[PATCH v4 3/4] dt-bindings: mtd: Describe mtd-concat devices

Miquel Raynal miquel.raynal at bootlin.com
Wed Nov 13 09:15:04 PST 2019


From: Bernhard Frauendienst <kernel at nospam.obeliks.de>

The main use case to concatenate MTD devices is probably SPI-NOR
flashes where the number of address bits is limited to 24, which can
access a range of 16MiB. Board manufacturers might want to double the
SPI storage size by adding a second flash asserted thanks to a second
chip selects which enhances the addressing capabilities to 25 bits,
32MiB. Having two devices for twice the size is great but without more
glue, we cannot define partition boundaries spread across the two
devices. This is the gap mtd-concat intends to address.

There are two options to describe concatenated devices:
1/ One flash chip is described in the DT with two CS;
2/ Two flash chips are described in the DT with one CS each, a virtual
device is also created to describe the concatenation.

Solution 1/ presents at least 3 issues:
* The hardware description is abused;
* The concatenation only works for SPI devices (while it could be
  helpful for any MTD);
* It would require a lot of rework in the SPI core as most of the
  logic assumes there is and there always will be only one CS per
  chip.

Solution 2/ also has caveats:
* The virtual device has no hardware reality;
* Possible optimizations at the hardware level will be hard to enable
  efficiently (ie. a common direct mapping abstracted by a SPI
  memories oriented controller).

There is no easy and perfect answer to this need but it feels more
reasonable to address the problem with solution 2, with the
information/needs we have today.

Signed-off-by: Bernhard Frauendienst <kernel at nospam.obeliks.de>
[<miquel.raynal at bootlin.com>:
Wrote a commit message explaining what mtd-concat is.
Explained the implementation details.
Switched to yaml schema.]
Signed-off-by: Miquel Raynal <miquel.raynal at bootlin.com>
---
 .../devicetree/bindings/mtd/mtd-concat.yaml   | 56 +++++++++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 56 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 Documentation/devicetree/bindings/mtd/mtd-concat.yaml

diff --git a/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/mtd/mtd-concat.yaml b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/mtd/mtd-concat.yaml
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..7341198575cf
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/mtd/mtd-concat.yaml
@@ -0,0 +1,56 @@
+# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+%YAML 1.2
+---
+$id: http://devicetree.org/schemas/mtd/mtd-concat.yaml#
+$schema: http://devicetree.org/meta-schemas/core.yaml#
+
+title: Virtual MTD concatenation device bindings
+
+maintainers:
+  - Miquel Raynal <miquel.raynal at bootlin.com>
+
+properties:
+  compatible:
+    const: "mtd-concat"
+
+  devices:
+    minItems: 2
+    description: |
+      List of phandles to MTD nodes that should be concatenated (in
+      order).
+
+required:
+  - compatible
+  - devices
+
+examples:
+  - |
+    &spi {
+            flash0: flash at 0 {
+	            reg = <0>;
+            };
+            flash1: flash at 1 {
+	            reg = <1>;
+            };
+    };
+
+    flash {
+            compatible = "mtd-concat";
+            devices = <&flash0 &flash1>;
+
+            partitions {
+                    compatible = "fixed-partitions";
+                    #address-cells = <1>;
+                    #size-cells = <1>;
+
+                    partition at 0 {
+                            label = "boot";
+                            reg = <0x0000000 0x0040000>;
+                            read-only;
+                    };
+                    partition at 40000 {
+                            label = "firmware";
+                            reg = <0x0040000 0x1fc0000>;
+                    };
+            };
+    };
-- 
2.20.1




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