[PATCH v3] ath10k: Fix crash during rmmod when probe firmware fails

Valo, Kalle kvalo at qca.qualcomm.com
Wed Jan 25 05:29:41 PST 2017

Mohammed Shafi Shajakhan <mohammed at qti.qualcomm.com> writes:

> From: Mohammed Shafi Shajakhan <mohammed at qti.qualcomm.com>
> This fixes the below crash when ath10k probe firmware fails,
> NAPI polling tries to access a rx ring resource which was never
> allocated, fix this by disabling NAPI right away once the probe
> firmware fails by calling 'ath10k_hif_stop'. Its good to note
> that the error is never propogated to 'ath10k_pci_probe' when
> ath10k_core_register fails, so calling 'ath10k_hif_stop' to cleanup
> PCI related things seems to be ok
> BUG: unable to handle kernel NULL pointer dereference at (null)
> IP:  __ath10k_htt_rx_ring_fill_n+0x19/0x230 [ath10k_core]
> __ath10k_htt_rx_ring_fill_n+0x19/0x230 [ath10k_core]
> Call Trace:
> [<ffffffffa113ec62>] ath10k_htt_rx_msdu_buff_replenish+0x42/0x90
> [ath10k_core]
> [<ffffffffa113f393>] ath10k_htt_txrx_compl_task+0x433/0x17d0
> [ath10k_core]
> [<ffffffff8114406d>] ? __wake_up_common+0x4d/0x80
> [<ffffffff811349ec>] ? cpu_load_update+0xdc/0x150
> [<ffffffffa119301d>] ? ath10k_pci_read32+0xd/0x10 [ath10k_pci]
> [<ffffffffa1195b17>] ath10k_pci_napi_poll+0x47/0x110 [ath10k_pci]
> [<ffffffff817863af>] net_rx_action+0x20f/0x370
> Reported-by: Ben Greear <greearb at candelatech.com>
> Fixes: 3c97f5de1f28 ("ath10k: implement NAPI support")
> Signed-off-by: Mohammed Shafi Shajakhan <mohammed at qti.qualcomm.com>

Is there an easy way to reproduce this bug? I don't see it on my x86
laptop with qca988x and I call rmmod all the time. I would like to test
this myself.

> --- a/drivers/net/wireless/ath/ath10k/core.c
> +++ b/drivers/net/wireless/ath/ath10k/core.c
> @@ -2164,6 +2164,7 @@ static int ath10k_core_probe_fw(struct ath10k *ar)
>  	ath10k_core_free_firmware_files(ar);
>  err_power_down:
> +	ath10k_hif_stop(ar);
>  	ath10k_hif_power_down(ar);
>  	return ret;

This breaks the symmetry, we should not be calling ath10k_hif_stop() if
we haven't called ath10k_hif_start() from the same function. This can
just create a bigger mess later, for example with other bus support like
sdio or usb. In theory it should enough that we call
ath10k_hif_power_down() and pci.c does the rest correctly "behind the

I investigated this a bit and I think the real cause is that we call
napi_enable() from ath10k_pci_hif_power_up() and napi_disable() from
ath10k_pci_hif_stop(). Does anyone remember why?

I was expecting that we would call napi_enable()/napi_disable() either
in ath10k_hif_power_up/down() or ath10k_hif_start()/stop(), but not
mixed like it's currently.

Kalle Valo

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