[RFC PATCH 2/2] iommu: rockchip: Handle system-wide and runtime PM

Tomasz Figa tfiga at chromium.org
Thu Dec 11 20:15:51 PST 2014

Hi Rafael,

On Fri, Dec 12, 2014 at 5:48 AM, Rafael J. Wysocki <rjw at rjwysocki.net> wrote:
> On Thursday, December 11, 2014 04:51:37 PM Ulf Hansson wrote:
>> On 11 December 2014 at 16:31, Kevin Hilman <khilman at kernel.org> wrote:
>> > [+ Laurent Pinchart]
>> >
>> > Tomasz Figa <tfiga at chromium.org> writes:
>> >
>> >> On Thu, Dec 11, 2014 at 8:58 PM, Ulf Hansson <ulf.hansson at linaro.org> wrote:
>> >
>> > [...]
>> >
>> >>>> @@ -988,11 +1107,28 @@ static int rk_iommu_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
>> >>>>                 return -ENXIO;
>> >>>>         }
>> >>>>
>> >>>> +       pm_runtime_no_callbacks(dev);
>> >>>> +       pm_runtime_enable(dev);
>> >>>> +
>> >>>> +       /* Synchronize state of the domain with driver data. */
>> >>>> +       pm_runtime_get_sync(dev);
>> >>>> +       iommu->is_powered = true;
>> >>>
>> >>> Doesn't the runtime PM status reflect the value of "is_powered", thus
>> >>> why do you need to have a copy of it? Could it perpahps be that you
>> >>> try to cope with the case when CONFIG_PM is unset?
>> >>>
>> >>
>> >> It's worth noting that this driver fully relies on status of other
>> >> devices in the power domain the IOMMU is in and does not enforce the
>> >> status on its own. So in general, as far as my understanding of PM
>> >> runtime subsystem, the status of the IOMMU device will be always
>> >> suspended, because nobody will call pm_runtime_get() on it (except the
>> >> get and put pair in probe). So is_powered is here to track status of
>> >> the domain, not the device. Feel free to suggest a better way, though.
>> >
>> > I still don't like these notifiers.  I think they add ways to bypass
>> > having proper runtime PM implemented for devices/subsystems.
>> I do agree, but I haven't found another good solution to the problem.
> For the record, I'm not liking this mostly because it "fixes" a generic problem
> in a way that's hidden in the genpd code and very indirect.

Well, that's true. This is indeed a generic problem of PM dependencies
between devices (other than those represented by parent-child
relation), which in fact doesn't have much to do with genpd, but
rather with those devices directly. It is just that genpd is the most
convenient location to solve this in current code and in a simple way.
In other words, I see this solution as a reasonable way to get the
problem solved quickly for now, so that we can start thinking about a
more elegant solution.

>> > From a high-level, the IOMMU is just another device inside the PM
>> > domain, so ideally it should be doing it's own _get() and _put() calls
>> > so the PM domain code would just do the right thing without the need for
>> > notifiers.
>> As I understand it, the IOMMU (or for other similar cases) shouldn't
>> be doing any get() and put() at all because there are no IO API to
>> serve request from.
>> In principle we could consider these kind devices as "parent" devices
>> to those other devices that needs them. Then runtime PM core would
>> take care of things for us, right!?
>> Now, I am not so sure using the "parent" approach is actually viable,
>> since it will likely have other complications, but I haven't
>> thoroughly thought it though yet.
> That actually need not be a "parent".
> What's needed in this case is to do a pm_runtime_get_sync() on a device
> depended on every time a dependent device is runtime-resumed (and analogously
> for suspending).
> The core doesn't have a way to do that, but it looks like we'll need to add
> it anyway for various reasons (ACPI _DEP is one of them as I mentioned some
> time ago, but people dismissed it basically as not their problem).

Let me show you our exact use case.

We have a power domain, which contains an IOMMU and an IP block, which
can do bus transactions through that IOMMU. Of course the IP block is
not aware of the IOMMU, because this is just an integration detail and
on other platforms using the same IP block the IOMMU might not be
there. This implies that the driver for this IP block should not be
aware of the IOMMU either, which, on the buffer allocation and mapping
side, is achieved by DMA mapping subsystem. We would also want the
IOMMU to be fully transparent to that driver on PM side.

Now, for PM related details, they are located in the same power
domain, which means that whenever the power domain is turned off, the
CPU can't access their registers and all the hardware state is gone.
To make the case more interesting, there is no point in programming
the IOMMU unless the device using it is powered on. Similarly, there
is no point in powering the domain on to just access the IOMMU. This
implies that the power domain should be fully controlled by the
stand-alone IP block, while the peripheral IOMMU shouldn't affect its
state and its driver only respond to operations performed by driver of
that stand-alone IP block.

A solution like below could work for the above:

- There is a per-device list of peripheral devices, which need to be
powered on for this device to work.
- Whenever the IOMMU subsystem/driver binds an IOMMU to a device, it
adds the IOMMU device to the list of peripheral devices of that device
(and similarly for removal).
- A runtime PM operation on a device will also perform the same
operation on all its peripheral devices.

Another way would be to extend what the PM runtime core does with
parent-child relations to handle the whole list of peripheral devices
instead of just the parent.

Would this design sound somehow reasonable to you?

Best regards,

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