[PATCH] ubi: Fix deadlock caused by recursively holding work_sem

ZhaoLong Wang wangzhaolong1 at huawei.com
Fri Mar 3 17:41:41 PST 2023

During the processing of the bgt, if the sync_erase() return -EBUSY
or some other error code in __erase_worker(),schedule_erase() called
again lead to the down_read(ubi->work_sem) hold twice and may get
block by down_write(ubi->work_sem) in ubi_update_fastmap(),
which cause deadlock.

          ubi bgt                        other task
  down_read(&ubi->work_sem)          ubi_update_fastmap
  erase_worker                         # Blocked by down_read
   __erase_worker                      down_write(&ubi->work_sem)

Fix this by changing input parameter @nested of the schedule_erase() to
'true' to avoid recursively acquiring the down_read(&ubi->work_sem).

Also, fix the incorrect comment about @nested parameter of the
schedule_erase() because when down_write(ubi->work_sem) is held, the
@nested is also need be true.

Link: https://bugzilla.kernel.org/show_bug.cgi?id=217093
Fixes: 2e8f08deabbc ("ubi: Fix races around ubi_refill_pools()")
Signed-off-by: ZhaoLong Wang <wangzhaolong1 at huawei.com>
 drivers/mtd/ubi/wl.c | 4 ++--
 1 file changed, 2 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/mtd/ubi/wl.c b/drivers/mtd/ubi/wl.c
index 40f39e5d6dfc..26a214f016c1 100644
--- a/drivers/mtd/ubi/wl.c
+++ b/drivers/mtd/ubi/wl.c
@@ -575,7 +575,7 @@ static int erase_worker(struct ubi_device *ubi, struct ubi_work *wl_wrk,
  * @vol_id: the volume ID that last used this PEB
  * @lnum: the last used logical eraseblock number for the PEB
  * @torture: if the physical eraseblock has to be tortured
- * @nested: denotes whether the work_sem is already held in read mode
+ * @nested: denotes whether the work_sem is already held
  * This function returns zero in case of success and a %-ENOMEM in case of
  * failure.
@@ -1131,7 +1131,7 @@ static int __erase_worker(struct ubi_device *ubi, struct ubi_work *wl_wrk)
 		int err1;
 		/* Re-schedule the LEB for erasure */
-		err1 = schedule_erase(ubi, e, vol_id, lnum, 0, false);
+		err1 = schedule_erase(ubi, e, vol_id, lnum, 0, true);
 		if (err1) {
 			wl_entry_destroy(ubi, e);

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