[OpenWrt-Devel] [PATCH] build: fix STAGING_DIR cleaning when filenames contain spaces

Jeffery To jeffery.to at gmail.com
Wed May 15 04:03:16 PDT 2019


On Fri, May 3, 2019 at 5:40 PM Petr Štetiar <ynezz at true.cz> wrote:

> Jeffery To <jeffery.to at gmail.com> [2019-05-03 01:33:27]:
>
> > When looping through a package's STAGING_FILES_LIST (a list of
> > file/directory paths delimited by newlines), if the path contains
> > spaces, then the path will be split by the while loops, and the
> > file/directory will not be deleted/removed.
> >
> > This sets the internal field separator to the newline only so that the
> > entire path is considered when deleting/removing.
> >
> > Signed-off-by: Jeffery To <jeffery.to at gmail.com>
> > ---
> >  scripts/clean-package.sh | 2 ++
> >  1 file changed, 2 insertions(+)
> >
> > diff --git a/scripts/clean-package.sh b/scripts/clean-package.sh
> > index e580566a52..3a824929c6 100755
> > --- a/scripts/clean-package.sh
> > +++ b/scripts/clean-package.sh
> > @@ -1,4 +1,6 @@
> >  #!/usr/bin/env bash
> > +IFS="
> > +"
> >  [ -n "$1" -a -n "$2" ] || {
> >       echo "Usage: $0 <file> <directory>"
> >       exit 1
>
> just for the record, copy&pasting my comment from your PR[1]:
>
> I'm just wondering, if this proposed fix with this strange looking IFS is
> the
> right direction. Usually if I've problem with whitespaces in filenames,
> it's
> because I've forget to use xargs. If I'm not mistaken, this [ -n "$entry"
> ] ||
> break construct could be replaced with xargs -r, there's even XARGS:=xargs
> -r
> in rules.mk. Just my two cents.
>
> 1. https://github.com/openwrt/openwrt/pull/1806#issuecomment-475454138
>
> -- ynezz
>

For the record, here is my reply from the PR[1]:

IFS[2] is a standard internal variable that controls how the shell splits
tokens. Setting it here determines how the while loops further down the
script will split the input (lines of file paths generated by find).
Normally, IFS contains space, newline, and tab, which causes the while
loops to incorrectly split paths with spaces. This problem is avoided by
setting IFS to the newline only.

The line you cite ([ -n "$entry" ] || break) causes the while loops (which
delete the input file paths) to exit on the first empty line of input. It
would make no sense to replace it with xargs.

* * *

I finally remembered, I copied this syntax from
package/network/services/openvpn/files/openvpn.init[3]:

LIST_SEP="
"

then further down it's used in append_param()[4] as IFS="$LIST_SEP" (I
won't quote the whole for loop here).

If you prefer, I can change this to use ksh93 syntax[5]:

IFS=$'\n'

If you want to rewrite the script to use xargs, please be my guest, but
setting IFS solves the issue here of spaces in file paths (technically,
lines of text read from a file list).


1. https://github.com/openwrt/openwrt/pull/1806#issuecomment-475506440
2. https://www.tldp.org/LDP/abs/html/internalvariables.html#IFSREF
3.
https://github.com/openwrt/openwrt/blob/172b02c05f2dc199f511f1577aeddfabb7790dc0/package/network/services/openvpn/files/openvpn.init#L13-L14
4.
https://github.com/openwrt/openwrt/blob/172b02c05f2dc199f511f1577aeddfabb7790dc0/package/network/services/openvpn/files/openvpn.init#L43
5. https://unix.stackexchange.com/a/184867
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