[PATCH resend] mtd: maps: physmap: Add minimal Runtime PM support

Geert Uytterhoeven geert+renesas at glider.be
Wed Jan 15 05:13:23 PST 2020

Add minimal runtime PM support (enable on probe, disable on remove), to
ensure proper operation with a parent device that uses runtime PM.

This is needed on systems where the FLASH is connected to a bus
controller that is contained in a PM domain and/or has a gateable
functional clock.  In such cases, before accessing any device connected
to the external bus, the PM domain must be powered up, and/or the
functional clock must be enabled, which is typically handled through
runtime PM by the bus controller driver.

An example of this is the Renesas APE6-EVM development board, which has
an Ethernet controller and a CFI FLASH connected to the Bus State
Controller (BSC) of an R-Mobile APE6 SoC.
As long as the Ethernet driver, which had Runtime PM support since
commit 3a611e26e958b037 ("net/smsc911x: Add minimal runtime PM
support"), keeps the BSC powered, accessing the FLASH works.
When the ethernet node in r8a73a4-ape6evm.dts is disabled, the BSC is
never powered up, and the kernel crashes when trying to access the

    Unhandled fault: imprecise external abort (0x1406) at 0x00000000
    pgd = (ptrval)
    [00000000] *pgd=7fef2835
    Internal error: : 1406 [#1] SMP ARM
    CPU: 0 PID: 122 Comm: hd Tainted: G        W         5.5.0-rc1-ape6evm-00814-g38ca966db25b9dbd-dirty #136
    Hardware name: Generic R8A73A4 (Flattened Device Tree)
    PC is at chip_ready+0x12c/0x380
    LR is at chip_ready+0x10c/0x380

Signed-off-by: Geert Uytterhoeven <geert+renesas at glider.be>
Probably the device should be powered down after probing, and powered
up/down on-demand in the various {get,put}_chip() functions.  However,
that is an optimization which touches more intimidate details of the
internal MTD API, and can be done later.
 drivers/mtd/maps/physmap-core.c | 20 +++++++++++++++-----
 1 file changed, 15 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/mtd/maps/physmap-core.c b/drivers/mtd/maps/physmap-core.c
index a9f7964e2edb6668..8f7f966fa9a7ee8a 100644
--- a/drivers/mtd/maps/physmap-core.c
+++ b/drivers/mtd/maps/physmap-core.c
@@ -38,6 +38,7 @@
 #include <linux/mtd/cfi_endian.h>
 #include <linux/io.h>
 #include <linux/of_device.h>
+#include <linux/pm_runtime.h>
 #include <linux/gpio/consumer.h>
 #include "physmap-gemini.h"
@@ -64,16 +65,16 @@ static int physmap_flash_remove(struct platform_device *dev)
 	struct physmap_flash_info *info;
 	struct physmap_flash_data *physmap_data;
-	int i, err;
+	int i, err = 0;
 	info = platform_get_drvdata(dev);
 	if (!info)
-		return 0;
+		goto out;
 	if (info->cmtd) {
 		err = mtd_device_unregister(info->cmtd);
 		if (err)
-			return err;
+			goto out;
 		if (info->cmtd != info->mtds[0])
@@ -88,7 +89,10 @@ static int physmap_flash_remove(struct platform_device *dev)
 	if (physmap_data && physmap_data->exit)
-	return 0;
+	pm_runtime_put(&dev->dev);
+	pm_runtime_disable(&dev->dev);
+	return err;
 static void physmap_set_vpp(struct map_info *map, int state)
@@ -484,13 +488,19 @@ static int physmap_flash_probe(struct platform_device *dev)
 		return -EINVAL;
+	pm_runtime_enable(&dev->dev);
+	pm_runtime_get_sync(&dev->dev);
 	if (dev->dev.of_node)
 		err = physmap_flash_of_init(dev);
 		err = physmap_flash_pdata_init(dev);
-	if (err)
+	if (err) {
+		pm_runtime_put(&dev->dev);
+		pm_runtime_disable(&dev->dev);
 		return err;
+	}
 	for (i = 0; i < info->nmaps; i++) {
 		struct resource *res;

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