[RFC] gpio: about the need to manage irq mapping dynamically.

Marc Zyngier marc.zyngier at arm.com
Thu Jun 29 09:53:09 PDT 2017

On 29/06/17 15:57, Jerome Brunet wrote:
> On Thu, 2017-06-29 at 16:14 +0200, Linus Walleij wrote:
>> On Tue, Jun 27, 2017 at 8:25 PM, Jerome Brunet <jbrunet at baylibre.com> wrote:
>>> At the time Linus strongly rejected the idea of calling  irq_create_mapping
>>> (or
>>> any sleeping functions) in gpio_to_irq: please see the reply from Oct 26,
>>> 2016
>>> (sorry for quoting such an old discussion but this is really the starting
>>> point)
>>> * Me: There is really a *lot* of gpio drivers which use irq_create_mapping
>>> in
>>> the to_irq callback, are these all wrong ?
>>> * Linus: Yes they are all wrong. They should all be using
>>> irq_find_mapping().
>>> * Me: If this should not be used, what should we all do instead ?
>>> * Linus: Call irq_create_mapping() in some other place.
>>> gpio_prepare_irq is a proposition for this 'other place'.
>> There is a misunderstanding here.
>> I wrote (at the time):
>>> Yes, but you want to call irq_create_mapping() in slowpath (irq setup)
>>> and irq_find_mapping() in fastpath (irq handler). Else the first IRQ
>>> may result in unwelcomed surprises.
>> This does not mean that irq_create_mapping() cannot be called
>> in irq context because I think it can.
>> What it means is that I think that is suboptimal from a performance
>> point of view if called from gpio_to_irq(), because nominally, at this
>> point, the mapping should already exist, since the GPIO and IRQ
>> frameworks are orthogonal.
> Agreed. It should. In such case, irq_create_mapping is just a call to
> irq_find_mapping which is fine. If, for whatever reason this is not the case,
> this is going to call sleeping function in irq context. It should not happen but
> it is not entirely impossible ...
>> But that may not apply to the case with many-to-few interrupt
>> mappings... so I think I was in some 1-to-1-mapping context
>> when I wrote this. Sorry :(
>> So I changed my mind, it is fine for this type of driver to call
>> irq_create_mapping() in gpio_to_irq(). Preferably with some comment
>> around the call.
> What about disposing of the mapping ? there still is no counter part function to
> gpio_to_irq. It seems weird to leave them lying around, don't you think ?
> Here is a real use we will be having a meson:
> * MMC driver load and call gpio_to_irq on its cd pin
>   This is going to create a mapping 
> * MMC driver request an irq with IRQ_EDGE_BOTH trigger (which we don't/can't
>   support at the moment). request_irq fails.
> * MMC defaults to polling the GPIO
> Remember that we have only 8 possibles mappings. Now there is one (useless)
> mapping lying around which can't get rid of.

Which should be dropped by a dispose_mapping() call in the MMC driver
(or ideally some gpio-specific wrapper around this function).

> If there is more drivers doing this sort of tricks, we are going to exhaust the
> ressource pretty quickly.

We can fix those drivers as we go. It's not like there's a huge variety
of potential HW on this particular platform of yours.


Jazz is not dead. It just smells funny...

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