[OpenWrt-Devel] Security Advisory 2020-01-31-1 - Opkg susceptible to MITM (CVE-2020-7982)

Jo-Philipp Wich jo at mein.io
Fri Jan 31 13:54:07 PST 2020


DESCRIPTION

A bug in the package list parse logic of OpenWrt's opkg fork caused the
package manager to ignore SHA-256 checksums embedded in the signed repository
index, effectively bypassing integrity checking of downloaded .ipk artifacts.

The bug has been introduced with commit https://git.openwrt.org/54cc7e3 which
failed to advance the proper string pointer when skipping the leading white-
space portition of the checksum string, causing the subsequent hex decoding
loop to return early with a zero length checksum.

Due to the fact that opkg on OpenWrt runs as root and has write access to the
entire filesystem, arbitrary code could be injected by the means of forged
.ipk packages with malicious payload.

CVE-2020-7982 has been assigned to this issue.


REQUIREMENTS

In order to exploit this vulnerability, a malicious actor needs to pose as
MITM, serving a valid and signed package index - e.g. one obtained from
downloads.openwrt.org - and one or more forged .ipk packages having the same
size as specified in the repository index while an `opkg install` command
is invoked on the victim system.


MITIGATIONS

To fix this issue, upgrade to the latest OpenWrt version. The fix is contained
in the following and later OpenWrt releases:

  * OpenWrt master: 2020-01-29 reboot-12146-gc69c20c667
  * OpenWrt 19.07:  2019-01-29 v19.07.1-1-g4668ae3bed
  * OpenWrt 18.06:  2019-01-29 v18.06.7-1-g6bfde67581

The fixed opkg package will carry the version 2020-01-25.


Alternatively, to update the opkg package itself without upgrading the entire
firmware, the following commands may be used once all repositories have been
updated:

   cd /tmp
   opkg update
   opkg download opkg
   zcat ./opkg-lists/openwrt_base | grep -A10 "Package: opkg" | grep SHA256sum
   sha256sum ./opkg_2020-01-25-c09fe209-1_*.ipk

Compare both checksums and, if matching, proceed with installing the package:

   opkg install ./opkg_2020-01-25-c09fe209-1_*.ipk


AFFECTED VERSIONS

To our knowledge, OpenWrt versions 18.06.0 to 18.06.6 and 19.07.0 as well as
LEDE 17.01.0 to 17.01.7 are affected. The fixed packages are integrated in
the OpenWrt 18.06.7, OpenWrt 19.07.1 and subsequent releases.

Older versions of OpenWrt (e.g. OpenWrt 15.05 and LEDE 17.01) are end of life
and not supported any more.


CREDITS

The issue was discovered by Guido Vranken for ForAllSecure, Inc.



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