[PATCH] arm64: dts: rockchip: add enable-strobe-pulldown to emmc phy on rk3399

Alban Browaeys alban.browaeys at gmail.com
Mon Feb 26 18:05:25 PST 2024

Le mercredi 24 août 2022 à 07:57 -0700, Doug Anderson a écrit :
> On Tue, Aug 23, 2022 at 8:11 PM Jensen Huang
> <jensenhuang at friendlyarm.com> wrote:
> > I realized that only some devices may be affected, so I considered
> > modifying rk3399-nanopi4.dtsi only,
> > but other boards without external pull-down should still need this
> > patch.
> I guess the other alternative would be to change how the dt property
> works. You could say:
> 1. If `enable-strobe-pulldown` is set then enable the strobe
> pulldown.
> 2. If `enable-strobe-pulldown` is not set then don't touch the pin in
> the kernel.
> 3. If someone later needs to explicitly disable the strobe pulldown
> they could add a new property like `disable-strobe-pulldown`.
> Obviously there are tradeoffs between that and what you've done and
> I'm happy to let others make the call of which they'd prefer.

Christopher could you try "ROCK Pi 4" and "ROCK Pi 4+" with 
"enable-strobe-pulldown" instead of disabling HS400 as you did in July

Could the behavior be reverted to let the vendor kernel default for the
default case (ie enable pulldown)?

I believe 99% of the boards are now broken with this new internal
pulldown behavior (all  these with internal pulldown). More on that
later but to sum up, nobody  complained because downstream kernels like
Armbian all disabled HS400 for all boards, at least for rk3399.

Do we really want to ask 99% of the board dts to add this "enable-
strobe-pulldown" in their dts?
Chris, was your custom board not working with the vender kernel default
to enable unconditionaly?
What was the rationale to  choose the opposite default from the vendor
kernel one?

As told in the commit that introduced this new behavior the default for
the vendor kernel was the opposite of what was introduced in the Linux

commit 8b5c2b45b8f0a11c9072da0f7baf9ee986d3151e
Author: Chris Ruehl <chris.ruehl at gtsys.com.hk>
Date:   Sun Nov 29 13:44:14 2020 +0800

phy: rockchip: set pulldown for strobe line in dts

This patch add support to set the internal pulldown via dt property
and allow simplify the board design for the trace from emmc-phy to
the eMMC chipset.
Default to not set the pull-down.

This patch was inspired from the 4.4 tree of the
Rockchip SDK, where it is enabled unconditional.
The patch had been tested with our rk3399 customized board.

For RK3588 I see this commit which makes me believe the internal
pulldown case is the most common "
commit 37f3d6108730713c411827ab4af764909f4dfc78
Author: Sam Edwards <cfsworks at gmail.com>
Date:   Tue Dec 5 12:29:00 2023 -0800

arm64: dts: rockchip: Fix eMMC Data Strobe PD on rk3588

JEDEC standard JESD84-B51 defines the eMMC Data Strobe line, which is
currently used only in HS400 mode, as a device->host clock signal that
"is used only in read operation. The Data Strobe is always High-Z (not
driven by the device and pulled down by RDS) or Driven Low in write
operation, except during CRC status response." RDS is a pull-down
resistor specified in the 10K-100K ohm range. Thus per the standard,
Data Strobe is always pulled to ground (by the eMMC and/or RDS) during
write operations.

Evidently, the eMMC host controller in the RK3588 considers an active
voltage on the eMMC-DS line during a write to be an error.

The default (i.e. hardware reset, and Rockchip BSP) behavior for the
RK3588 is to activate the eMMC-DS pin's builtin pull-down. As a result,
many RK3588 board designers do not bother adding a dedicated RDS
resistor, instead relying on the RK3588's internal bias. The current
devicetree, however, disables this bias (`pcfg_pull_none`), breaking
HS400-mode writes for boards without a dedicated RDS, but with an eMMC
chip that chooses to High-Z (instead of drive-low) the eMMC-DS line.
(The Turing RK1 is one such board.)

Fix this by changing the bias in the (common) emmc_data_strobe case to
reflect the expected hardware/BSP behavior. This is unlikely to cause
regressions elsewhere: the pull-down is only relevant for High-Z eMMCs,
and if this is redundant with a (dedicated) RDS resistor, the effective
result is only a lower resistance to ground -- where the range of
tolerance is quite high. If it does, it's better fixed in the specific

Lately two other upstream dts disabled HS400 due to this new behavior I
author	Christopher Obbard <chris.obbard at collabora.com>	2023-
07-05 15:42:55 +0100
committer	Heiko Stuebner <heiko at sntech.de>	2023-07-10
15:43:24 +0200
commit	2bd1d2dd808c60532283e9cf05110bf1bf2f9079 (patch)
tree	57cbf7eaa91deb68f143577d5d1dbc0d9141480e
parent	cee572756aa2cb46e959e9797ad4b730b78a050b (diff)
download	linux-2bd1d2dd808c60532283e9cf05110bf1bf2f9079.tar.gz
arm64: dts: rockchip: Disable HS400 for eMMC on ROCK 4C+

author	Christopher Obbard <chris.obbard at collabora.com>	2023-
07-05 15:42:54 +0100
committer	Heiko Stuebner <heiko at sntech.de>	2023-07-10
15:43:24 +0200
commit	cee572756aa2cb46e959e9797ad4b730b78a050b (patch)
tree	cf3ed8ff6230cbde04353503417c1a75ba15c249
parent	5ce6971e5279c569defc2f2ac800692049bbaa90 (diff)
download	linux-cee572756aa2cb46e959e9797ad4b730b78a050b.tar.gz
arm64: dts: rockchip: Disable HS400 for eMMC on ROCK Pi 4

All Armbian RK3399 boards, as far as I know, had to disable HS400, I
also believe due to this commit.

You can also search google for "running cqe recovery rk3399 armbian".

This was never reported upstream though. But as HS400 is disabled
everywhere nobody notice the regression nowadays.

> > BR,
> > Jensen
> > 
> > On Tue, Aug 23, 2022 at 10:13 PM Doug Anderson
> > <dianders at chromium.org> wrote:
> > > 
> > > Hi,
> > > 
> > > On Tue, Aug 23, 2022 at 4:53 AM Heiko Stübner <heiko at sntech.de>
> > > wrote:
> > > > 
> > > > Am Montag, 22. August 2022, 09:41:39 CEST schrieb Jensen Huang:
> > > > > Internal pull-down for strobe line (GRF_EMMCPHY_CON2[9]) was
> > > > > disabled
> > > > > by commit 8b5c2b45b8f0, which causes I/O error in HS400 mode.
> > > > > 
> > > > > Tested on NanoPC-T4.
> > > > > 
> > > > > Fixes: 8b5c2b45b8f0 ("phy: rockchip: set pulldown for strobe
> > > > > line in dts")
> > > > > Signed-off-by: Jensen Huang <jensenhuang at friendlyarm.com>
> > > > 
> > > > ok, so this looks like it restores previous functionality.
> > > > 
> > > > I'm just wondering as the "offending" patch is from 2020, why
> > > > this
> > > > only turns up now. Any ideas?
> > > 

Probbaly because the introduction of PROBE_DEFERRED in regulator core
before that (in 5.10.60) already broke at least my board HS400 due to
double init. Thus why it took me so long to see this new pulldown
behavior commit. I was testing every regulator core double init fixup
patchset while not understanding why reverting the PROBE_DEFERRED
commit on 5.10.60 worked but not on newer kernels (ie this new pulldown
behavior was introduced in 5.11...).

> > > Ah, I see. So before the offending patch we used to just leave
> > > the
> > > pull state at whatever the default was when the kernel was
> > > booted.
> > > After the offending patch we chose a default.
> > > 
> > > On kevin I see an external pull down on this line. Enabling both
> > > the
> > > internal and external is probably not a huge deal, it'll just
> > > affect
> > > the strength of the pull.
> > > 
> > > On bob I _think_ the external pull down is also stuffed.
> > > 
> > > ...so I guess that would explain why it didn't cause a problem
> > > for at
> > > least those two boards?
> > > 
> > > -Doug

In my opinion it is about these board already being broken by the
regulator core change, so nobody noticed the second regression. When
the first regression was fixed, it was very hard to correlate the still
broken behavior to the second regression.

I confirm that on Helios64, setting "enable-strobe-pulldown" fixes the
EMMC error I had when writing with HS400ES enabled:
mmc1: running CQE recovery 
mmc1: cqhci: spurious TCN for tag 12

It also took me so long to report upstream as my board code (rk3399-
kobol-helios64.dts) is not completely upstreamed yet so I use an
Armbian patched kernel.


More information about the Linux-rockchip mailing list