[PATCH v2] mtd: spinand: add support for Foresee FS35ND01G-S1Y2

Miquel Raynal miquel.raynal at bootlin.com
Mon Feb 15 06:16:53 EST 2021

Hi Daniel,

Daniel Palmer <daniel at 0x0f.com> wrote on Mon, 15 Feb 2021 19:53:13

> Hi Miquel,
> On Mon, 15 Feb 2021 at 19:24, Miquel Raynal <miquel.raynal at bootlin.com> wrote:
> >
> > Can you please add a changelog here when you send a new version of a
> > patch?  
> Sorry, I was going to add a cover letter but elsewhere got told that
> one isn't needed for a single patch..

A cover letter is useful when there are many patches, or when there is
some context that is important to remember.

But a changelog should always be added when you change something
between two versions. And the changelog can be located below the three
dashes ("---") without being part of the final commit message, it does
not need to be in a separate cover letter.

> Basically I changed FS35ND01G to FS35ND01G-S1Y2 as that's the proper
> part number for the chip I have and there seem to be a few variations
> of this.
> Aside from that I fixed up the hex numbers to be uppercase and added
> the oob layout callbacks.
> > > +static int fs35nd01g_s1y2_ooblayout_free(struct mtd_info *mtd, int section,
> > > +                                 struct mtd_oob_region *region)
> > > +{
> > > +     if (section > 3)
> > > +             return -ERANGE;
> > > +
> > > +     /*
> > > +      * No ECC data is stored in the accessible OOB so the full 16 bytes
> > > +      * of each spare region is available to the user. Apparently also
> > > +      * covered by the internal ECC.  
> >
> > How is this even possible? ECC must be stored somewhere, maybe it is
> > not possible to retrieve it but I guess you cannot use the 32 bytes of
> > OOB for user data. Can you please verify that?  
> This worried me too as I could not find the OOB layout anywhere.
> They simply list there being 4 512 byte main areas and then 4 16 byte
> spare areas. The only other note is that the first byte of spare0 is
> used for the bad block marker.
> I contacted Longsys but they didn't get back to me.
> So what I did here was I started googling strings within the datasheet
> to find other chips that are probably the same IP inside and I found
> the FM25G01.
> It's datasheet shares a lot of the same text and the flash layout
> diagrams etc are the same.
> It has the same table for the flash layout. 4 512 byte areas and 4 16
> byte spare areas. It has the same note for the bad block marker and
> then one additional note:
> "2. Spare area 800H to 83FH is all available for user.
>  ECC parity codes are programmed in
> additional space and not user accessible."
> It would seem that the pages are actually bigger than 2K + 64 or there
> is some other place they keep the ECC.
> Or both datasheets are lying. Somewhere else in the datasheets it says
> that writes to the ECC area will be ignored but that doesn't make a
> lot of sense if the ECC area isn't user accessible in the first place.
> I didn't think about it at the time but I can take a dump of the OOB
> area of my FS35ND01G-S1Y2 to confirm it's all 0xff except for any
> factory marked bad blocks.

I see. Can you please try the following:

nandwrite -o /dev/mtdx /dev/zero
nanddump -ol1 /dev/mtdx

If the entire area is effectively free to be used, you should see 0's
everywhere. Otherwise you should have ff's somewhere.


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