[RFCv3 usb-next 0/3] initialize (multiple) PHYs in xhci-plat

Martin Blumenstingl martin.blumenstingl at googlemail.com
Mon Aug 14 15:45:39 PDT 2017

This series is the outcome of a discussion with Felipe Balbi,
see [0] and [1].
The quick-summary of this is:
- dwc3 already takes one USB2 and one USB3 PHY and initializes these
- some other HCI platform drivers (like ehci-platform.c, xhci-mtk.c and
  ohci-platform.c) do not have a limitation on the number of PHYs - they
  support one PHY per actual host port
- Amlogic Meson GXL and GXM SoCs come with a dwc3 IP block which has two
  or three USB2 ports enabled on the internal root-hub. The SoCs also
  provide separate USB2 PHYs, one per port. All USB2 PHYs (which are
  internally "connected" to the dwc3 roothub) need to be powered on,
  otherwise USB devices cannot be enumerated (even if just one PHY is
  disabled and if the device is plugged into another, enabled port)

In my first attempt to get USB supported on the GXL and GXM SoCs I tried
to work-around the problem that I could not pass multiple PHYs to the
dwc3 controller.
This was rejected by Rob Herring (which was definitely the thing to do in
my opinion), see [2]

This series adds a new "platform-roothub". This can be configured through
devicetree by passing a child-node with "reg = <0>" to the USB
controller. Additionally there has to be a child-node for each port on
the root-hub. Each of the child-nodes takes a "phys" and "phy-names"
property. This allows modeling the root-hub in devicetree similar to the
USB device binding (documented in devicetree/bindings/usb/usb-device.txt)
This avoids and backwards-compatibility problems (which was a concern
regardless of the solution, see [3]) since the binding for the root-hub
was previously not specified (and we're not using the "phys" property of
the controller, which might have served different purposes before,
depending on the drivers).

Additionally this integrates the new platform-roothub into xhci-plat.c
which automatically enables it for the dwc3 driver (in host-mode).

Changes since RFCv2 at [5]:
- split phy_{init,exit} and phy_power_{on,off} handling. up until RFCv2
  I called phy_init plus phy_power_on in platform_roothub_power_on and
  phy_power_off plus phy_exit in platform_roothub_power_off. However,
  Chunfeng Yun (a Mediatek SoC developer - many thanks for testing my
  series and providing great feedback) reported that only using
  phy_power_off (and omitting phy_exit) during system suspend fixes an
  issue where USB devices would be re-enumerated when resuming. His
  original problem description: "In order to keep link state on mt8173,
  we just power off all phys(not exit) when system enter suspend, then
  power on them again (needn't init, otherwise device will be
  disconnected) when system resume, this can avoid re-enumerating
  device.". This fix affects patch #2 and #3 as we now have
  platform_roothub_init (which calls phy_init internally),
  platform_roothub_power_on (which calls phy_power_on internally),
  platform_roothub_power_off (which calls phy_power_off internally) and
  platform_roothub_exit (which calls phy_exit internally). suspend and
  resume only call platform_roothub_power_{on,off} to prevent the issue
  described by Chunfeng Yun (unfortunately I cannot test this because
  the Amlogic platform currently does not support system suspend).
- dropped two struct forward declarations from platform-roothub.h which
  are not used in the header file (thanks to Chunfeng Yun for spotting

Changes since RFCv1 at [4]:
- split the usb-xhci dt-binding documentation into a separate patch
- fixed a typo ("usb-phy" -> "phys" in the dt-binding example)
- rebased to apply against latest usb-next

[0] http://lists.infradead.org/pipermail/linux-amlogic/2017-January/001945.html
[1] http://lists.infradead.org/pipermail/linux-amlogic/2017-January/001947.html
[2] http://lists.infradead.org/pipermail/linux-amlogic/2016-November/001818.html
[3] http://lists.infradead.org/pipermail/linux-amlogic/2017-January/001948.html
[4] http://marc.info/?l=linux-usb&m=148414866303604&w=2
[5] https://www.spinics.net/lists/linux-usb/msg158967.html

Martin Blumenstingl (3):
  dt-bindings: usb: add the documentation for USB root-hub
  usb: host: add a generic platform USB roothub driver
  usb: host: xhci: plat: integrate the platform-roothub

 .../devicetree/bindings/usb/usb-roothub.txt        |  46 ++++++
 Documentation/devicetree/bindings/usb/usb-xhci.txt |   7 +
 drivers/usb/host/Kconfig                           |   4 +
 drivers/usb/host/Makefile                          |   2 +
 drivers/usb/host/platform-roothub.c                | 180 +++++++++++++++++++++
 drivers/usb/host/platform-roothub.h                |  12 ++
 drivers/usb/host/xhci-plat.c                       |  35 +++-
 drivers/usb/host/xhci.h                            |   2 +
 8 files changed, 286 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 Documentation/devicetree/bindings/usb/usb-roothub.txt
 create mode 100644 drivers/usb/host/platform-roothub.c
 create mode 100644 drivers/usb/host/platform-roothub.h


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