[PATCH v3] PCI: Disallow retraining link for Atheros chips on non-Gen1 PCIe bridges
pali at kernel.org
Sat Jun 26 07:38:16 PDT 2021
On Friday 25 June 2021 15:19:36 Bjorn Helgaas wrote:
> On Mon, Jun 21, 2021 at 04:28:55PM +0200, Pali Rohár wrote:
> > On Wednesday 16 June 2021 16:38:19 Bjorn Helgaas wrote:
> > > On Wed, Jun 02, 2021 at 09:03:02PM +0200, Pali Rohár wrote:
> > > > On Wednesday 02 June 2021 10:55:59 Bjorn Helgaas wrote:
> > > > > On Wed, Jun 02, 2021 at 02:08:16PM +0200, Pali Rohár wrote:
> > > > > > On Tuesday 01 June 2021 19:00:36 Bjorn Helgaas wrote:
> > > > >
> > > > > > > I wonder if this could be restructured as a generic quirk
> > > > > > > in quirks.c that simply set the bridge's TLS to 2.5 GT/s
> > > > > > > during enumeration. Or would the retrain fail even in
> > > > > > > that case?
> > > > > >
> > > > > > If I understand it correctly then PCIe link is already up
> > > > > > when kernel starts enumeration. So setting Bridge TLS to 2.5
> > > > > > GT/s does not change anything here.
> > > > > >
> > > > > > Moreover it would have side effect that cards which are
> > > > > > already set to 5+ GT/s would be downgraded to 2.5 GT/s
> > > > > > during enumeration and for increasing speed would be needed
> > > > > > another round of "enumeration" to set a new TLS and retrain
> > > > > > link again. As TLS affects link only after link goes into
> > > > > > Recovery state.
> > > > > >
> > > > > > So this would just complicate card enumeration and settings.
> > > > >
> > > > > The current quirk complicates the ASPM code. I'm hoping that
> > > > > if we set the bridge's Target Link Speed during enumeration,
> > > > > the link retrain will "just work" without complicating the
> > > > > ASPM code.
> > > > >
> > > > > An enumeration quirk wouldn't have to set the bridge's TLS to
> > > > > 2.5 GT/s; the quirk would be attached to specific endpoint
> > > > > devices and could set the bridge's TLS to whatever the
> > > > > endpoint supports.
> > > >
> > > > Now I see what you mean. Yes, I agree this is a good idea and
> > > > can simplify code. Quirk is not related to ASPM code and
> > > > basically has nothing with it, just I put it into aspm.c because
> > > > this is the only place where link retraining was activated.
> > > >
> > > > But with this proposal there is one issue. Some kernel drivers
> > > > already overwrite PCI_EXP_LNKCTL2_TLS value. So if PCI
> > > > enumeration code set some value into PCI_EXP_LNKCTL2_TLS bits
> > > > then drivers can change it and once ASPM will try to retrain
> > > > link this may cause this issue.
> > >
> > > I guess you mean the amdgpu, radeon, and hfi1 drivers. They
> > > really shouldn't be mucking with that stuff anyway. But they do
> > > and are unlikely to change because we don't have any good
> > > alternative.
> > Yea, these are examples of such drivers... Maybe it is a good idea
> > to ask those people why changing PCI_EXP_LNKCTL2_TLS is needed. As
> > these drivers are often derived from codebase of shared multisystem
> > drivers or from common documentation, it is possible that original
> > source has this code as a workaround or common pattern used in other
> > operating systems, not related to linux...
> > > One way around that would be to add some quirk code to
> > > pcie_capability_write_word(). Ugly, but we do have something sort
> > > of similar in pcie_capability_read_word() already.
> > Bjorn, do you really want such ugly hack in
> > pcie_capability_write_word? It is common code used and called from
> > lot of places so it may affect whole system if in future somebody
> > changes it again...
> I don't know which is uglier, a quirk in pcie_capability_write_word()
> or a quirk in aspm.c that has nothing to do with ASPM. They're both
> ugly :)
> FWIW, in pcie_capability_write_word() I would envision not a check for
> Atheros, but rather something like a "dev->max_target_link_speed" that
> could be set by an Atheros quirk. It does get uglier if we want to
> restrict the bridge's link speed via a quirk, then unrestrict it when
> the endpoint is unplugged.
> I know pcie_downgrade_link_to_gen1() only returns failure for corner
> cases that "should not occur,"
It is not only corner case. It happens _always_ with at least two
As I wrote in other email due to this issue, some quirk code which
allows / disallows link retraining is required in aspm.c file.
> but I don't like the fact that it's
> possible to change Common Clock Configuration without doing the
> retrain. That would leave us with incorrect ASPM exit latencies,
> which is really hard to debug.
I see... Any idea how to solve this issue?
> Here's the relevant text in the spec (PCIe r5.0):
> 184.108.40.206 Link Capabilities
> L0s Exit Latency - This field indicates the L0s exit latency for
> the given PCI Express Link. The value reported indicates the
> length of time this Port requires to complete transition from L0s
> to L0. ...
> Note that exit latencies may be influenced by PCI Express
> reference clock configuration depending upon whether a component
> uses a common or separate reference clock.
> 220.127.116.11 Link Control
> Common Clock Configuration - When Set, this bit indicates that
> this component and the component at the opposite end of this Link
> are operating with a distributed common reference clock. ...
> After changing the value in this bit in both components on a Link,
> software must trigger the Link to retrain by writing a 1b to the
> Retrain Link bit of the Downstream Port.
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