pm runtime and system suspend resume

chao xie xiechao.linux at
Wed Jun 20 21:31:47 EDT 2012

2012/6/20 Alan Stern <stern at>:
> On Wed, 20 Jun 2012, chao xie wrote:
>> >> It seems work well, but i have question about the suspend/resume of
>> >> device. When the whole system will go to deep idle, and it will
>> >> suspend the devices. for the function do device suspend
>> >> __device_suspend,
>> >
>> > What source file is that function in?
>> >
>> The function is located at drivers/base/power/main.c
>> >>  it will call pm_runtime_get_noresume(dev). As i
>> >> think it will make the device not do runtime suspend any more. Is that
>> >> correct?
>> >
>> > It sounds wrong.  Why would a suspend routine do that?
>> >
>> I do knot know, but the code is there.
> Okay, now I understand your question.  The problem is that system
> suspend uses a separate mechanism from runtime suspend, and we don't
> want the two things to happen at the same time.  Therefore
> __device_suspend does a get_noresume in order to prevent runtime
> suspend from occurring in the middle of a system suspend.
>> >> There is the question, how device driver handle the logic surrounds
>> >> it? I want to add pm_runtime_put_sync in dev->driver->pm->suspend
>> >> function, and pm_runtime_get_sync in dev->driver->pm->resume.
>> >
>> > You must not do that.  If you do, your driver will hang.
>> >
>> why it will hang?
> Sorry, I misunderstood your question.  It will not hang.  But why do
> you want to add those calls?
>> >> Because
>> >> __device_suspend increase the usage_count, pm_runtime_put_sync will
>> >> not do real work.
>> >> So is that right that i directly call pm_runtime_suspend in
>> >> dev->driver->pm->suspend and pm_runtime_resume in
>> >> dev->driver->pm->resume?
> No, don't call pm_runtime_suspend.  Just call your driver's
> runtime_suspend routine directly.  Same for resume.
>> Finally the real question is who will deal with the dev->pm_domain?
>> when system go to sleep.
> The __device_suspend routine in drivers/base/main.c uses
> dev->pm_domain.

I check the code, __device_suspend will invoke dev->pm_domain->ops
first if dev->pm_domain is not NULL.
Taking "suspend" as esample, i can do the following things in the
1. invoke dev->driver->pm->suspend for suspending the device
2. do what we do in dev->pm_domain->ops->runtime_suspend for
suspending the surrounded logic, for example, shutdown the phy or
So is above implementation fine?

>> The driver will use pm_runtime_get/put to deal with dev->pm_domain
>> when it want to work or is in idle. Then when system go to sleep, the
>> driver need care about dev->pm_domain too.
>> Usally, dev->pm_domain is a easy way to handle the difference SOCs
>> with same device IP. For example, USB. Many vendor may have same usb
>> IP but difference phy and clock configuration. putting these stuff
>> into dev->pm_domain can make driver be shared by different SOCs.
> Alan Stern

More information about the linux-arm-kernel mailing list