[PATCH v5 3/5] mtd: Add support for HyperBus memory devices

Vignesh Raghavendra vigneshr at ti.com
Mon Jun 17 06:56:40 PDT 2019



On 11/06/19 5:27 PM, Vignesh Raghavendra wrote:
> 
> 
> On 10/06/19 11:27 PM, Sergei Shtylyov wrote:
>> On 06/09/2019 01:32 PM, Vignesh Raghavendra wrote:
>>
>>> Cypress' HyperBus is Low Signal Count, High Performance Double Data Rate
>>> Bus interface between a host system master and one or more slave
>>> interfaces. HyperBus is used to connect microprocessor, microcontroller,
>>> or ASIC devices with random access NOR flash memory (called HyperFlash)
>>> or self refresh DRAM (called HyperRAM).
>>>
>>> Its a 8-bit data bus (DQ[7:0]) with  Read-Write Data Strobe (RWDS)
>>> signal and either Single-ended clock(3.0V parts) or Differential clock
>>> (1.8V parts). It uses ChipSelect lines to select b/w multiple slaves.
>>> At bus level, it follows a separate protocol described in HyperBus
>>> specification[1].
>>>
>>> HyperFlash follows CFI AMD/Fujitsu Extended Command Set (0x0002) similar
>>> to that of existing parallel NORs. Since HyperBus is x8 DDR bus,
>>> its equivalent to x16 parallel NOR flash wrt bits per clock cycle. But
>>> HyperBus operates at >166MHz frequencies.
>>> HyperRAM provides direct random read/write access to flash memory
>>> array.
>>>
>>> But, HyperBus memory controllers seem to abstract implementation details
>>> and expose a simple MMIO interface to access connected flash.
>>>
>>> Add support for registering HyperFlash devices with MTD framework. MTD
>>> maps framework along with CFI chip support framework are used to support
>>> communicating with flash.
>>>
>>> Framework is modelled along the lines of spi-nor framework. HyperBus
>>> memory controller (HBMC) drivers calls hyperbus_register_device() to
>>> register a single HyperFlash device. HyperFlash core parses MMIO access
>>> information from DT, sets up the map_info struct, probes CFI flash and
>>> registers it with MTD framework.
>>>
>>> Some HBMC masters need calibration/training sequence[3] to be carried
>>> out, in order for DLL inside the controller to lock, by reading a known
>>> string/pattern. This is done by repeatedly reading CFI Query
>>> Identification String. Calibration needs to be done before trying to detect
>>> flash as part of CFI flash probe.
>>>
>>> HyperRAM is not supported at the moment.
>>>
>>> HyperBus specification can be found at[1]
>>> HyperFlash datasheet can be found at[2]
>>>
>>> [1] https://www.cypress.com/file/213356/download
>>> [2] https://www.cypress.com/file/213346/download
>>> [3] http://www.ti.com/lit/ug/spruid7b/spruid7b.pdf
>>>     Table 12-5741. HyperFlash Access Sequence
>>>
>>> Signed-off-by: Vignesh Raghavendra <vigneshr at ti.com>
>> [...]
>>> diff --git a/drivers/mtd/hyperbus/hyperbus-core.c b/drivers/mtd/hyperbus/hyperbus-core.c
>>> new file mode 100644
>>> index 000000000000..df1f75e10b1a
>>> --- /dev/null
>>> +++ b/drivers/mtd/hyperbus/hyperbus-core.c
>>> @@ -0,0 +1,191 @@
>>> +// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
>>> +//
>>> +// Copyright (C) 2019 Texas Instruments Incorporated - http://www.ti.com/
>>> +// Author: Vignesh Raghavendra <vigneshr at ti.com>
>>> +
>>> +#include <linux/err.h>
>>> +#include <linux/kernel.h>
>>> +#include <linux/module.h>
>>> +#include <linux/mtd/hyperbus.h>
>>> +#include <linux/mtd/map.h>
>>> +#include <linux/mtd/mtd.h>
>>> +#include <linux/mtd/cfi.h>
>>> +#include <linux/of.h>
>>> +#include <linux/of_address.h>
>>> +#include <linux/types.h>
>>> +
>>> +#define HYPERBUS_CALIB_COUNT 25
>>
>>    Mhm, I think I've already protested about this being #define'd here...
>>
> 
> I thought you had agreed that default optional calibration routine can
> be part of core code and thus this #define.
> 
> Anyways, what is your preference here? Drop the constant and use a local
> variable in hyperbus_calibrate()?
> Or are you suggesting to move hyperbus_calibrate() TI's specific driver?
> 
> 
>> [...]
>>> +int hyperbus_register_device(struct hyperbus_device *hbdev)
>>> +{
>>> +	const struct hyperbus_ops *ops;
>>> +	struct hyperbus_ctlr *ctlr;
>>> +	struct device_node *np;
>>> +	struct map_info *map;
>>> +	struct resource res;
>>> +	struct device *dev;
>>> +	int ret;
>>> +
>>> +	if (!hbdev || !hbdev->np || !hbdev->ctlr || !hbdev->ctlr->dev) {
>>> +		pr_err("hyperbus: please fill all the necessary fields!\n");
>>> +		return -EINVAL;
>>> +	}
>>> +
>>> +	np = hbdev->np;
>>> +	ctlr = hbdev->ctlr;
>>> +	if (!of_device_is_compatible(np, "cypress,hyperflash"))
>>> +		return -ENODEV;
>>> +
>>> +	hbdev->memtype = HYPERFLASH;
>>> +
>>> +	if (of_address_to_resource(np, 0, &res))
>>> +		return -EINVAL;
>>
>>    Why not just propagate the error upstream (yeah, I've noticed that
>> it only can be -EINVAL)?
>>
> 
> Ok.
> 
>> [...]
>>> diff --git a/include/linux/mtd/hyperbus.h b/include/linux/mtd/hyperbus.h
>>> new file mode 100644
>>> index 000000000000..ee2eefd822c9
>>> --- /dev/null
>>> +++ b/include/linux/mtd/hyperbus.h
>>> @@ -0,0 +1,91 @@
>>> +/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
>>> + *
>>> + * Copyright (C) 2019 Texas Instruments Incorporated - http://www.ti.com/
>>> + */
>>> +
>>> +#ifndef __LINUX_MTD_HYPERBUS_H__
>>> +#define __LINUX_MTD_HYPERBUS_H__
>>> +
>>> +#include <linux/mtd/map.h>
>>> +
>>> +enum hyperbus_memtype {
>>> +	HYPERFLASH,
>>> +	HYPERRAM,
>>> +};
>>> +
>>> +/**
>>> + * struct hyperbus_device - struct representing HyperBus slave device
>>> + * @map: map_info struct for accessing MMIO HyperBus flash memory
>>> + * @np:	pointer to HyperBus slave device node
>>           ^
>>    Space needed here, not tab.
>>
> 
> Ok
> 
>>> + * @mtd: pointer to MTD struct
>>> + * @ctlr: pointer to HyperBus controller struct
>>> + * @memtype: type of memory device: HyperFlash or HyperRAM
>>> + * @registered: flag to indicate whether device is registered with MTD core
>>> + */
>>> +
>>> +struct hyperbus_device {
>>> +	struct map_info map;
>>> +	struct device_node *np;
>>> +	struct mtd_info *mtd;
>>> +	struct hyperbus_ctlr *ctlr;
>>> +	enum hyperbus_memtype memtype;
>>> +	bool registered;
>>> +};
>>> +
>>> +/**
>>> + * struct hyperbus_ops - struct representing custom HyperBus operations
>>> + * @read16: read 16 bit of data, usually from register/ID-CFI space
>>> + * @write16: write 16 bit of data, usually to register/ID-CFI space
>>
>>    Usually? How to differ the register/memory transfers if both are possible?
>>
> 
> CFI + map framework does not provide a way to differentiate b/w reg
> access vs memory access. read16()/write16() is used to either access
> registers or for sending various cmds like lock/unlock etc or for
> programming a single word.
> For regular read/writes copy_from() and copy_to() are used.
> 
> Looking at HyperBus protocol, controllers would not need to
> differentiate b/w registers vs memory transfers for HyperFlash devices.
> So, I think I can drop read16/write16 and redirect these calls to
> copy_from()/copy_to()
> 

Sorry, I realized read16/write16() is required to meet 16bit burst
necessary when writing/reading from HyperFlash non data space or sending
CFI command sequences. Will update the description to reflect the same
and clarify not be confused with register space access bit in HyperBus
protocol.

Regards
Vignesh

> 
> I mainly added these functions keeping HyperRAM in mind. Idea was
> drivers would look at hyperbus_device->memtype and set to register
> access mode for HyperRAM in case of write16()/read16(). Looks like the
> interface is not intuitive enough
> So, will drop these and add it back when adding HyperRAM support.
> 
> Does that work for your HW as well?
> 
>>> + * @copy_from: copy data from flash memory
>>> + * @copy_to: copy data to flash memory
>>> + * @calibrate: calibrate HyperBus controller
>>> + */
>>> +
>>> +struct hyperbus_ops {
>>> +	u16 (*read16)(struct hyperbus_device *hbdev, unsigned long addr);
>>> +	void (*write16)(struct hyperbus_device *hbdev,
>>> +			unsigned long addr, u16 val);
>>> +	void (*copy_from)(struct hyperbus_device *hbdev, void *to,
>>> +			  unsigned long from, ssize_t len);
>>> +	void (*copy_to)(struct hyperbus_device *dev, unsigned long to,
>>> +			const void *from, ssize_t len);
>>> +	int (*calibrate)(struct hyperbus_device *dev);
>>> +};
>>> +
>>> +/**
>>> + * struct hyperbus_ctlr - struct representing HyperBus controller
>>> + * @calibrated: flag to indicate ctlr calibration sequence is complete
>>> + * @ops: HyperBus controller ops
>>
>>    What about @dev?
>>
> 
> Will add.
> 
>>> + */
>>> +struct hyperbus_ctlr {
>>> +	struct device *dev;
>>> +	bool calibrated;
>>> +
>>> +	const struct hyperbus_ops *ops;
>>> +};
>> [...]
>>
>> MBR, Sergei
>>
> 

-- 
Regards
Vignesh



More information about the linux-mtd mailing list