[PATCH] ARM: bcm2835: Use 0x4 prefix for DMA bus addresses to SDRAM.

Eric Anholt eric at anholt.net
Tue May 5 12:53:09 PDT 2015

Stephen Warren <swarren at wwwdotorg.org> writes:

> On 05/04/2015 01:33 PM, Eric Anholt wrote:
>> There exists a tiny MMU, configurable only by the VC (running the
>> closed firmware), which maps from the ARM's physical addresses to bus
>> addresses.  These bus addresses determine the caching behavior in the
>> VC's L1/L2 (note: separate from the ARM's L1/L2) according to the top
>> 2 bits.  The bits in the bus address mean:
>>  From the VideoCore processor:
>> 0x0... L1 and L2 cache allocating and coherent
>> 0x4... L1 non-allocating, but coherent. L2 allocating and coherent
>> 0x8... L1 non-allocating, but coherent. L2 non-allocating, but coherent
>> 0xc... SDRAM alias. Cache is bypassed. Not L1 or L2 allocating or coherent
>>  From the GPU peripherals (note: all peripherals bypass the L1
>> cache. The ARM will see this view once through the VC MMU):
>> 0x0... Do not use
>> 0x4... L1 non-allocating, and incoherent. L2 allocating and coherent.
>> 0x8... L1 non-allocating, and incoherent. L2 non-allocating, but coherent
>> 0xc... SDRAM alias. Cache is bypassed. Not L1 or L2 allocating or coherent
>> The 2835 firmware always configures the MMU to turn ARM physical
>> addresses with 0x0 top bits to 0x4, meaning present in L2 but
>> incoherent with L1.  However, any bus addresses we were generating in
>> the kernel to be passed to a device had 0x0 bits.  That would be a
>> reserved (possibly totally incoherent) value if sent to a GPU
>> peripheral like USB, or L1 allocating if sent to the VC (like a
>> firmware property request).  By setting dma-ranges, all of the devices
>> below it get a dev->dma_pfn_offset, so that dma_alloc_coherent() and
>> friends return addresses with 0x4 bits and avoid cache incoherency.
>> This matches the behavior in the downstream 2708 kernel (see
>> BUS_OFFSET in arch/arm/mach-bcm2708/include/mach/memory.h).
>> diff --git a/arch/arm/boot/dts/bcm2835.dtsi b/arch/arm/boot/dts/bcm2835.dtsi
>>   		#address-cells = <1>;
>>   		#size-cells = <1>;
>>   		ranges = <0x7e000000 0x20000000 0x02000000>;
>> +		dma-ranges = <0x40000000 0x00000000 0x1f000000>;
> Oh well that's a nice and simple patch; I had been avoiding looking into 
> fixing the kernel for this since I was worried it'd be rather complex!
> I'm puzzled why the length cell of ranges and dma-ranges differs though? 
> Assuming there's a good explanation for that,

Nope, you're right, it should be 0x20000000.  '0x1f' came from going
back from the '0x3f' on the pi2, but pi2 just has a chunk lost to the
bus mapping.
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