Oops in guest after ioremap() on ARMv7

David Vrabel david.vrabel at citrix.com
Thu Dec 22 13:33:38 EST 2011

On 22/12/11 18:13, Catalin Marinas wrote:
> On Thu, Dec 22, 2011 at 04:38:23PM +0000, David Vrabel wrote:
>> On 22/12/11 14:49, Catalin Marinas wrote:
>>> On Thu, Dec 22, 2011 at 12:08:07PM +0000, David Vrabel wrote:
>>>> When running the linux kernel on the ARMv7 envelope model as a guest
>>>> under the Xen hypervisor there is a oops (see below for an example of
>>>> the page translation fault) when trying to access ioremap()'d memory.
>> The translation tables for userspace seem to be also affected.  The
>> program repeatedly faults with a translation fault on the same address.
>>  Putting a cache_flush_all() after the call to handle_mm_fault() in
>> __do_page_fault() makes userspace work as well.
> With the classic page tables, on A15 we need this patch:
> http://git.kernel.org/?p=linux/kernel/git/cmarinas/linux.git;a=commitdiff_plain;h=27cbbe6b1e17fa0b954edd37e26d601bdd7766a6
> But that's to do with TLBs rather than cache and it only shows on real
> hardware rather than model.
>>>> The same kernel works fine when not running under the hypervisor.
>>>> It's a 3.2.0-rc5+ kernel with the two additional linux-arch-arm
>>>> branches: arm-arch/vexpress and arm-arch/arm-lpae.
>>>> Calling flush_cache_all() in flush_cache_vmap() makes it work.  What
>>>> isn't being correctly flushed?  I see that flush_pmd_entry() and
>>>> cpu_v7_set_pte_ext() already flush the L1 and L2 translation table
>>>> entries and I can't think of anything else that would need to be flushed
>>>> (unless the mapped virtual addresses need to be flushed as well?)
>>>> The "Barrier Litmus Tests and Cookbook" says that a TLB flush and a
>>>> branch predictor flush are required after a translation table entry
>>>> update.  This seems not to be done but adding this didn't seem to help
>>>> (and using local_flush_tlb_all()) in flush_cache_vmap() didn't help either).
>>>> I don't see anything in the hypervisor that could be causing this as the
>>>> fault is occurring at stage 1 and not stage 2 translation.
>>> Interesting error, I don't have an immediate idea of what might be
>>> wrong, just some questions.
>>> What's the value of the VTCR register for this guest? Are the
>>> translation table walks marked as cacheable? Also, are the page table
>>> attributes Normal Cacheable in the stage 2 translation? The processor
>>> chooses the more restrictive attribute between stage 1 and stage 2.
>> VTCR = 0x80002558 which is: Outer Shareable; Normal memory, outer
>> write-back write-allocate cacheable; Normal memory, inner write-back,
>> write-allocate cacheable.
>> L3 TT entries for stage 2 have the following attributes:
>> Outer-Shareable; Normal, inner write-back cachable; Normal, outer
>> write-back cacheable.
>> These look sensible to me.
> They look fine (UP system). BTW, I assume that the hypervisor also
> flushes the caches and TLBs for the stage 2 translation tables.

I think so. Cc'ing Ian Campbell who knows the hypervisor side better
than me.

> It could as well be a model bug but people are on holiday at the moment
> (and I'm off shortly as well, until 3rd of January). Could you try to
> disable the cacheability of the page table walks for both stage 1 (TTBRx
> with classic page tables or TTBCR with LPAE) and stage 2 (VTCR)? Since
> Linux does the correct cache flushing and I assume the hypervisor as
> well, this may work around possible model bug.

I can try this but probably not until the new year.


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