[PATCH v5 1/3] omap: dma: Fix buffering disable bit setting for omap24xx

Peter Ujfalusi peter.ujfalusi at nokia.com
Tue Oct 5 02:45:39 EDT 2010

From: Jarkko Nikula <jhnikula at gmail.com>

An errata workaround for omap24xx is not setting the buffering disable bit
25 what is the purpose but channel enable bit 7 instead.

Background for this fix is the DMA stalling issue with ASoC omap-mcbsp
driver. Peter Ujfalusi <peter.ujfalusi at nokia.com> has found an issue in
recording that the DMA stall could happen if there were a buffer overrun
detected by ALSA and the DMA was stopped and restarted due that. This
problem is known to occur on both OMAP2420 and OMAP3. It can recover on
OMAP3 after dma free, dma request and reconfiguration cycle. However, on
OMAP2420 it seems that only way to recover is a reset.

Problem was not visible before the commit c12abc0. That commit changed that
the McBSP transmitter/receiver is released from reset only when needed. That
is, only enabled McBSP transmitter without transmission was able to prevent
this DMA stall problem in receiving side and underlying problem did not show
up until now. McBSP transmitter itself seems to no be reason since DMA
stall does not recover by enabling the transmission after stall.

Debugging showed that there were a DMA write active during DMA stop time and
it never completed even when restarting the DMA. Experimenting showed that
the DMA buffering disable bit could be used to avoid stalling when using
source synchronized transfers. However that could have performance hit and
OMAP3 TRM states that buffering disable is not allowed for destination
synchronized transfers so subsequent patch will implement a method to
complete DMA writes when stopping.

This patch is based on assumtion that complete lock-up on OMAP2420 is
different but related problem. I don't have access to OMAP2420 errata but
I believe this old workaround here is put for a reason but unfortunately
a wrong bit was typed and problem showed up only now.

Signed-off-by: Jarkko Nikula <jhnikula at gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Peter Ujfalusi <peter.ujfalusi at nokia.com>
 arch/arm/plat-omap/dma.c              |   14 ++++++++++----
 arch/arm/plat-omap/include/plat/dma.h |    1 +
 2 files changed, 11 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/arm/plat-omap/dma.c b/arch/arm/plat-omap/dma.c
index ec7eddf..420cef3 100644
--- a/arch/arm/plat-omap/dma.c
+++ b/arch/arm/plat-omap/dma.c
@@ -996,11 +996,17 @@ void omap_start_dma(int lch)
 	l = dma_read(CCR(lch));
-	 * Errata: On ES2.0 BUFFERING disable must be set.
-	 * This will always fail on ES1.0
+	 * Errata: Inter Frame DMA buffering issue (All OMAP2420 and
+	 * OMAP2430ES1.0): DMA will wrongly buffer elements if packing and
+	 * bursting is enabled. This might result in data gets stalled in
+	 * FIFO at the end of the block.
+	 * Workaround: DMA channels must have BUFFERING_DISABLED bit set to
+	 * guarantee no data will stay in the DMA FIFO in case inter frame
+	 * buffering occurs.
-	if (cpu_is_omap24xx())
-		l |= OMAP_DMA_CCR_EN;
+	if (cpu_is_omap2420() ||
+	    (cpu_is_omap2430() && (omap_type() == OMAP2430_REV_ES1_0)))
 	dma_write(l, CCR(lch));
diff --git a/arch/arm/plat-omap/include/plat/dma.h b/arch/arm/plat-omap/include/plat/dma.h
index 098f154..6f70f7c 100644
--- a/arch/arm/plat-omap/include/plat/dma.h
+++ b/arch/arm/plat-omap/include/plat/dma.h
@@ -337,6 +337,7 @@
 #define OMAP2_DMA_MISALIGNED_ERR_IRQ	(1 << 11)
 #define OMAP_DMA_CCR_EN			(1 << 7)
 #define OMAP_DMA_DATA_TYPE_S8		0x00
 #define OMAP_DMA_DATA_TYPE_S16		0x01

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