[PATCH 1/1] Fix segfault in DTC

Stephen Warren swarren at wwwdotorg.org
Wed Oct 3 17:33:30 EDT 2012

On 10/01/2012 06:08 PM, David Gibson wrote:
> On Mon, Oct 01, 2012 at 10:41:09AM -0600, Stephen Warren wrote:
>> On 10/01/2012 12:46 AM, David Gibson wrote:
>>> On Sun, Sep 30, 2012 at 11:34:50PM -0600, Stephen Warren wrote:
>>>> On 09/29/2012 05:53 PM, David Gibson wrote:
>>>>> On Fri, Sep 28, 2012 at 01:05:33PM -0600, Stephen Warren wrote:
>>>>>> On 09/28/2012 12:53 PM, Jon Loeliger wrote:
>>>>>>>>> Yeah, seems like the kernel DTC is quite old.
>>>>>>>> FYI, I'm working on a patch to the kernel to bring in the latest dtc.
>>>>>>> Awesome.  Thank you.
>>>>>>>> I've run a regression test vs. the old dtc in the kernel ...
>>>>>>> Which is the icky step.  Again, thank you.
>>>>>>>> ... and found that
>>>>>>>> some of the PowerPC .dts files don't compile with the new dtc (but did
>>>>>>>> with the old), all due to non-existent labels/paths being referenced.
>>>>>>>> I'll try and track down whether this is a regression in dtc, or simply
>>>>>>>> buggy .dts files that weren't noticed before.
>>>>>>> I think you should just smack the PowerPC guys. :-)
>>>>>> For the record in this thread, it was a regression I introduced into dtc
>>>>>> - the patch I just sent was for this.
>>>>> I would be nice to add a testcase for this regression into dtc.
>>>> The issue here was caused by uninitialized memory, so it would, I think,
>>>> be basically impossible to create a test-case that would be guaranteed
>>>> to fail because of this; it'd depend on the internal details of the
>>>> malloc library and how/when it re-used previously free()d memory blocks.
>>> It doesn't have to be guaranteed to fail to be useful.  Plus, we
>>> already have the infrastructure to run the tests under valgrind, which
>>> would catch it.
>> I certainly disagree here; the absolute worst kind of test is one which
>> gives different results each time it's run, or statically gives
>> different results to different people. People will either ignore the
>> test because it's flaky, or it'll end up blaming the wrong person due to
>> some entirely unrelated and correct change just happening to tickle the
>> test.
> I'd agree 100% if the test could give false failures.  But in this
> case it can only give false passes.

That is true. I still dislike flaky tests irrespective of
false-{negative,positive} though.

> If the test fails there is a bug
> *somewhere*, even if it's not actually in whatever changed last.  The
> test framework actually has a "PASS (inconclusive)" result for exactly
> this sort of case.
>> If we were to force any such new test to always run under valgrind, then
>> hopefully the test would always fail (assuming the test harness triggers
>> failure if valgrind finds problems).
> Aside: it's supposed to;  if it doesn't, that's a bug.  You can try it
> easily enough with "make checkm".

Ah, I didn't know about that make target (or even "make check"; I'd
always run run_tests.sh manually).

Incidentally, before commit 317a5d9 "dtc: zero out new label objects"
the following two tests fail under make checkm:

dtc -I dts -O dtb -o multilabel.test.dtb multilabel.dts:        FAIL
Returned error code 126

dtc -I dts -O dtb -o multilabel_merge.test.dtb multilabel_merge.dts:
FAIL Returned error code 126

However, they pass at/after that commit.

Equally, those failures were introduced with commit 45013d8 "dtc: Add
ability to delete nodes and properties", which is exactly what I'd
expect given the fix was a fix for that commit.

So, it seems like we already have tests that catch this problem. Do we
need to do anything given that?

I am slightly surprised that the problem didn't cause all tests to fail
make checkm though (I'd expect any usage of a label to trigger the
problem); I'll have to think about why some more...

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