[PATCH] mci: imx-esdhc: implement reset quirks for i.MX6 DualLite/Solo

Stefan Christ s.christ at phytec.de
Wed May 4 06:20:52 PDT 2016

First of all the reset values of MMC interfaces are differently between
Quad and DualLite/Solo SoM.

                Register VEND_SPEC2(0xC8)
    Quad:       0x0
    DualLite:   0x00000006
    default:    0x00000006    (from i.MX6 Reference Manual)

Furthermore the ROM Code of Quad and DualLite uses the MMC interfaces
differently when it loads the bootloader from that device:

                Register DLL_CTRL(0x60)  Bit 25 FBCLK_SEL (0x48)
    Quad:       0x0                      0
    DualLite:   0x01000021               1

Since the linux kernel and barebox driver doesn't reset all registers,
the MMC interface is in an inconsistent state, which leads to boot
failures for some eMMC devices on the i.MX6 DualLite SoM. The errors
look like:

    mmcblk3: error -110 sending stop command, original cmd response 0x900, card status 0x400900
    mmcblk3: error -84 transferring data, sector 24578, nr 2, cmd response 0x900, card status 0x0
    mmcblk3: retrying using single block read
    mmcblk3: error -84 transferring data, sector 24578, nr 2, cmd response 0x900, card status 0x0
    blk_update_request: I/O error, dev mmcblk3, sector 24578

It's sufficient to reset register DLL_CTRL and bit FBCLK_SEL. Register
VEND_SPEC2 has no effect.

Signed-off-by: Stefan Christ <s.christ at phytec.de>

there is already a corresponding kernel patch, but it's not sufficient:

    commit db79ac243f04a7a0ee43246c51667881f7736c56     
    Author: Dong Aisheng <aisheng.dong at freescale.com>
    Date:   Mon Dec 14 15:31:43 2015 +0800           

        MLK-12000 mmc: sdhci-esdhci-imx: disable DLL delay line settings explicitly

        Disable DLL delay line settings explicitly during driver initialization
        in case ROM/uBoot had set an invalid delay.
        e.g. MX6DL ROM has set the default delay line(DLLCTRL) to 0x1000021,
        the uSDHC clock timing will become marginal when works on DDR mode
        due to default delay and will possibly see CRC errors in cause the board
        is not perfectly designed on the eMMC chip layout.

It only resets the register DLL_CTRL, but the bit FBCLK_SEL must be also be

Mit freundlichen Grüßen / Kind regards,
        Stefan Christ

 drivers/mci/imx-esdhc.c | 14 ++++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 14 insertions(+)

diff --git a/drivers/mci/imx-esdhc.c b/drivers/mci/imx-esdhc.c
index 282887b..2e189fe 100644
--- a/drivers/mci/imx-esdhc.c
+++ b/drivers/mci/imx-esdhc.c
@@ -41,6 +41,8 @@
 #define IMX_SDHCI_WML		0x44
 #define IMX_SDHCI_MIXCTRL	0x48
+#define IMX_SDHCI_DLL_CTRL	0x60
 struct fsl_esdhc_host {
 	struct mci_host		mci;
@@ -516,11 +518,23 @@ static int esdhc_reset(struct fsl_esdhc_host *host)
 	void __iomem *regs = host->regs;
 	uint64_t start;
+	int val;
 	/* reset the controller */
+	/* extra register reset for i.MX6 Solo/DualLite */
+	if (cpu_is_mx6()) {
+		/* reset bit FBCLK_SEL */
+		val = esdhc_read32(regs + IMX_SDHCI_MIXCTRL);
+		esdhc_write32(regs + IMX_SDHCI_MIXCTRL, val);
+		/* reset delay line settings in IMX_SDHCI_DLL_CTRL */
+		esdhc_write32(regs + IMX_SDHCI_DLL_CTRL, 0x0);
+	}
 	start = get_time_ns();
 	/* hardware clears the bit when it is done */
 	while (1) {

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