[PATCH 00/10] mm: Linux VM Infrastructure to support Memory Power Management

Ankita Garg ankita at in.ibm.com
Wed Jun 29 13:42:20 EDT 2011


On Wed, Jun 29, 2011 at 10:06:24AM -0700, Dave Hansen wrote:
> I was kinda hoping for something a bit simpler than that.  I'd boil down
> what you were saying to this:
>      1. The kernel must be aware of how the pieces of hardware are
>         mapped in to the system's physical address space
>      2. The kernel must have a mechanism in place to minimize access to
>         specific pieces of hardware 
>      3. For destructive power-down operations, the kernel should have a
>         mechanism in place to ensure that no valuable data is contained
>         in the memory to be powered down.

	4. The kernel must have a mechanism to maintain utilization
	   statistics pertaining to a piece of hardware, so that it can
	   trigger the hardware to power it off
	5. Being able to group these pieces of hardware for purpose of
	   higher savings. 

> Is that complete?
> On Wed, 2011-06-29 at 18:30 +0530, Ankita Garg wrote:
> > 1) Dynamic Power Transition: The memory controller can have the ability
> > to automatically transition regions of memory into lower power states
> > when they are devoid of references for a pre-defined threshold amount of
> > time. Memory contents are preserved in the low power states and accessing
> > memory that is at a low power state takes a latency hit.
> > 
> > 2) Dynamic Power Off: If a region is free/unallocated, the software can
> > indicate to the controller to completely turn off power to a certain
> > region. Memory contents are lost and hence the software has to be
> > absolutely sure about the usage statistics of the particular region. This
> > is a runtime capability, where the required amount of memory can be
> > powered 'ON' to match the workload demands.
> > 
> > 3) Partial Array Self-Refresh (PASR): If a certain regions of memory is
> > free/unallocated, the software can indicate to the controller to not
> > refresh that region when the system goes to suspend-to-ram state and
> > thereby save standby power consumption.
> (3) is simply a subset of (2), but with the additional restriction that
> the power off can only occur during a suspend operation.  
> Let's say we fully implemented support for (2).  What would be missing
> to support PASR?

Yes, PASR is a subset of (2) from implementation perspective.

Ankita Garg (ankita at in.ibm.com)
Linux Technology Center
IBM India Systems & Technology Labs,
Bangalore, India

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