[RFC PATCH v1] pinctrl: meson: meson8b: fix requesting GPIOs greater than GPIOZ_3
martin.blumenstingl at googlemail.com
Wed Jan 24 09:54:38 PST 2018
On Wed, Jan 24, 2018 at 3:52 PM, Jerome Brunet <jbrunet at baylibre.com> wrote:
> On Wed, 2018-01-24 at 11:10 +0100, Martin Blumenstingl wrote:
>> Hi Jerome,
>> On Wed, Jan 24, 2018 at 9:28 AM, Jerome Brunet <jbrunet at baylibre.com> wrote:
>> > On Wed, 2018-01-24 at 01:27 +0100, Martin Blumenstingl wrote:
>> > > Meson8b is a cost reduced variant of the Meson8 SoC. It's package size
>> > > is smaller than Meson8.
>> > > Unfortunately there are a few key differences which cannot be seen
>> > > without close inspection of the code and the public S805 data-sheet:
>> > > - the GPIOX bank is missing the GPIOX_12, GPIOX_13, GPIOX_14 and
>> > > GPIOX_15 GPIOs
>> > > - the GPIOY bank is missing the GPIOY_2, GPIOY_4, GPIOY_5, GPIOY_15 and
>> > > GPIOY_16 GPIOs
>> > > - the GPIODV bank is missing all GPIOs except GPIODV_9, GPIODV_24,
>> > > GPIODV_25, GPIODV_26, GPIODV_27, GPIODV_28 and GPIODV_29
>> > > - the GPIOZ bank is missing completely
>> > > - there is a new GPIO bank called "DIF"
>> > > - (all other pads exist on both, Meson8 and Meson8b)
>> > >
>> > > The pinctrl-meson driver internally uses struct meson_bank, which
>> > > assumes that the GPIOs are continuous, without any holes in between.
>> > > This also matches with how the registers work:
>> > > - GPIOX_0 for example uses bit 0 for switching this pad between
>> > > input/output, configuring pull-up/down, etc.
>> > > - GPIOX_16 uses bit 16 for switching this pad between input/output,
>> > > configuring pull-up/down/, etc
>> > > GPIOX_16 uses bit 16 even though GPIOX12..15 don't exist. (This is
>> > > probably the reason why Meson8b inherits the dt-bindings - with all GPIO
>> > > IDs - from Meson8)
>> > > This means that Meson8b only has 83 actual GPIO lines. Without any holes
>> > > there would be 130 GPIO lines in total (120 are inherited from Meson8
>> > > plus 10 new from the DIF bank).
>> > >
>> > > The pinctrl framework handles holes in the pin list fine, which can be
>> > > seen in debugfs:
>> > > $ cat /sys/kernel/debug/pinctrl/c1109880.pinctrl/pins
>> > > pin 9 (GPIOX_9) c1109880.pinctrl
>> > > pin 10 (GPIOX_10) c1109880.pinctrl
>> > > pin 11 (GPIOX_11) c1109880.pinctrl
>> > > pin 16 (GPIOX_16) c1109880.pinctrl
>> > > pin 17 (GPIOX_17) c1109880.pinctrl
>> > Hi Martin,
>> > While working on this controller a few weeks ago, I have seen that our current
>> > design does not tolerate having holes in the declared PINS. This is something
>> > that predate the changes mentioned here.
>> > I'm not a big fan of the this overrides_ngpio here, I'm sure it fixes your
>> > problem but it seems a bit hacky, don't you think ?
>> this is the reason why I sent it as RFC - I'm open to better solutions!
>> > I would prefer either of these 2 approach:
>> > * Update the binding and kill the necessary pins. We are still figuring out
>> > those chips, which is why the bindings are marked as un-stable. If sharing the
>> > binding with meson8 was a mistake, now is the time to fix it.
>> let's say we produce a header file which does not contain GPIOX_12:
>> this would be nice since it gives compile errors if non-existent GPIOs
>> are used (instead of failing only at run-time)
>> however, the problem is meson8b_cbus_banks (annotated here to make it
>> easier to read):
>> BANK("X", /* name */
>> GPIOX_0, GPIOX_21, /* first and last GPIO */
>> 97, 118, /* first and last IRQ */
>> 4, 0, /* pull-up/down enable register and bit offset */
>> 4, 0, /* pull-up/down configuration register and bit offset */
>> 0, 0, /* input/output direction register and bit offset */
>> 1, 0, /* output value register and bit offset */
>> 2, 0), /* input value register and bit offset */
>> let's say we want to configure GPIOX_0 as an input:
>> - we need to find the "offset" of this pad within the bank -> 0
>> - find the input/output direction register -> 0
>> - find the bit in that register: bit 0 + pad offset 0 = 0
>> - we clear bit 0 in register 0
>> with the current code configuring GPIOX_16 as input works like this:
>> - we need to find the "offset" of this pad within the bank -> 16
>> - find the input/output direction register -> 0
>> - find the bit in that register: bit 0 + pad offset 16 = 16
>> - we clear bit 16 in register 0
> If offset calculation is really the problem, nothing is stopping you from the
> splitting BANK in two. With your example of GPIOX_12...15 missing:
> BANK("X1", /* name */
> GPIOX_0, GPIOX_11, /* first and last GPIO */
> 97, 108, /* first and last IRQ */
> 4, 0, /* pull-up/down enable register and bit offset */
> 4, 0, /* pull-up/down configuration register and bit offset */
> 0, 0, /* input/output direction register and bit offset */
> 1, 0, /* output value register and bit offset */
> 2, 0), /* input value register and bit offset */
> BANK("X2", /* name */
> GPIOX_16, GPIOX_21, /* first and last GPIO */
> 113, 118, /* first and last IRQ */
> X, Y, /* pull-up/down enable register and bit offset */
> X, Y, /* pull-up/down configuration register and bit offset */
> Z, XX, /* input/output direction register and bit offset */
> FOO, 0, /* output value register and bit offset */
> BAR, 0), /* input value register and bit offset */
nice thinking :)
the only solution I could come up with was to change the MESON_PIN
definition to something like:
#define MESON_PIN(pad, pullen_bit, pull_bit, direction_bit,
output_bit, input_bit, irq_num)
that however means that we would have to change a lot of code in all
>> let's assume that we removed GPIOX_12...15 from Meson8b
>> GPIOX_16 could now have the same value that was assigned to GPIOX_12
>> before (= 12)
>> but how do we now know the offset of GPIOX_16?
>> if we don't consider it in the calculation above we would end up
>> writing to bit 12 (instead of bit 16).
>> we could still cleanup the header file but leave the IDs of the
>> existing GPIOs untouched (so GPIOX_16 would still be 16).
> I don't really get the point of doing so, especially is this patch is still
> needed in the end.
>> however, that means that this patch is still needed because our last
>> ID would be DIF_4_N (= value 129) again (so with holes our total count
>> is still 130).
>> with that we wouldn't even break the DT ABI
> While I prefer changing the bindings over the 'over_ngpio' tweak, it is not my
> favorite solution.
>> > * If meson8b is indeed a cost reduction, it is likely to be same the approach as
>> > s905x vs s905d: The D version is the same SoC with less ball pad but, as far as
>> > we know, the logic is still there on the silicium (same die), it is just not
>> > routed to the outside world. Both version share the same pinctrl driver (gxl).
>> > The pad not routed to the outside world can just be considered "internal pads"
>> there are a few differences between Meson8 and Meson8b, see also :
>> - Meson8 (and Meson8m2) CPU cores: 4x Cortex-A9
>> - Meson8b CPU cores: 4x Cortex-A5
>> - Meson8 (and Meson8m2) GPU: Mali-450MP8
>> - Meson8b GPU: Mali-450MP4
>> - Meson8 (and Meson8m2) package size: 19mm x 19 mm, LFBGA
>> - Meson8b package size: 12mm x 12 mm, LFBGA
>> the pinctrl register layout seems to be *mostly* compatible between
>> Meson8 and Meson8b.
>> unfortunately it's not entirely compatible, here is one example:
>> - Meson8: GROUP(uart_tx_b1, 6, 23),
>> - Meson8b: GROUP(uart_tx_b1, 6, 19),
>> - Meson8: GROUP(eth_mdc, 6, 5),
>> - Meson8b: GROUP(eth_mdc, 6, 9),
>> > Long story short, if meson8 and meson8b share the same bindings, maybe they
>> > should also share the driver. If they can't share the driver because they are
>> > definitely incompatible, maybe they should not share the same bindings
>> based on what I have seen so far I believe that they should not share
>> the same bindings
> It looks to me to be same gpio/pinconf IP with a few pads not exposed to the
> outside world, so I think they could share the bindings, and apparently fair
> part of the driver data.
> Apparently amlogic tweaked a bit the pinmux. With the current architecture of
> our pinctrl driver, it should be fairly easy to register 2 drivers sharing
> everything but the GROUP table (and maybe the FUNCS if necessary)
> If possible, I would be more in favor of this last solution, as we could kill
> one the pinctrl-meson8.c file, which are mostly a copy/paste of one another.
> While fixing you issue, we would end up with less code to maintain and save a
> bit of memory.
> Do you see any other big issue with this approach ?
I would have to go through the whole list of pads to see what the
actual differences are
a quick comparison (diff between pinctrl-meson8.c and
pinctrl-meson8b.c) shows that the largest differences are:
- GPIOZ bank which exists on Meson8 but not on Meson8b
- DIF bank which exists on Meson8b but not on Meson8
- (the other changes seem to be mostly either sorting differences, or
the "holes" where pads were removed from Meson8b)
if we do this we would have to keep the following information separated:
- groups (and with that: num_groups)
- banks (and with that: num_banks) - because the IRQ numbers are
different between Meson8 and Meson8b
- as you already mentioned: maybe functions (and with that: num_functions)
with this approach we would lose the ability to check whether a pin
exists for a specific SoC (as far as I can see)
requesting GPIOX_12 on Meson8b would not show any errors, but
obviously nothing can be done with it (since it's not routed to a pad)
do we have the same issue on GXL (with S905X, S905D and S912)?
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