[PATCH AUTOSEL 5.10 20/22] riscv: evaluate put_user() arg before enabling user access

Sasha Levin sashal at kernel.org
Mon Apr 5 17:04:29 BST 2021

From: Ben Dooks <ben.dooks at codethink.co.uk>

[ Upstream commit 285a76bb2cf51b0c74c634f2aaccdb93e1f2a359 ]

The <asm/uaccess.h> header has a problem with put_user(a, ptr) if
the 'a' is not a simple variable, such as a function. This can lead
to the compiler producing code as so:

1:	enable_user_access()
2:	evaluate 'a' into register 'r'
3:	put 'r' to 'ptr'
4:	disable_user_acess()

The issue is that 'a' is now being evaluated with the user memory
protections disabled. So we try and force the evaulation by assigning
'x' to __val at the start, and hoping the compiler barriers in
 enable_user_access() do the job of ordering step 2 before step 1.

This has shown up in a bug where 'a' sleeps and thus schedules out
and loses the SR_SUM flag. This isn't sufficient to fully fix, but
should reduce the window of opportunity. The first instance of this
we found is in scheudle_tail() where the code does:

$ less -N kernel/sched/core.c

4263  if (current->set_child_tid)
4264         put_user(task_pid_vnr(current), current->set_child_tid);

Here, the task_pid_vnr(current) is called within the block that has
enabled the user memory access. This can be made worse with KASAN
which makes task_pid_vnr() a rather large call with plenty of
opportunity to sleep.

Signed-off-by: Ben Dooks <ben.dooks at codethink.co.uk>
Reported-by: syzbot+e74b94fe601ab9552d69 at syzkaller.appspotmail.com
Suggested-by: Arnd Bergman <arnd at arndb.de>

Changes since v1:
- fixed formatting and updated the patch description with more info

Changes since v2:
- fixed commenting on __put_user() (schwab at linux-m68k.org)

Change since v3:
- fixed RFC in patch title. Should be ready to merge.

Signed-off-by: Palmer Dabbelt <palmerdabbelt at google.com>
Signed-off-by: Sasha Levin <sashal at kernel.org>
 arch/riscv/include/asm/uaccess.h | 7 +++++--
 1 file changed, 5 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/riscv/include/asm/uaccess.h b/arch/riscv/include/asm/uaccess.h
index 824b2c9da75b..f944062c9d99 100644
--- a/arch/riscv/include/asm/uaccess.h
+++ b/arch/riscv/include/asm/uaccess.h
@@ -306,7 +306,9 @@ do {								\
  * data types like structures or arrays.
  * @ptr must have pointer-to-simple-variable type, and @x must be assignable
- * to the result of dereferencing @ptr.
+ * to the result of dereferencing @ptr. The value of @x is copied to avoid
+ * re-ordering where @x is evaluated inside the block that enables user-space
+ * access (thus bypassing user space protection if @x is a function).
  * Caller must check the pointer with access_ok() before calling this
  * function.
@@ -316,12 +318,13 @@ do {								\
 #define __put_user(x, ptr)					\
 ({								\
 	__typeof__(*(ptr)) __user *__gu_ptr = (ptr);		\
+	__typeof__(*__gu_ptr) __val = (x);			\
 	long __pu_err = 0;					\
 	__chk_user_ptr(__gu_ptr);				\
 	__enable_user_access();					\
-	__put_user_nocheck(x, __gu_ptr, __pu_err);		\
+	__put_user_nocheck(__val, __gu_ptr, __pu_err);		\
 	__disable_user_access();				\
 	__pu_err;						\

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