[PATCH 5/6] spi: bcm2835: add polling mode for transfers below 30us

Stephen Warren swarren at wwwdotorg.org
Mon Mar 30 20:28:38 PDT 2015

On 03/29/2015 08:03 AM, Martin Sperl wrote:
> In cases of short transfer times the CPU is spending lots of time
> in the interrupt handler and scheduler to reschedule the worker thread.
> Measurements show that we have times where it takes 29.32us to between
> the last clock change and the time that the worker-thread is running again
> returning from wait_for_completion_timeout().
> During this time the interrupt-handler is running calling complete()
> and then also the scheduler is rescheduling the worker thread.
> This time can vary depending on how much of the code is still in
> CPU-caches, when there is a burst of spi transfers the subsequent delays
> are in the order of 25us, so the value of 30us seems reasonable.
> With polling the whole transfer of 4 bytes at 10MHz finishes after 6.16us
> (CS down to up) with the real transfer (clock running) taking 3.56us.
> So the efficiency has much improved and also freeing CPU cycles, reducing
> interrupts and context switches.
> Because of the above 30us seems to be a reasonable limit for polling.

> diff --git a/drivers/spi/spi-bcm2835.c b/drivers/spi/spi-bcm2835.c

> @@ -204,6 +207,37 @@ static int bcm2835_spi_transfer_one(struct spi_master *master,

> +	spi_used_hz = (cdiv) ? (clk_hz / cdiv) : (clk_hz / 65536);

"(cdiv)" can be just "cdiv".

> +	/* check if we shall run in polling mode */
> +	xfer_time_us = tfr->len * 9 * 1000000 / spi_used_hz;

Why 9 not 8; presumably thats bits per byte, and IIRC SPI doesn't have
anything like I2C's ack bit per byte?

> +	if (xfer_time_us <= BCM2835_SPI_POLLING_LIMIT_US) {
> +			if ((bs->rx_len) && (time_after(jiffies, timeout))) {

There are many extra brackets here too.

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