinctrl_get_select_default(), and I guess I will
> > > > receive the same patches for the rest of input drivers shortly.
> > > > This suggests that the operation is done at the wrong level. Do the
> > > > pin configuration as you parse DT data, the same way you set up i2c
> > > > devices registers in of_i2c.c, and leave the individual drivers that
> > > > do
> > > > not care about specifics alone.
> > >
> > > Makes no sense to hide that from drivers. The idea here is that driver
> > > should know when it needs its pins to muxed correctly.
> > The driver also needs memory controller to be initialized, gpio chip be
> > ready and registered, DMA subsystem ready, input core reade, etc, etc,
> > etc. You however do not have every driver explicitly initialize any of
> > that; you expect certain working environment to be already operable. The
> > driver does manage resources it controls, it has ultimate knowledge
> > about, pin configuration is normally is not it. We just need to know
> > that we wired/muxed properly, otherwise we won't work. So please let
> > parent layers deal with it.
> > > 95% of the time
> > > it will be done during probe() but then again, so what ?
> > >
> > > doing that when parsing DT, or on bus notifiers is just plain wrong.
> > > Drivers should be required to handle all of their resources.
> > All of _their_ resources, exactly. They do not own nor control pins so
> > they should not be bothered with them either. Look, when you see that
> except that they *own* the pins. Now that the muxer has been setup
> properly, this particular IP owns the pins.
> > potentially _every_ driver in the system needs to set up the same object
> > that it doe snot use otherwise you should realize that individual driver
> > is not the proper place to do that.
> fair enough, but IMHO, we're not there yet. We can't make that claim
> yet. Besides, we don't know what's the default pin state in a system. It
> might be that certain pins start out in a way which consumes less power
> due to the internal construction of the SoC. If we set pins up before
> driver probes, and probe fails or the driver is never really used, then
> we could be falling into a situation where we're wasting power.
So what about moving this into bus code - have bus's probe() request
default pin config before probe, revert to original setup when unbinding
or probe fails. You can even plug PM switching into bus code as well.
> Granted, you can undo everything you did before,
Right, the same way as we undo every other initialization when something
> but I guess keeping
> track of everything we setup before probe() just to remove a couple of
> lines from drivers is wrong.
If it was just about a couple lines in a couple of drivers that would
be fine. But the way I see it eventually every driver will need to do
> > > > > That's why it is named "get_select_default" and not "get" only.
> > > > > This API ensure that the pin will be set to the default state, and
> > > > > this
> > > > > is all we need to do during the probe.
> > > >
> > > > Why during the probe and not by default? Realistically, the driver
> > > > will
> > > > be loaded as long as there is a matching device and pins will need to
> > > > be
> > > > configured.
> > >
> > > likewise memory will be allocated when matching happens, IRQs will be
> > > allocated, regulators will be turned on. So why don't we do all that by
> > > default ? Because it is wrong.
> > No, because we do not know how. The generic layer does not know the ISR
> > to install, how much memory to allocate, etc. Having regulator turned on
> > before getting to probe might not be a bad idea.
> what if your driver never probes ? Will you really leave regulators on
> consuming extra, valuable power ?
If we do it right in probe() we won't consume unless the dirver is bound.
> > > > > There is no point to change the mux if the driver is not probed,
> > > > > because
> > > > > potentially the pin can be use be another driver.
> > > >
> > > > What other driver would use it? Who would chose what driver to load?
> > >
> > > Well, you _do_ know that on a SoC we have a limited amount of pins
> > > right ?
> > >
> > > Considering the amont of features which are packed inside a single die,
> > > it's not farfetched to assume we will have a lot less pins then we
> > > actually need, so we need muxers behind each pin in order to choose
> > > which functionality we want.
> > >
> > > If it happens that keypad's pins are shared with another IP (e.g. GPIO),
> > > we need to give the final user (a OEM/ODM) the choice of using those
> > > pins as either keypad or GPIOs, thus the need for pinctrl framework and
> > > the calls in the drivers.
> > Right, so please walk me through, step by step, how an OEM/ODM woudl
> > select a particular configuration. Do you expect it to happen at
> > runtime, or do you expect relevant data be put in DT?
> It depends, I've seen both happening, really. Also note that DT
> migration is still not complete, meaning that most (all ?) OEM/ODMs are
> still using the legacy board-file-based approach and it will still take
> them a few years to move to DT-based boot.
> Another point to consider is community boards such as beaglebone which
> have tens of different "capes" to support. Depending on the cape, pins
> might have to be remuxed, so instead of adding all that code to platform
> support, just leave it all in drivers. Depending on the "cape" different
> drivers will probe() and those drivers should know how to mux pins for
> Note that these are only the two easy examples that came to my mind, I'm
> sure we can discuss this for a long, but is it valid ? For a single line
> of code ?
Multiply by hundred of drivers - yes.
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