[RFC][PATCH] Reset PCIe devices to address DMA problem on kdump with iommu

Takao Indoh indou.takao at jp.fujitsu.com
Wed Sep 5 07:09:58 EDT 2012

(2012/08/07 5:39), Vivek Goyal wrote:
> On Mon, Aug 06, 2012 at 01:30:47PM +0900, Takao Indoh wrote:
>> Hi Vivek,
>> (2012/08/03 20:46), Vivek Goyal wrote:
>>> On Fri, Aug 03, 2012 at 08:24:31PM +0900, Takao Indoh wrote:
>>>> Hi all,
>>>> This patch adds kernel parameter "reset_pcie_devices" which resets PCIe
>>>> devices at boot time to address DMA problem on kdump with iommu. When
>>>> this parameter is specified, a hot reset is triggered on each PCIe root
>>>> port and downstream port to reset its downstream endpoint.
>>> Hi Takao,
>>> Why not use existing "reset_devices" parameter instead of introducing
>>> a new one?
>> "reset_devices" is used for each driver to reset their own device, and
>> this patch resets all devices forcibly, so I thought they were different
>> things.
> Yes reset_devices currently is used for driver to reset its device. I
> thought one could very well extend its reach to reset pci express devices
> at bus level.
> Having them separate is not going to be much useful from kdump
> perspective. We will end up passing both reset_devices and
> reset_pcie_devices to second kernel whill lead to bus level reset as well
> as device level reset.
> Ideal situation would be that somehow detect that bus level reset has been
> done and skip device level reset (assuming bus level reset obviates the
> need of device level reset, please correct me if that's not the case).
> After pcie reset, can we store the state in a variable and drivers can
> use that variable to check if PCIe level reset was done or not. If yes,
> skip device level reset (Assuming driver knows that device is on a
> PCIe slot).
> In that case we will not have to introduce new kernel command line, and
> also avoid double reset?
I found a problem when testing my patch on some machines.

Originally there are two problems in kdump kernel when iommu is enabled;
DMAR error and PCI SERR. I thought they are fixed by my patch, but I
noticed that PCI SERR is still detected after applying the patch. It
seems that something happens when Interrupt Remapping is initialized in
kdump kernel.

Therefore resetting devices has to be done before enable_IR() is
called. I have three ideas for it.

  (i) Resetting devices in 1st kernel(panic kernel)
  We can reset devices before jumping into 2nd kernel. Of course it may
  be dangerous to scan pci device tree and call PCI functions in panic'd
  kernel. Beforehand we need to collect device information so that only
  minimal code could run on panic.

  (ii) Resetting devices in purgatory
  It seems to be be appropriate place to do this, but I'm not sure
  where I can save/restore PCI config when resetting devices in

  (iii) Resetting devices in 2nd kernel(kdump kernel)
  Important point is to do reset before enable_IR() is called as I wrote
  above. I think I should add new function to do reset into
  arch/x86/pci/early.c and call it in setup_arch like
  early_dump_pci_devices() or early_quirks().

Any comments?

Takao Indoh

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