[PATCH v4 1/2] mtd: rawnand: Add support for Macronix NAND randomizer

Miquel Raynal miquel.raynal at bootlin.com
Thu Jan 9 08:28:16 PST 2020


Hi Mason,

Mason Yang <masonccyang at mxic.com.tw> wrote on Thu, 24 Oct 2019 15:40:06
+0800:

> Macronix NANDs support randomizer operation for user data scrambled,
> which can be enabled with a SET_FEATURE.
> 
> User data written to the NAND device without randomizer is still readable
> after randomizer function enabled.
> The penalty of randomizer are subpage accesses prohibited and more time
> period is needed in program operation and entering deep power-down mode.
> i.e., tPROG 300us to 340us(randomizer enabled)
> 
> For more high-reliability concern, if subpage write not available with
> hardware ECC and then to enable randomizer is recommended by default.
> Driver checks byte 167 of Vendor Blocks in ONFI parameter page table
> to see if this high-reliability function is supported. By adding a new
> specific DT property in children nodes to enable randomizer function.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Mason Yang <masonccyang at mxic.com.tw>
> ---
>  drivers/mtd/nand/raw/nand_macronix.c | 69 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>  1 file changed, 69 insertions(+)
> 
> diff --git a/drivers/mtd/nand/raw/nand_macronix.c b/drivers/mtd/nand/raw/nand_macronix.c
> index 58511ae..89101fa 100644
> --- a/drivers/mtd/nand/raw/nand_macronix.c
> +++ b/drivers/mtd/nand/raw/nand_macronix.c
> @@ -11,6 +11,14 @@
>  #define MACRONIX_READ_RETRY_BIT BIT(0)
>  #define MACRONIX_NUM_READ_RETRY_MODES 6
>  
> +#define MACRONIX_RANDOMIZER_BIT BIT(1)
> +#define ONFI_FEATURE_ADDR_MXIC_RANDOMIZER 0xB0
> +#define ENPGM BIT(0)
> +#define RANDEN BIT(1)
> +#define RANDOPT BIT(2)
> +#define MACRONIX_RANDOMIZER_MODE_ENTER (ENPGM | RANDEN | RANDOPT)
> +#define MACRONIX_RANDOMIZER_MODE_EXIT (RANDEN | RANDOPT)
> +
>  struct nand_onfi_vendor_macronix {
>  	u8 reserved;
>  	u8 reliability_func;
> @@ -29,15 +37,76 @@ static int macronix_nand_setup_read_retry(struct nand_chip *chip, int mode)
>  	return nand_set_features(chip, ONFI_FEATURE_ADDR_READ_RETRY, feature);
>  }
>  
> +static int macronix_nand_randomizer_check_enable(struct nand_chip *chip)
> +{
> +	u8 feature[ONFI_SUBFEATURE_PARAM_LEN];
> +	int ret;
> +
> +	ret = nand_get_features(chip, ONFI_FEATURE_ADDR_MXIC_RANDOMIZER,
> +				feature);
> +	if (ret < 0)
> +		return ret;
> +
> +	if (feature[0])
> +		return feature[0];
> +
> +	feature[0] = MACRONIX_RANDOMIZER_MODE_ENTER;
> +	ret = nand_set_features(chip, ONFI_FEATURE_ADDR_MXIC_RANDOMIZER,
> +				feature);
> +	if (ret < 0)
> +		return ret;
> +
> +	/* RANDEN and RANDOPT OTP bits are programmed */
> +	feature[0] = 0x0;
> +	ret = nand_prog_page_op(chip, 0, 0, feature, 1);
> +	if (ret < 0)
> +		return ret;
> +
> +	ret = nand_get_features(chip, ONFI_FEATURE_ADDR_MXIC_RANDOMIZER,
> +				feature);
> +	if (ret < 0)
> +		return ret;
> +
> +	feature[0] &= MACRONIX_RANDOMIZER_MODE_EXIT;
> +	ret = nand_set_features(chip, ONFI_FEATURE_ADDR_MXIC_RANDOMIZER,
> +				feature);
> +	if (ret < 0)
> +		return ret;
> +
> +	return feature[0];

Can feature[0] be != 0 ? I don't think so, in this case I prefer a:
return 0;

> +}
> +
>  static void macronix_nand_onfi_init(struct nand_chip *chip)
>  {
>  	struct nand_parameters *p = &chip->parameters;
>  	struct nand_onfi_vendor_macronix *mxic;
> +	struct device_node *dn = nand_get_flash_node(chip);
> +	int rand_otp = 0;
> +	int ret;
>  
>  	if (!p->onfi)
>  		return;
>  
> +	if (of_find_property(dn, "mxic,enable-randomizer-otp", NULL))
> +		rand_otp = 1;
> +
>  	mxic = (struct nand_onfi_vendor_macronix *)p->onfi->vendor;
> +	/* Subpage write is prohibited in randomizer operatoin */

                                       with          operation

> +	if (rand_otp && chip->options & NAND_NO_SUBPAGE_WRITE &&
> +	    mxic->reliability_func & MACRONIX_RANDOMIZER_BIT) {
> +		if (p->supports_set_get_features) {
> +			bitmap_set(p->set_feature_list,
> +				   ONFI_FEATURE_ADDR_MXIC_RANDOMIZER, 1);
> +			bitmap_set(p->get_feature_list,
> +				   ONFI_FEATURE_ADDR_MXIC_RANDOMIZER, 1);
> +			ret = macronix_nand_randomizer_check_enable(chip);
> +			if (ret < 0)
> +				pr_info("Macronix NAND randomizer failed\n");
> +			else
> +				pr_info("Macronix NAND randomizer enabled\n");

Maybe we should update the bitmaps only if it succeeds?

> +		}
> +	}
> +
>  	if ((mxic->reliability_func & MACRONIX_READ_RETRY_BIT) == 0)
>  		return;
>  

With the above fixed,
Reviewed-by: Miquel Raynal <miquel.raynal at bootlin.com>

Thanks,
Miquèl



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