[PATCH] PM / Domains: Fix initial default state of the need_restore flag

Kevin Hilman khilman at kernel.org
Fri Nov 7 14:26:22 PST 2014

Dmitry Torokhov <dmitry.torokhov at gmail.com> writes:

> On Fri, Nov 07, 2014 at 11:47:53AM -0800, Kevin Hilman wrote:
>> Ulf Hansson <ulf.hansson at linaro.org> writes:
>> > The initial state of the device's need_restore flag should'nt depend on
>> > the current state of the PM domain. For example it should be perfectly
>> > valid to attach an inactive device to a powered PM domain.
>> >
>> > The pm_genpd_dev_need_restore() API allow us to update the need_restore
>> > flag to somewhat cope with such scenarios. Typically that should have
>> > been done from drivers/buses ->probe() since it's those that put the
>> > requirements on the value of the need_restore flag.
>> >
>> > Until recently, the Exynos SOCs were the only user of the
>> > pm_genpd_dev_need_restore() API, though invoking it from a centralized
>> > location while adding devices to their PM domains.
>> >
>> > Due to that Exynos now have swithed to the generic OF-based PM domain
>> > look-up, it's no longer possible to invoke the API from a centralized
>> > location. The reason is because devices are now added to their PM
>> > domains during the probe sequence.
>> >
>> > Commit "ARM: exynos: Move to generic PM domain DT bindings"
>> > did the switch for Exynos to the generic OF-based PM domain look-up,
>> > but it also removed the call to pm_genpd_dev_need_restore(). This
>> > caused a regression for some of the Exynos drivers.
>> >
>> > To handle things more properly in the generic PM domain, let's change
>> > the default initial value of the need_restore flag to reflect that the
>> > state is unknown. As soon as some of the runtime PM callbacks gets
>> > invoked, update the initial value accordingly.
>> >
>> > Moreover, since the generic PM domain is verifying that all device's
>> > are both runtime PM enabled and suspended, using pm_runtime_suspended()
>> > while pm_genpd_poweroff() is invoked from the scheduled work, we can be
>> > sure of that the PM domain won't be powering off while having active
>> > devices.
>> >
>> > Do note that, the generic PM domain can still only know about active
>> > devices which has been activated through invoking its runtime PM resume
>> > callback. In other words, buses/drivers using pm_runtime_set_active()
>> > during ->probe() will still suffer from a race condition, potentially
>> > probing a device without having its PM domain being powered. That issue
>> > will have to be solved using a different approach.
>> >
>> > This a log from the boot regression for Exynos5, which is being fixed in
>> > this patch.
>> >
>> > ------------[ cut here ]------------
>> > WARNING: CPU: 0 PID: 308 at ../drivers/clk/clk.c:851 clk_disable+0x24/0x30()
>> > Modules linked in:
>> > CPU: 0 PID: 308 Comm: kworker/0:1 Not tainted 3.18.0-rc3-00569-gbd9449f-dirty #10
>> > Workqueue: pm pm_runtime_work
>> > [<c0013c64>] (unwind_backtrace) from [<c0010dec>] (show_stack+0x10/0x14)
>> > [<c0010dec>] (show_stack) from [<c03ee4cc>] (dump_stack+0x70/0xbc)
>> > [<c03ee4cc>] (dump_stack) from [<c0020d34>] (warn_slowpath_common+0x64/0x88)
>> > [<c0020d34>] (warn_slowpath_common) from [<c0020d74>] (warn_slowpath_null+0x1c/0x24)
>> > [<c0020d74>] (warn_slowpath_null) from [<c03107b0>] (clk_disable+0x24/0x30)
>> > [<c03107b0>] (clk_disable) from [<c02cc834>] (gsc_runtime_suspend+0x128/0x160)
>> > [<c02cc834>] (gsc_runtime_suspend) from [<c0249024>] (pm_generic_runtime_suspend+0x2c/0x38)
>> > [<c0249024>] (pm_generic_runtime_suspend) from [<c024f44c>] (pm_genpd_default_save_state+0x2c/0x8c)
>> > [<c024f44c>] (pm_genpd_default_save_state) from [<c024ff2c>] (pm_genpd_poweroff+0x224/0x3ec)
>> > [<c024ff2c>] (pm_genpd_poweroff) from [<c02501b4>] (pm_genpd_runtime_suspend+0x9c/0xcc)
>> > [<c02501b4>] (pm_genpd_runtime_suspend) from [<c024a4f8>] (__rpm_callback+0x2c/0x60)
>> > [<c024a4f8>] (__rpm_callback) from [<c024a54c>] (rpm_callback+0x20/0x74)
>> > [<c024a54c>] (rpm_callback) from [<c024a930>] (rpm_suspend+0xd4/0x43c)
>> > [<c024a930>] (rpm_suspend) from [<c024bbcc>] (pm_runtime_work+0x80/0x90)
>> > [<c024bbcc>] (pm_runtime_work) from [<c0032a9c>] (process_one_work+0x12c/0x314)
>> > [<c0032a9c>] (process_one_work) from [<c0032cf4>] (worker_thread+0x3c/0x4b0)
>> > [<c0032cf4>] (worker_thread) from [<c003747c>] (kthread+0xcc/0xe8)
>> > [<c003747c>] (kthread) from [<c000e738>] (ret_from_fork+0x14/0x3c)
>> > ---[ end trace 40cd58bcd6988f12 ]---
>> >
>> > Fixes: a4a8c2c4962bb655 (ARM: exynos: Move to generic PM domain DT bindings)
>> > Reported-by: Sylwester Nawrocki <s.nawrocki at samsung.com>
>> > Signed-off-by: Ulf Hansson <ulf.hansson at linaro.org>
>> Reviewed-by: Kevin Hilman <khilman at linaro.org>
>> And looks like we need this for v3.18-rc since it does fix the
>> regression.
> I guess we do need it for 3.18, but when we are talking about 3.19,
> before we make any more changes can we outline how power domains are
> supposed to work?

Yes, I agree, we have some things to sort out for v3.19, but as this one
is a regression fix, I think it needs to be in v3.18-rc.


> 1. How do we attach a device to power domain? Right now it seems that
> individual buses are responsible for attaching their devices to power
> domains. Should we move it into driver core (device_pm_add?) so that
> device starts its life in its proper power domain?
> 2. When do we power up the devices (and the domains)? Right now devices
> in ACPI power domain are powered when they are attached to the power
> domain (which coincides with probing), but generic power domains do not
> do that. Can we add a separate API to explicitly power up the device (and
> its domain if it is powered down) and do it again, either in device core
> or in individual buses. This way, regardless of runtime PM or not, we
> will have devices powered on when driver tries to bind to them. If
> binding fails we can power down the device.
> I've heard there is a concern about power domain bouncing up and down
> during probing. Is it really a concern? Would not we run into the same
> issues past booting up with aggressive PM policy? Anyway, we could
> probably work around this by refusing to actually power down the domains
> until we are done booting, similarly to who genpd_poweroff_unused works.
> Thanks.

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