[PATCH v5 1/4] riscv: Move kernel mapping to vmalloc zone

Alex Ghiti alex at ghiti.fr
Thu Jul 23 01:21:50 EDT 2020

Hi Benjamin,

Le 7/21/20 à 7:11 PM, Benjamin Herrenschmidt a écrit :
> On Tue, 2020-07-21 at 14:36 -0400, Alex Ghiti wrote:
>>>> I guess I don't understand why this is necessary at all.
>>>> Specifically: why
>>>> can't we just relocate the kernel within the linear map?  That would
>>>> let the
>>>> bootloader put the kernel wherever it wants, modulo the physical
>>>> memory size we
>>>> support.  We'd need to handle the regions that are coupled to the
>>>> kernel's
>>>> execution address, but we could just put them in an explicit memory
>>>> region
>>>> which is what we should probably be doing anyway.
>>> Virtual relocation in the linear mapping requires to move the kernel
>>> physically too. Zong implemented this physical move in its KASLR RFC
>>> patchset, which is cumbersome since finding an available physical spot
>>> is harder than just selecting a virtual range in the vmalloc range.
>>> In addition, having the kernel mapping in the linear mapping prevents
>>> the use of hugepage for the linear mapping resulting in performance loss
>>> (at least for the GB that encompasses the kernel).
>>> Why do you find this "ugly" ? The vmalloc region is just a bunch of
>>> available virtual addresses to whatever purpose we want, and as noted by
>>> Zong, arm64 uses the same scheme.
> I don't get it :-)
> At least on powerpc we move the kernel in the linear mapping and it
> works fine with huge pages, what is your problem there ? You rely on
> punching small-page size holes in there ?

ARCH_HAS_STRICT_KERNEL_RWX prevents the use of a hugepage for the kernel 
mapping in the direct mapping as it sets different permissions to 
different part of the kernel (data, text..etc).

> At least in the old days, there were a number of assumptions that
> the kernel text/data/bss resides in the linear mapping.
> If you change that you need to ensure that it's still physically
> contiguous and you'll have to tweak __va and __pa, which might induce
> extra overhead.

Yes that's done in this patch and indeed there is an overhead to those 

> Cheers,
> Ben.



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