[PATCH] asm-generic/mmiowb: Get cpu in mmiowb_set_pending

Palmer Dabbelt palmer at dabbelt.com
Wed Jul 15 12:41:50 EDT 2020

On Wed, 15 Jul 2020 07:48:06 PDT (-0700), Will Deacon wrote:
> On Wed, Jul 15, 2020 at 07:03:49AM -0700, Palmer Dabbelt wrote:
>> On Wed, 15 Jul 2020 03:42:46 PDT (-0700), Will Deacon wrote:
>> > Hmm. Although I _think_ something like the diff below ought to work, are you
>> > sure you want to be doing MMIO writes in preemptible context? Setting
>> > '.disable_locking = true' in 'sifive_gpio_regmap_config' implies to me that
>> > you should be handling the locking within the driver itself, and all the
>> > other regmap writes are protected by '&gc->bgpio_lock'.
>> I guess my goal here was to avoid fixing the drivers: it's one thing if it's
>> just broken SiFive drivers, as they're all a bit crusty, but this is blowing up
>> for me in the 8250 driver on QEMU as well.  At that point I figured there'd be
>> an endless stream of bugs around this and I'd rather just.
> Right, and my patch should solve that.
>> > Given that riscv is one of the few architectures needing an implementation
>> > of mmiowb(), doing MMIO in a preemptible section seems especially dangerous
>> > as you have no way to ensure completion of the writes without adding an
>> > mmiowb() to the CPU migration path (i.e. context switch).
>> I was going to just stick one in our context switching code unconditionally.
>> While we could go track cumulative writes outside the locks, the mmiowb is
>> essentially free for us because the one RISC-V implementation treats all fences
>> the same way so the subsequent store_release would hold all this up anyway.
>> I think the right thing to do is to add some sort of arch hook right about here
>> diff --git a/kernel/sched/core.c b/kernel/sched/core.c
>> index cfd71d61aa3c..14b4f8b7433f 100644
>> --- a/kernel/sched/core.c
>> +++ b/kernel/sched/core.c
>> @@ -3212,6 +3212,7 @@ static struct rq *finish_task_switch(struct task_struct *prev)
>> 	prev_state = prev->state;
>> 	vtime_task_switch(prev);
>> 	perf_event_task_sched_in(prev, current);
>> +	finish_arch_pre_release(prev);
>> 	finish_task(prev);
>> 	finish_lock_switch(rq);
>> 	finish_arch_post_lock_switch();
>> but I was just going to stick it in switch_to for now... :).  I guess we could
>> also roll the fence up into yet another one-off primitive for the scheduler,
>> something like
> What does the above get you over switch_to()?
>> > diff --git a/include/asm-generic/mmiowb.h b/include/asm-generic/mmiowb.h
>> > index 9439ff037b2d..5698fca3bf56 100644
>> > --- a/include/asm-generic/mmiowb.h
>> > +++ b/include/asm-generic/mmiowb.h
>> > @@ -27,7 +27,7 @@
>> >  #include <asm/smp.h>
>> >
>> >  DECLARE_PER_CPU(struct mmiowb_state, __mmiowb_state);
>> > -#define __mmiowb_state()       this_cpu_ptr(&__mmiowb_state)
>> > +#define __mmiowb_state()       raw_cpu_ptr(&__mmiowb_state)
>> >  #else
>> >  #define __mmiowb_state()       arch_mmiowb_state()
>> >  #endif /* arch_mmiowb_state */
>> > @@ -35,7 +35,9 @@ DECLARE_PER_CPU(struct mmiowb_state, __mmiowb_state);
>> >  static inline void mmiowb_set_pending(void)
>> >  {
>> >         struct mmiowb_state *ms = __mmiowb_state();
>> > -       ms->mmiowb_pending = ms->nesting_count;
>> > +
>> > +       if (likely(ms->nesting_count))
>> > +               ms->mmiowb_pending = ms->nesting_count;
>> Ya, that's one of the earlier ideas I had, but I decided it doesn't actually do
>> anything: if we're scheduleable then we know that pending and count are zero,
>> thus the check isn't necessary.  It made sense late last night and still does
>> this morning, but I haven't had my coffee yet.
> What it does is prevent preemptible writeX() from trashing the state on
> another CPU, so I think it's a valid fix. I agree that it doesn't help
> you if you need mmiowb(), but then that _really_ should only be needed if
> you're holding a spinlock. If you're doing concurrent lockless MMIO you
> deserve all the pain you get.
> I don't get why you think the patch does nothing, as it will operate as
> expected if writeX() is called with preemption disabled, which is the common
> case.

Aside from PREEMPT_RT, I don't understand how you can be scheduled onto a CPU
that has a non-zero nesting_count.  Doesn't that mean that the CPU you're
scheduled on to is itself holding a spinlock, and therefor can't be scheduled

Sure, some interrupt could come in the middle, but it's still going to see the
non-zero nesting_count left over from the spinlock being held and therefor will
avoid trashing the accumulated mmiowb.  As far as I can tell everything then
proceeds acceptably: when the interrupt unlocks it'll do an mmiowb (whether it
did an IO or not), which is sufficient to ensure that the IO from the
interrupted code is completed before the unlock from that code.

I must be missing something here?

>> I'm kind of tempted to just declare "mmiowb() is fast on RISC-V, so let's do it
>> unconditionally everywhere it's necessary".  IIRC that's essentially true on
>> the existing implementation, as it'll get rolled up to any upcoming fence
>> anyway.  It seems like building any real machine that relies on the orderings
>> provided by mmiowb is going to have an infinate rabbit hole of bugs anyway, so
>> in that case we'd just rely on the hardware to elide the now unnecessary fences
>> so we'd just be throwing static code size at this wacky memory model and then
>> forgetting about it.
> If you can do that, that's obviously the best approach.
>> I'm going to send out a patch set that does all the work I think is necessary
>> to avoid fixing up the various drivers, with the accounting code to avoid
>> mmiowbs all over our port.  I'm not sure I'm going to like it, but I guess we
>> can argue as to exactly how ugly it is :)
> Ok.
> Will

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