[PATCH] CHROMIUM: iommu: rockchip: Make sure that page table state is coherent

Tomasz Figa tfiga at chromium.org
Mon Mar 23 01:38:45 PDT 2015

Sorry, I had to dig my way out through my backlog.

On Tue, Mar 3, 2015 at 10:36 PM, Joerg Roedel <joro at 8bytes.org> wrote:
> On Mon, Feb 09, 2015 at 08:19:21PM +0900, Tomasz Figa wrote:
>> Even though the code uses the dt_lock spin lock to serialize mapping
>> operation from different threads, it does not protect from IOMMU
>> accesses that might be already taking place and thus altering state
>> of the IOTLB. This means that current mapping code which first zaps
>> the page table and only then updates it with new mapping which is
>> prone to mentioned race.
> Could you elabortate a bit on the race and why it is sufficient to zap
> only the first and the last iova? From the description and the comments
> in the patch this is not clear to me.

Let's start with why it's sufficient to zap only first and last iova.

While unmapping, the driver zaps all iovas belonging to the mapping,
so the page tables not used by any mapping won't be cached. Now when
the driver creates a mapping it might end up occupying several page
tables. However, since the mapping area is virtually contiguous, only
the first and last page table can be shared with different mappings.
This means that only first and last iovas can be already cached. In
fact, we could detect if first and last page tables are shared and do
not zap at all, but this wouldn't really optimize too much. Why
invalidating one iova is enough to invalidate the whole page table is
unclear to me as well, but it seems to be the correct way on this

As for the race, it's also kind of explained by the above. The already
running hardware can trigger page table look-ups in the IOMMU and so
caching of the page table between our zapping and updating its
contents. With this patch zapping is performed after updating the page
table so the race is gone.

Best regards,

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