[PATCH v6 3/5] mtd: Add support for HyperBus memory devices

Vignesh Raghavendra vigneshr at ti.com
Tue Jun 18 02:28:59 PDT 2019


Cypress' HyperBus is Low Signal Count, High Performance Double Data Rate
Bus interface between a host system master and one or more slave
interfaces. HyperBus is used to connect microprocessor, microcontroller,
or ASIC devices with random access NOR flash memory (called HyperFlash)
or self refresh DRAM (called HyperRAM).

Its a 8-bit data bus (DQ[7:0]) with  Read-Write Data Strobe (RWDS)
signal and either Single-ended clock(3.0V parts) or Differential clock
(1.8V parts). It uses ChipSelect lines to select b/w multiple slaves.
At bus level, it follows a separate protocol described in HyperBus
specification[1].

HyperFlash follows CFI AMD/Fujitsu Extended Command Set (0x0002) similar
to that of existing parallel NORs. Since HyperBus is x8 DDR bus,
its equivalent to x16 parallel NOR flash wrt bits per clock cycle. But
HyperBus operates at >166MHz frequencies.
HyperRAM provides direct random read/write access to flash memory
array.

But, HyperBus memory controllers seem to abstract implementation details
and expose a simple MMIO interface to access connected flash.

Add support for registering HyperFlash devices with MTD framework. MTD
maps framework along with CFI chip support framework are used to support
communicating with flash.

Framework is modelled along the lines of spi-nor framework. HyperBus
memory controller (HBMC) drivers calls hyperbus_register_device() to
register a single HyperFlash device. HyperFlash core parses MMIO access
information from DT, sets up the map_info struct, probes CFI flash and
registers it with MTD framework.

HyperRAM is not supported at the moment.

HyperBus specification can be found at[1]
HyperFlash datasheet can be found at[2]

[1] https://www.cypress.com/file/213356/download
[2] https://www.cypress.com/file/213346/download
[3] http://www.ti.com/lit/ug/spruid7b/spruid7b.pdf
    Table 12-5741. HyperFlash Access Sequence

Signed-off-by: Vignesh Raghavendra <vigneshr at ti.com>
---
v6:
Clarify read16()/write16() APIs
Move calibration code out into TI specific driver

 MAINTAINERS                          |   7 ++
 drivers/mtd/Kconfig                  |   2 +
 drivers/mtd/Makefile                 |   1 +
 drivers/mtd/hyperbus/Kconfig         |  11 ++
 drivers/mtd/hyperbus/Makefile        |   3 +
 drivers/mtd/hyperbus/hyperbus-core.c | 154 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 include/linux/mtd/hyperbus.h         |  86 +++++++++++++++
 7 files changed, 264 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 drivers/mtd/hyperbus/Kconfig
 create mode 100644 drivers/mtd/hyperbus/Makefile
 create mode 100644 drivers/mtd/hyperbus/hyperbus-core.c
 create mode 100644 include/linux/mtd/hyperbus.h

diff --git a/MAINTAINERS b/MAINTAINERS
index ff7c2b7e67b9..58c6ad3dae66 100644
--- a/MAINTAINERS
+++ b/MAINTAINERS
@@ -7353,6 +7353,13 @@ F:	include/asm-generic/mshyperv.h
 F:	tools/hv/
 F:	Documentation/ABI/stable/sysfs-bus-vmbus
 
+HYPERBUS SUPPORT
+M:	Vignesh Raghavendra <vigneshr at ti.com>
+S:	Supported
+F:	drivers/mtd/hyperbus/
+F:	include/linux/mtd/hyperbus.h
+F:	Documentation/devicetree/bindings/mtd/cypress,hyperflash.txt
+
 HYPERVISOR VIRTUAL CONSOLE DRIVER
 L:	linuxppc-dev at lists.ozlabs.org
 S:	Odd Fixes
diff --git a/drivers/mtd/Kconfig b/drivers/mtd/Kconfig
index fb31a7f649a3..80a6e2dcd085 100644
--- a/drivers/mtd/Kconfig
+++ b/drivers/mtd/Kconfig
@@ -274,4 +274,6 @@ source "drivers/mtd/spi-nor/Kconfig"
 
 source "drivers/mtd/ubi/Kconfig"
 
+source "drivers/mtd/hyperbus/Kconfig"
+
 endif # MTD
diff --git a/drivers/mtd/Makefile b/drivers/mtd/Makefile
index 806287e80e84..62d649a959e2 100644
--- a/drivers/mtd/Makefile
+++ b/drivers/mtd/Makefile
@@ -34,3 +34,4 @@ obj-y		+= chips/ lpddr/ maps/ devices/ nand/ tests/
 
 obj-$(CONFIG_MTD_SPI_NOR)	+= spi-nor/
 obj-$(CONFIG_MTD_UBI)		+= ubi/
+obj-$(CONFIG_MTD_HYPERBUS)	+= hyperbus/
diff --git a/drivers/mtd/hyperbus/Kconfig b/drivers/mtd/hyperbus/Kconfig
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..98147e28caa0
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/mtd/hyperbus/Kconfig
@@ -0,0 +1,11 @@
+menuconfig MTD_HYPERBUS
+	tristate "HyperBus support"
+	select MTD_CFI
+	select MTD_MAP_BANK_WIDTH_2
+	select MTD_CFI_AMDSTD
+	select MTD_COMPLEX_MAPPINGS
+	help
+	  This is the framework for the HyperBus which can be used by
+	  the HyperBus Controller driver to communicate with
+	  HyperFlash. See Cypress HyperBus specification for more
+	  details
diff --git a/drivers/mtd/hyperbus/Makefile b/drivers/mtd/hyperbus/Makefile
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..ca61dedd730d
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/mtd/hyperbus/Makefile
@@ -0,0 +1,3 @@
+# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+
+obj-$(CONFIG_MTD_HYPERBUS)	+= hyperbus-core.o
diff --git a/drivers/mtd/hyperbus/hyperbus-core.c b/drivers/mtd/hyperbus/hyperbus-core.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..63a9e64895bc
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/mtd/hyperbus/hyperbus-core.c
@@ -0,0 +1,154 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+//
+// Copyright (C) 2019 Texas Instruments Incorporated - http://www.ti.com/
+// Author: Vignesh Raghavendra <vigneshr at ti.com>
+
+#include <linux/err.h>
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/mtd/hyperbus.h>
+#include <linux/mtd/map.h>
+#include <linux/mtd/mtd.h>
+#include <linux/of.h>
+#include <linux/of_address.h>
+#include <linux/types.h>
+
+static struct hyperbus_device *map_to_hbdev(struct map_info *map)
+{
+	return container_of(map, struct hyperbus_device, map);
+}
+
+static map_word hyperbus_read16(struct map_info *map, unsigned long addr)
+{
+	struct hyperbus_device *hbdev = map_to_hbdev(map);
+	struct hyperbus_ctlr *ctlr = hbdev->ctlr;
+	map_word read_data;
+
+	read_data.x[0] = ctlr->ops->read16(hbdev, addr);
+
+	return read_data;
+}
+
+static void hyperbus_write16(struct map_info *map, map_word d,
+			     unsigned long addr)
+{
+	struct hyperbus_device *hbdev = map_to_hbdev(map);
+	struct hyperbus_ctlr *ctlr = hbdev->ctlr;
+
+	ctlr->ops->write16(hbdev, addr, d.x[0]);
+}
+
+static void hyperbus_copy_from(struct map_info *map, void *to,
+			       unsigned long from, ssize_t len)
+{
+	struct hyperbus_device *hbdev = map_to_hbdev(map);
+	struct hyperbus_ctlr *ctlr = hbdev->ctlr;
+
+	ctlr->ops->copy_from(hbdev, to, from, len);
+}
+
+static void hyperbus_copy_to(struct map_info *map, unsigned long to,
+			     const void *from, ssize_t len)
+{
+	struct hyperbus_device *hbdev = map_to_hbdev(map);
+	struct hyperbus_ctlr *ctlr = hbdev->ctlr;
+
+	ctlr->ops->copy_to(hbdev, to, from, len);
+}
+
+int hyperbus_register_device(struct hyperbus_device *hbdev)
+{
+	const struct hyperbus_ops *ops;
+	struct hyperbus_ctlr *ctlr;
+	struct device_node *np;
+	struct map_info *map;
+	struct resource res;
+	struct device *dev;
+	int ret;
+
+	if (!hbdev || !hbdev->np || !hbdev->ctlr || !hbdev->ctlr->dev) {
+		pr_err("hyperbus: please fill all the necessary fields!\n");
+		return -EINVAL;
+	}
+
+	np = hbdev->np;
+	ctlr = hbdev->ctlr;
+	if (!of_device_is_compatible(np, "cypress,hyperflash"))
+		return -ENODEV;
+
+	hbdev->memtype = HYPERFLASH;
+
+	ret = of_address_to_resource(np, 0, &res);
+	if (ret)
+		return ret;
+
+	dev = ctlr->dev;
+	map = &hbdev->map;
+	map->size = resource_size(&res);
+	map->virt = devm_ioremap_resource(dev, &res);
+	if (IS_ERR(map->virt))
+		return PTR_ERR(map->virt);
+
+	map->name = dev_name(dev);
+	map->bankwidth = 2;
+	map->device_node = np;
+
+	simple_map_init(map);
+	ops = ctlr->ops;
+	if (ops) {
+		if (ops->read16)
+			map->read = hyperbus_read16;
+		if (ops->write16)
+			map->write = hyperbus_write16;
+		if (ops->copy_to)
+			map->copy_to = hyperbus_copy_to;
+		if (ops->copy_from)
+			map->copy_from = hyperbus_copy_from;
+
+		if (ops->calibrate && !ctlr->calibrated) {
+			ret = ops->calibrate(hbdev);
+			if (!ret) {
+				dev_err(dev, "Calibration failed\n");
+				return -ENODEV;
+			}
+			ctlr->calibrated = true;
+		}
+	}
+
+	hbdev->mtd = do_map_probe("cfi_probe", map);
+	if (!hbdev->mtd) {
+		dev_err(dev, "probing of hyperbus device failed\n");
+		return -ENODEV;
+	}
+
+	hbdev->mtd->dev.parent = dev;
+	mtd_set_of_node(hbdev->mtd, np);
+
+	ret = mtd_device_register(hbdev->mtd, NULL, 0);
+	if (ret) {
+		dev_err(dev, "failed to register mtd device\n");
+		map_destroy(hbdev->mtd);
+		return ret;
+	}
+	hbdev->registered = true;
+
+	return 0;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(hyperbus_register_device);
+
+int hyperbus_unregister_device(struct hyperbus_device *hbdev)
+{
+	int ret = 0;
+
+	if (hbdev && hbdev->mtd && hbdev->registered) {
+		ret = mtd_device_unregister(hbdev->mtd);
+		map_destroy(hbdev->mtd);
+	}
+
+	return ret;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(hyperbus_unregister_device);
+
+MODULE_DESCRIPTION("HyperBus Framework");
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL v2");
+MODULE_AUTHOR("Vignesh Raghavendra <vigneshr at ti.com>");
diff --git a/include/linux/mtd/hyperbus.h b/include/linux/mtd/hyperbus.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..ead969aad35b
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/linux/mtd/hyperbus.h
@@ -0,0 +1,86 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2019 Texas Instruments Incorporated - http://www.ti.com/
+ */
+
+#ifndef __LINUX_MTD_HYPERBUS_H__
+#define __LINUX_MTD_HYPERBUS_H__
+
+#include <linux/mtd/map.h>
+
+enum hyperbus_memtype {
+	HYPERFLASH,
+	HYPERRAM,
+};
+
+/**
+ * struct hyperbus_device - struct representing HyperBus slave device
+ * @map: map_info struct for accessing MMIO HyperBus flash memory
+ * @np: pointer to HyperBus slave device node
+ * @mtd: pointer to MTD struct
+ * @ctlr: pointer to HyperBus controller struct
+ * @memtype: type of memory device: HyperFlash or HyperRAM
+ * @registered: flag to indicate whether device is registered with MTD core
+ */
+
+struct hyperbus_device {
+	struct map_info map;
+	struct device_node *np;
+	struct mtd_info *mtd;
+	struct hyperbus_ctlr *ctlr;
+	enum hyperbus_memtype memtype;
+	bool registered;
+};
+
+/**
+ * struct hyperbus_ops - struct representing custom HyperBus operations
+ * @read16: read 16 bit of data to flash in a single burst. Used to read
+ *          from non default address space, such as ID/CFI space
+ * @write16: write 16 bit of data to flash in a single burst. Used to
+ *           send cmd to flash or write single 16 bit word at a time
+ * @copy_from: copy data from flash memory
+ * @copy_to: copy data to flash memory
+ * @calibrate: calibrate HyperBus controller
+ */
+
+struct hyperbus_ops {
+	u16 (*read16)(struct hyperbus_device *hbdev, unsigned long addr);
+	void (*write16)(struct hyperbus_device *hbdev,
+			unsigned long addr, u16 val);
+	void (*copy_from)(struct hyperbus_device *hbdev, void *to,
+			  unsigned long from, ssize_t len);
+	void (*copy_to)(struct hyperbus_device *dev, unsigned long to,
+			const void *from, ssize_t len);
+	int (*calibrate)(struct hyperbus_device *dev);
+};
+
+/**
+ * struct hyperbus_ctlr - struct representing HyperBus controller
+ * @dev: pointer to HyperBus controller device
+ * @calibrated: flag to indicate ctlr calibration sequence is complete
+ * @ops: HyperBus controller ops
+ */
+struct hyperbus_ctlr {
+	struct device *dev;
+	bool calibrated;
+
+	const struct hyperbus_ops *ops;
+};
+
+/**
+ * hyperbus_register_device - probe and register a HyperBus slave memory device
+ * @hbdev: hyperbus_device struct with dev, np and ctlr field populated
+ *
+ * Return: 0 for success, others for failure.
+ */
+int hyperbus_register_device(struct hyperbus_device *hbdev);
+
+/**
+ * hyperbus_unregister_device - deregister HyperBus slave memory device
+ * @hbdev: hyperbus_device to be unregistered
+ *
+ * Return: 0 for success, others for failure.
+ */
+int hyperbus_unregister_device(struct hyperbus_device *hbdev);
+
+#endif /* __LINUX_MTD_HYPERBUS_H__ */
-- 
2.21.0




More information about the linux-mtd mailing list