[PATCH] mmc: dw_mmc: Consider HLE errors to be data and command errors

Shawn Lin shawn.lin at rock-chips.com
Thu May 19 04:31:53 PDT 2016


On 2016/5/19 1:37, Doug Anderson wrote:
> Hi,
> On Wed, May 18, 2016 at 2:14 AM, Shawn Lin <shawn.lin at rock-chips.com> wrote:
>> Hi
>> On 2016-5-18 12:12, Doug Anderson wrote:
>>> Hi,
>>> On Tue, May 17, 2016 at 6:59 PM, Shawn Lin
>>> <shawn.lin at kernel-upstream.org> wrote:
>>>> Could you try this patch to see if you can still find HLE?
>>>> @@ -2356,12 +2356,22 @@ static void dw_mci_cmd_interrupt(struct dw_mci
>>>> *host, u32 status)
>>>>   static void dw_mci_handle_cd(struct dw_mci *host)
>>>>   {
>>>>          int i;
>>>> +       int present;
>>>>          for (i = 0; i < host->num_slots; i++) {
>>>>                  struct dw_mci_slot *slot = host->slot[i];
>>>>                  if (!slot)
>>>>                          continue;
>>>> +               present = !(mci_readl(slot->host, CDETECT) & (1 <<
>>>> slot->id));
>>>> +               if (present)
>>>> +                       set_bit(DW_MMC_CARD_PRESENT, &slot->flags);
>>>> +               else
>>>> +                       clear_bit(DW_MMC_CARD_PRESENT, &slot->flags);
>>> No, because we don't use the builtin card detect on veyron.  ;)
>>> We use GPIO card detect because we didn't like the way JTAG and SD
>>> interacted.  Also on rk3288 the builtin card detect line had the wrong
>>> voltage domain (you couldn't detect a card when the IO lines were
>>> powered off).  The builtin card detect line is always driven low on
>>> veyron.
>> Okay, I see.
>>> I'm nearly certain that the root cause of my HLE errors is actually
>>> related to the same problem addressed by the commit 7c5209c315ea
>>> ("mmc: core: Increase delay for voltage to stabilize from 3.3V to
>>> 1.8V").  I think that on minnie we're still on the hairy edge and
>>> sometimes the line doesn't transition fast enough.
>> Things are not so simple from your details.
>> I was not enabling SD3.0 support, then I also found HLE sometimes.
>> So it seems commit 7c5209c315ea does not contibute to this phenomenon.
> Just to clarify, in my case commit 7c5209c315ea didn't make the
> problem worse, but made it better.  Just not better enough.  ;)
>> The scenario looks like:
>> remove sd-card -> mmc_sd_detect -> send status(CMD13) ->power_off ->
>> set_ios -> setup_bus -> disabled clk , then HLE irq storm coming
>> From the code of dw_mci_prepare_command:
>> SDMMC_CMD_PRV_DAT_WAIT will not be used for CMD13, so we don't
>> wait_busy here, then cmd code is loding into queue of dw_mmc but
>> still failing send out because it's in busy?
>> With my patch, things go well:
>> remove sd-card -> clear bit of DW_MMC_CARD_PRESENT  -> send
>> status(CMD13) return directly -> power_off -> set_ios -> setup_bus ->
>> disable clk
>> So why should we allow inquiry of card status if we sure the card is
>> removed? I mean no any further cmds should be delivered.
> Quite honestly just dealing with the HLE error (my patch or
> equivalent) might be a sane solution for the problem you describe.

Yes, your patch looks good to me, so it should be merged firstly. :)
Then let's push it a bit further more that when HLEs are coming,
somethings must be wrong(currently I don't see a obvious clue from
the code itself although, I'm prone to think it belongs to the
software issue).

> dw_mmc needs to be able to work with an external card detect GPIO.
> It's been part of the dw_mmc driver for a long time and is (in fact)
> in use upstream at least by rk3288-veyron.  Any solution that only
> works for internal card detect is not enough.  Just handling the HLE
> error to deal with the interrupt storm and then letting Linux remove
> the card (because of the card detect interrupt) seems totally OK to
> me.

Sure, some of rockchip Socs use gpio for CD because they don't
have a internal CD, such as RK3036, right?

> Note: I'd be very curious if your problems get better if you disable

Not at all.

> the "grf_force_jtag" bit in the GRF.  If you're using the builtin card
> detect and you use the boot default of "grf_force_jtag" then your pins
> will be unmuxed behind your back when the card is ejected.  This could
> be causing the dw_mmc controller to get confused.

Right, grf_force_jtag is also not a friend of mine. :)
So I had disabled this function before I was debugging it.

>> And another question: should we wait busy for cmd13?
> I don't think so.  As I understand it CMD13 uses only the CMD line for
> communication and it should be appropriate to send this when the bus
> is "busy" (which means that the DATA lines are low).

Ahh... take back my question.. I was just considering a wired situation
that pins are unmuxed on the background(cmd line as well) when cmd13 is

> Also: it seems odd that the HLE IRQ storm didn't come right after the
> CMD 13 in your description above.  Are you sure it was the CMD 13 that
> caused the HLEs, or could it has been something else?

Actually no. Any cmds be issued can trigger HLEs, I think, after sd card 
is removed When I hacked mmc_sd_detecd to send other cmds intead
of cmd13.

 From dw_mmc databook v270a(7.2.3 Clock Programming) we can see:
The DWC_mobile_storage loads each of these registers only when the
start_cmd bit and the Update_clk_regs_only bit in the CMD register are
set. When a command is successfully loaded, the DWC_mobile_storage
clears this bit, unless the DWC_mobile_storage already has another
command in the queue, at which point it gives an HLE (Hardware Locked
Error); for details on HLEs, refer to “Error Handling” on page 233.
Software should look for the start_cmd and the Update_clk_regs_only
bits, and should also set the wait_prvdata_complete bit to ensure that
clock parameters do not change during data transfer.

Maybe the cmd is trying to load(or somethings wrong with the
controller?) when we disable the clk? That may explain my observation
that HLEs came after disabling clk.

> -Doug

Best Regards
Shawn Lin

More information about the Linux-rockchip mailing list