[PATCH v2] timers: Fix usleep_range() in the context of wake_up_process()

Douglas Anderson dianders at chromium.org
Mon Oct 10 14:04:02 PDT 2016

Users of usleep_range() expect that it will _never_ return in less time
than the minimum passed parameter.  However, nothing in any of the code
ensures this.  Specifically:

usleep_range() => do_usleep_range() => schedule_hrtimeout_range() =>
schedule_hrtimeout_range_clock() just ends up calling schedule() with an
appropriate timeout set using the hrtimer.  If someone else happens to
wake up our task then we'll happily return from usleep_range() early.

msleep() already has code to handle this case since it will loop as long
as there was still time left.  usleep_range() had no such loop.

The problem is is easily demonstrated with a small bit of test code:

  static int usleep_test_task(void *data)
    atomic_t *done = data;
    ktime_t start, end;

    start = ktime_get();
    usleep_range(50000, 100000);
    end = ktime_get();
    pr_info("Requested 50000 - 100000 us.  Actually slept for %llu us\n",
      (unsigned long long)ktime_to_us(ktime_sub(end, start)));
    atomic_set(done, 1);

    return 0;

  static void run_usleep_test(void)
    struct task_struct *t;
    atomic_t done;

    atomic_set(&done, 0);

    t = kthread_run(usleep_test_task, &done, "usleep_test_task");
    while (!atomic_read(&done)) {

If you run the above code without this patch you get things like:
  Requested 50000 - 100000 us.  Actually slept for 967 us

If you run the above code _with_ this patch, you get:
  Requested 50000 - 100000 us.  Actually slept for 50001 us

Presumably this problem was not detected before because:
- It's not terribly common to use wake_up_process() directly.
- Other ways for processes to wake up are not typically mixed with
- There aren't lots of places that use usleep_range(), since many people
  call either msleep() or udelay().

Reported-by: Tao Huang <huangtao at rock-chips.com>
Signed-off-by: Douglas Anderson <dianders at chromium.org>
Changes in v2:
- Fixed stupid bug that snuck in before posting
- Use ktime_before
- Remove delta from the loop

NOTE: Tested against 4.4 tree w/ backports.  I'm trying to get myself
up and running with mainline again to test there now but it might be a
little while.  Hopefully this time I don't shoot myself in the foot.

 kernel/time/timer.c | 20 ++++++++++++++++++--
 1 file changed, 18 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/kernel/time/timer.c b/kernel/time/timer.c
index 32bf6f75a8fe..219439efd56a 100644
--- a/kernel/time/timer.c
+++ b/kernel/time/timer.c
@@ -1898,12 +1898,28 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(msleep_interruptible);
 static void __sched do_usleep_range(unsigned long min, unsigned long max)
+	ktime_t now, end;
 	ktime_t kmin;
 	u64 delta;
+	int ret;
-	kmin = ktime_set(0, min * NSEC_PER_USEC);
+	now = ktime_get();
+	end = ktime_add_us(now, min);
 	delta = (u64)(max - min) * NSEC_PER_USEC;
-	schedule_hrtimeout_range(&kmin, delta, HRTIMER_MODE_REL);
+	do {
+		kmin = ktime_sub(end, now);
+		ret = schedule_hrtimeout_range(&kmin, delta, HRTIMER_MODE_REL);
+		/*
+		 * If schedule_hrtimeout_range() returns 0 then we actually
+		 * hit the timeout. If not then we need to re-calculate the
+		 * new timeout ourselves.
+		 */
+		if (ret == 0)
+			break;
+		now = ktime_get();
+	} while (ktime_before(now, end));

More information about the Linux-rockchip mailing list