[LINUX PATCH v15] mtd: rawnand: pl353: Add basic driver for arm pl353 smc nand interface

Naga Sureshkumar Relli naga.sureshkumar.relli at xilinx.com
Mon Jun 17 00:50:49 PDT 2019


Add driver for arm pl353 static memory controller nand interface with
HW ECC support. This controller is used in Xilinx Zynq SoC for
interfacing the NAND flash memory.

Signed-off-by: Naga Sureshkumar Relli <naga.sureshkumar.relli at xilinx.com>
---
xilinx zynq TRM link:
https://www.xilinx.com/support/documentation/user_guides/ug585-Zynq-7000-TRM.pdf

ARM pl353 smc TRM link:
http://infocenter.arm.com/help/topic/com.arm.doc.ddi0380g/DDI0380G_smc_pl350_series_r2p1_trm.pdf

-> Tested Micron MT29F2G08ABAEAWP (On-die capable) and AMD/Spansion S34ML01G1.
-> Tested both x8 and x16 bus-widths.
-> Tested ubifs, mtd_debug tools and mtd-tests which exists in kernel as modules.

SMC memory controller driver is at drivers/memory/pl353-smc.c

Changes in v15:
  All the comments given by Helmut Grohne to v14 are addressed in this series
  as mentioned below.
 - Removed below unused macros
   PL353_NAND_CMD_PHASE, PL353_NAND_DATA_PHASE and PL353_NAND_ECC_CONFIG
 - Used cond_resched() instead of cpu_relax() to eleminate the CPU spin for
   a full second
 - changed the size of cmnds[4] to cmnds[2]
 - Removed the unused variable end_cmd in struct pl353_nfc_op
 - Added new variable u16 addrs_56, instead of u32 addr5 and u32 addr6
 - Removed the unused variable cle_ale_delay_ns in struct pl353_nfc_op
 - Completely changed the nand_offset calculation, taken new varibale
   called dataphase_addrflags and eleminated the casting with __force
   just used offset + flags
 - in pl353_ecc_ooblayout64_free(), removed checking of section with
   ecc.steps, as section is 0 here
 - simplified the pl353_wait_for_dev_ready() and pl353_wait_for_ecc_done()
 - Updated the nfc_op->addrs calculation in pl353_nfc_parse_instructions()
 - Removed cond_delay(), instead used ndelay(), as it is sufficient
 - in pl353_nand_exec_op(), instead of assigning end_cmd twice, just assign
   it once by nfc_op.cmnds[1]
 - changed if (reading) to else in pl353_nand_exec_op()
 - Removed int err variable in pl353_nand_ecc_init(), instead just used
   single variable ret
 - Changed reading clock value by name rather than index in pl353_nand_probe()
 - Instead of always calling clk_get_rate(), stored it in the probe to a
   varaible and use it later
Changes in v14:
 - Removed legacy hooks as per Miquel comments
Changes in v13:
 - Rebased the driver to mtd/next
Changes in v12:
 - Rebased the driver on top of v4.19 nand tree
 - Removed nand_scan_ident() and nand_scan_tail(), and added nand_controller_ops
   with ->attach_chip() and used nand_scan() instead.
 - Renamed pl353_nand_info structure to pl353_nand_controller
 - Renamed nand_base and nandaddr in pl353_nand_controller to 'regs' and 'buf_addr'
 - Added new API pl353_wait_for_ecc_done() to wait for ecc done and call it from
   pl353_nand_write_page_hwecc() and pl353_nand_read_page_hwecc()
 - Defined new macro for max ECC blocks
 - Added return value check for ecc.calculate()
 - Renamed pl353_nand_cmd_function() to pl353_nand_exec_op_cmd()
 - Added x16 bus-width support
 - The dependent driver pl353-smc is already reviewed and hence dropped the
   smc driver
Changes in v11:
 - Removed Documentation patch and added the required info in driver as
   per Boris comments.
 - Removed unwanted variables from pl353_nand_info as per Miquel comments
 - Removed IO_ADDR_R/W.
 - Replaced onhot() with hweight32()
 - Defined macros for static values in function pl353_nand_correct_data()
 - Removed all unnecessary delays
 - Used nand_wait_ready() where ever is required
 - Modifed the pl353_setup_data_interface() logic as per Miquel comments.
 - Taken array instead of 7 values in pl353_setup_data_interface() and pass
   it to smc driver.
 - Added check to collect the return value of mtd_device_register().
Changes in 10:
 - Typos correction like nand to NAND and soc to SOC etc..
 - Defined macros for the values in pl353_nand_calculate_hwecc()
 - Modifed ecc_status from int to char in pl353_nand_calculate_hwecc()
 - Changed the return type form int to bool to the function
   onehot()
 - Removed udelay(1000) in pl353_cmd_function, as it is not required
 - Dropped ecc->hwctl = NULL in pl353_ecc_init()
 - Added an error message in pl353_ecc_init(), when there is no matching
   oobsize
 - Changed the variable from xnand to xnfc
 - Added logic to get mtd->name from DT, if it is specified in DT
Changes in v9:
 - Addressed the below comments given by Miquel
 - instead of using pl353_nand_write32, use directly writel_relaxed
 - Fixed check patch warnings
 - Renamed write_buf/read_buf to write_data_op/read_data_op
 - use BIT macro instead of 1 << nr
 - Use NAND_ROW_ADDR_3 flag
 - Use nand_wait_ready()
 - Removed swecc functions
 - Use address cycles as per size, instead of reading it from Parameter page
 - Instead of writing too many patterns, use optional property
Changes in v8:
 - Added exec_op() implementation
 - Fixed the below v7 review comments
 - removed mtd_info from pl353_nand_info struct
 - Corrected ecc layout offsets
 - Added on-die ecc support
Changes in v7:
 - Currently not implemented the memclk rate adjustments. I will
   look into this later and once the basic driver is accepted.
 - Fixed GPL licence ident
Changes in v6:
 - Fixed the checkpatch.pl reported warnings
 - Using the address cycles information from the onfi param page
   earlier it is hardcoded to 5 in driver
Changes in v5:
 - Configure the nand timing parameters as per the onfi spec Changes in v4:
 - Updated the driver to sync with pl353_smc driver APIs
Changes in v3:
 - implemented the proper error codes
 - further breakdown this patch to multiple sets
 - added the controller and driver details to Documentation section
 - updated the licenece to GPLv2
 - reorganized the pl353_nand_ecc_init function
Changes in v2:
 - use "depends on" rather than "select" option in kconfig
 - remove unused variable parts
---
 drivers/mtd/nand/raw/pl353_nand.c | 1309 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 1309 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 drivers/mtd/nand/raw/pl353_nand.c

diff --git a/drivers/mtd/nand/raw/pl353_nand.c b/drivers/mtd/nand/raw/pl353_nand.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..2dc799865c2e
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/mtd/nand/raw/pl353_nand.c
@@ -0,0 +1,1309 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+/*
+ * ARM PL353 NAND flash controller driver
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2017 Xilinx, Inc
+ * Author: Punnaiah chowdary kalluri <punnaiah at xilinx.com>
+ * Author: Naga Sureshkumar Relli <nagasure at xilinx.com>
+ *
+ */
+
+#include <linux/err.h>
+#include <linux/delay.h>
+#include <linux/interrupt.h>
+#include <linux/io.h>
+#include <linux/ioport.h>
+#include <linux/irq.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/moduleparam.h>
+#include <linux/mtd/mtd.h>
+#include <linux/mtd/rawnand.h>
+#include <linux/mtd/nand_ecc.h>
+#include <linux/mtd/partitions.h>
+#include <linux/of_address.h>
+#include <linux/of_device.h>
+#include <linux/of_platform.h>
+#include <linux/platform_device.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <linux/pl353-smc.h>
+#include <linux/clk.h>
+
+#define PL353_NAND_DRIVER_NAME "pl353-nand"
+
+/* NAND flash driver defines */
+#define PL353_NAND_ECC_SIZE	512	/* Size of data for ECC operation */
+
+/* AXI Address definitions */
+#define START_CMD_SHIFT		3
+#define END_CMD_SHIFT		11
+#define END_CMD_VALID_SHIFT	20
+#define ADDR_CYCLES_SHIFT	21
+#define CLEAR_CS_SHIFT		21
+#define ECC_LAST_SHIFT		10
+#define COMMAND_PHASE		(0 << 19)
+#define DATA_PHASE		BIT(19)
+
+#define PL353_NAND_ECC_LAST	BIT(ECC_LAST_SHIFT)	/* Set ECC_Last */
+#define PL353_NAND_CLEAR_CS	BIT(CLEAR_CS_SHIFT)	/* Clear chip select */
+
+#define PL353_NAND_ECC_BUSY_TIMEOUT	(1 * HZ)
+#define PL353_NAND_DEV_BUSY_TIMEOUT	(1 * HZ)
+#define PL353_NAND_LAST_TRANSFER_LENGTH	4
+#define PL353_NAND_ECC_VALID_SHIFT	24
+#define PL353_NAND_ECC_VALID_MASK	0x40
+#define PL353_ECC_BITS_BYTEOFF_MASK	0x1FF
+#define PL353_ECC_BITS_BITOFF_MASK	0x7
+#define PL353_ECC_BIT_MASK		0xFFF
+#define PL353_TREA_MAX_VALUE		1
+#define PL353_MAX_ECC_CHUNKS		4
+#define PL353_MAX_ECC_BYTES		3
+
+struct pl353_nfc_op {
+	u32 cmnds[2];
+	u32 addrs;
+	u32 naddrs;
+	u16 addrs_56;	/* Address cycles 5 and 6 */
+	unsigned int data_instr_idx;
+	unsigned int rdy_timeout_ms;
+	unsigned int rdy_delay_ns;
+	const struct nand_op_instr *data_instr;
+};
+
+/**
+ * struct pl353_nand_controller - Defines the NAND flash controller driver
+ *				  instance
+ * @controller:		NAND controller structure
+ * @chip:		NAND chip information structure
+ * @dev:		Parent device (used to print error messages)
+ * @regs:		Virtual address of the NAND flash device
+ * @dataphase_addrflags:Flags required for data phase transfers
+ * @addr_cycles:	Address cycles
+ * @mclk:		Memory controller clock
+ * @mclk_rate:		Clock rate of the Memory controller
+ * @buswidth:		Bus width 8 or 16
+ */
+struct pl353_nand_controller {
+	struct nand_controller controller;
+	struct nand_chip chip;
+	struct device *dev;
+	void __iomem *regs;
+	u32 dataphase_addrflags;
+	u8 addr_cycles;
+	struct clk *mclk;
+	ulong mclk_rate;
+	u32 buswidth;
+};
+
+static inline struct pl353_nand_controller *
+			to_pl353_nand(struct nand_chip *chip)
+{
+	return container_of(chip, struct pl353_nand_controller, chip);
+}
+
+static int pl353_ecc_ooblayout16_ecc(struct mtd_info *mtd, int section,
+				     struct mtd_oob_region *oobregion)
+{
+	struct nand_chip *chip = mtd_to_nand(mtd);
+
+	if (section >= chip->ecc.steps)
+		return -ERANGE;
+
+	oobregion->offset = (section * chip->ecc.bytes);
+	oobregion->length = chip->ecc.bytes;
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int pl353_ecc_ooblayout16_free(struct mtd_info *mtd, int section,
+				      struct mtd_oob_region *oobregion)
+{
+	struct nand_chip *chip = mtd_to_nand(mtd);
+
+	if (section >= chip->ecc.steps)
+		return -ERANGE;
+
+	oobregion->offset = (section * chip->ecc.bytes) + 8;
+	oobregion->length = 8;
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static const struct mtd_ooblayout_ops pl353_ecc_ooblayout16_ops = {
+	.ecc = pl353_ecc_ooblayout16_ecc,
+	.free = pl353_ecc_ooblayout16_free,
+};
+
+static int pl353_ecc_ooblayout64_ecc(struct mtd_info *mtd, int section,
+				     struct mtd_oob_region *oobregion)
+{
+	struct nand_chip *chip = mtd_to_nand(mtd);
+
+	if (section)
+		return -ERANGE;
+
+//	if (section >= chip->ecc.steps)
+//		return -ERANGE;
+
+	oobregion->offset = (section * chip->ecc.bytes) + 52;
+	oobregion->length = chip->ecc.bytes;
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int pl353_ecc_ooblayout64_free(struct mtd_info *mtd, int section,
+				      struct mtd_oob_region *oobregion)
+{
+	struct nand_chip *chip = mtd_to_nand(mtd);
+
+	if (section)
+		return -ERANGE;
+
+	oobregion->offset = (section * chip->ecc.bytes) + 2;
+	oobregion->length = 50;
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static const struct mtd_ooblayout_ops pl353_ecc_ooblayout64_ops = {
+	.ecc = pl353_ecc_ooblayout64_ecc,
+	.free = pl353_ecc_ooblayout64_free,
+};
+
+/* Generic flash bbt decriptors */
+static u8 bbt_pattern[] = { 'B', 'b', 't', '0' };
+static u8 mirror_pattern[] = { '1', 't', 'b', 'B' };
+
+static struct nand_bbt_descr bbt_main_descr = {
+	.options = NAND_BBT_LASTBLOCK | NAND_BBT_CREATE | NAND_BBT_WRITE
+		| NAND_BBT_2BIT | NAND_BBT_VERSION | NAND_BBT_PERCHIP,
+	.offs = 4,
+	.len = 4,
+	.veroffs = 20,
+	.maxblocks = 4,
+	.pattern = bbt_pattern
+};
+
+static struct nand_bbt_descr bbt_mirror_descr = {
+	.options = NAND_BBT_LASTBLOCK | NAND_BBT_CREATE | NAND_BBT_WRITE
+		| NAND_BBT_2BIT | NAND_BBT_VERSION | NAND_BBT_PERCHIP,
+	.offs = 4,
+	.len = 4,
+	.veroffs = 20,
+	.maxblocks = 4,
+	.pattern = mirror_pattern
+};
+
+static void pl353_nfc_force_byte_access(struct nand_chip *chip,
+					bool force_8bit)
+{
+	int ret;
+	struct pl353_nand_controller *xnfc =
+		container_of(chip, struct pl353_nand_controller, chip);
+
+	if (xnfc->buswidth == 8)
+		return;
+
+	if (force_8bit)
+		ret = pl353_smc_set_buswidth(PL353_SMC_MEM_WIDTH_8);
+	else
+		ret = pl353_smc_set_buswidth(PL353_SMC_MEM_WIDTH_16);
+
+	if (ret)
+		dev_err(xnfc->dev, "Error in Buswidth\n");
+}
+
+static inline int pl353_wait_for_dev_ready(struct nand_chip *chip)
+{
+	unsigned long timeout = jiffies + PL353_NAND_DEV_BUSY_TIMEOUT;
+
+	while (!pl353_smc_get_nand_int_status_raw()) {
+		if (time_after_eq(jiffies, timeout)) {
+			pr_err("%s timed out\n", __func__);
+			return -ETIMEDOUT;
+		}
+		cond_resched();
+	}
+
+	pl353_smc_clr_nand_int();
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+/**
+ * pl353_nand_read_data_op - read chip data into buffer
+ * @chip:	Pointer to the NAND chip info structure
+ * @in:		Pointer to the buffer to store read data
+ * @len:	Number of bytes to read
+ * @force_8bit:	Force 8-bit bus access
+ * Return:	Always return zero
+ */
+static void pl353_nand_read_data_op(struct nand_chip *chip, u8 *in,
+				    unsigned int len, bool force_8bit)
+{
+	struct pl353_nand_controller *xnfc = to_pl353_nand(chip);
+	int i;
+
+	if (force_8bit)
+		pl353_nfc_force_byte_access(chip, true);
+
+	if ((IS_ALIGNED((uint32_t)in, sizeof(uint32_t)) &&
+	     IS_ALIGNED(len, sizeof(uint32_t))) || !force_8bit) {
+		u32 *ptr = (u32 *)in;
+
+		len /= 4;
+		for (i = 0; i < len; i++)
+			ptr[i] = readl(xnfc->regs + xnfc->dataphase_addrflags);
+	} else {
+		for (i = 0; i < len; i++)
+			in[i] = readb(xnfc->regs + xnfc->dataphase_addrflags);
+	}
+
+	if (force_8bit)
+		pl353_nfc_force_byte_access(chip, false);
+}
+
+/**
+ * pl353_nand_write_buf - write buffer to chip
+ * @chip:	Pointer to the nand_chip structure
+ * @buf:	Pointer to the buffer to store write data
+ * @len:	Number of bytes to write
+ * @force_8bit:	Force 8-bit bus access
+ */
+static void pl353_nand_write_data_op(struct nand_chip *chip, const u8 *buf,
+				     int len, bool force_8bit)
+{
+	struct pl353_nand_controller *xnfc = to_pl353_nand(chip);
+	int i;
+
+	if (force_8bit)
+		pl353_nfc_force_byte_access(chip, true);
+
+	if ((IS_ALIGNED((uint32_t)buf, sizeof(uint32_t)) &&
+	     IS_ALIGNED(len, sizeof(uint32_t))) || !force_8bit) {
+		u32 *ptr = (u32 *)buf;
+
+		len /= 4;
+		for (i = 0; i < len; i++)
+			writel(ptr[i], xnfc->regs + xnfc->dataphase_addrflags);
+	} else {
+		for (i = 0; i < len; i++)
+			writeb(buf[i], xnfc->regs + xnfc->dataphase_addrflags);
+	}
+
+	if (force_8bit)
+		pl353_nfc_force_byte_access(chip, false);
+}
+
+static inline int pl353_wait_for_ecc_done(void)
+{
+	unsigned long timeout = jiffies + PL353_NAND_ECC_BUSY_TIMEOUT;
+
+	while (pl353_smc_ecc_is_busy()) {
+		if (time_after_eq(jiffies, timeout)) {
+			pr_err("%s timed out\n", __func__);
+			return -ETIMEDOUT;
+		}
+		cond_resched();
+	}
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+/**
+ * pl353_nand_calculate_hwecc - Calculate Hardware ECC
+ * @chip:	Pointer to the nand_chip structure
+ * @data:	Pointer to the page data
+ * @ecc:	Pointer to the ECC buffer where ECC data needs to be stored
+ *
+ * This function retrieves the Hardware ECC data from the controller and returns
+ * ECC data back to the MTD subsystem.
+ * It operates on a number of 512 byte blocks of NAND memory and can be
+ * programmed to store the ECC codes after the data in memory. For writes,
+ * the ECC is written to the spare area of the page. For reads, the result of
+ * a block ECC check are made available to the device driver.
+ *
+ * ------------------------------------------------------------------------
+ * |               n * 512 blocks                  | extra  | ecc    |     |
+ * |                                               | block  | codes  |     |
+ * ------------------------------------------------------------------------
+ *
+ * The ECC calculation uses a simple Hamming code, using 1-bit correction 2-bit
+ * detection. It starts when a valid read or write command with a 512 byte
+ * aligned address is detected on the memory interface.
+ *
+ * Return:	0 on success or error value on failure
+ */
+static int pl353_nand_calculate_hwecc(struct nand_chip *chip,
+				      const u8 *data, u8 *ecc)
+{
+	u32 ecc_value;
+	u8 chunk, ecc_byte, ecc_status;
+
+	for (chunk = 0; chunk < PL353_MAX_ECC_CHUNKS; chunk++) {
+		/* Read ECC value for each block */
+		ecc_value = pl353_smc_get_ecc_val(chunk);
+		ecc_status = (ecc_value >> PL353_NAND_ECC_VALID_SHIFT);
+
+		/* ECC value valid */
+		if (ecc_status & PL353_NAND_ECC_VALID_MASK) {
+			for (ecc_byte = 0; ecc_byte < PL353_MAX_ECC_BYTES;
+			     ecc_byte++) {
+				/* Copy ECC bytes to MTD buffer */
+				*ecc = ~ecc_value & 0xFF;
+				ecc_value = ecc_value >> 8;
+				ecc++;
+			}
+		} else {
+			pr_warn("%s status failed\n", __func__);
+			return -1;
+		}
+	}
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+/**
+ * pl353_nand_correct_data - ECC correction function
+ * @chip:	Pointer to the nand_chip structure
+ * @buf:	Pointer to the page data
+ * @read_ecc:	Pointer to the ECC value read from spare data area
+ * @calc_ecc:	Pointer to the calculated ECC value
+ *
+ * This function corrects the ECC single bit errors & detects 2-bit errors.
+ *
+ * Return:	0 if no ECC errors found
+ *		1 if single bit error found and corrected.
+ *		-1 if multiple uncorrectable ECC errors found.
+ */
+static int pl353_nand_correct_data(struct nand_chip *chip, unsigned char *buf,
+				   unsigned char *read_ecc,
+				   unsigned char *calc_ecc)
+{
+	unsigned char bit_addr;
+	unsigned int byte_addr;
+	unsigned short ecc_odd, ecc_even, read_ecc_lower, read_ecc_upper;
+	unsigned short calc_ecc_lower, calc_ecc_upper;
+
+	read_ecc_lower = (read_ecc[0] | (read_ecc[1] << 8)) &
+			  PL353_ECC_BIT_MASK;
+	read_ecc_upper = ((read_ecc[1] >> 4) | (read_ecc[2] << 4)) &
+			  PL353_ECC_BIT_MASK;
+
+	calc_ecc_lower = (calc_ecc[0] | (calc_ecc[1] << 8)) &
+			  PL353_ECC_BIT_MASK;
+	calc_ecc_upper = ((calc_ecc[1] >> 4) | (calc_ecc[2] << 4)) &
+			  PL353_ECC_BIT_MASK;
+
+	ecc_odd = read_ecc_lower ^ calc_ecc_lower;
+	ecc_even = read_ecc_upper ^ calc_ecc_upper;
+
+	/* no error */
+	if (!ecc_odd && !ecc_even)
+		return 0;
+
+	if (ecc_odd == (~ecc_even & PL353_ECC_BIT_MASK)) {
+		/* bits [11:3] of error code is byte offset */
+		byte_addr = (ecc_odd >> 3) & PL353_ECC_BITS_BYTEOFF_MASK;
+		/* bits [2:0] of error code is bit offset */
+		bit_addr = ecc_odd & PL353_ECC_BITS_BITOFF_MASK;
+		/* Toggling error bit */
+		buf[byte_addr] ^= (BIT(bit_addr));
+		return 1;
+	}
+
+	/* one error in parity */
+	if (hweight32(ecc_odd | ecc_even) == 1)
+		return 1;
+
+	/* Uncorrectable error */
+	return -1;
+}
+
+static void pl353_prepare_cmd(struct nand_chip *chip,
+			      int page, int column, int start_cmd, int end_cmd,
+			      bool read)
+{
+	struct mtd_info *mtd = nand_to_mtd(chip);
+	struct pl353_nand_controller *xnfc = to_pl353_nand(chip);
+	unsigned long cmd_phase_data = 0;
+	u32 end_cmd_valid = 0, cmdphase_addrflags;
+
+	end_cmd_valid = read ? 1 : 0;
+	cmdphase_addrflags = ((xnfc->addr_cycles
+			      << ADDR_CYCLES_SHIFT) |
+			      (end_cmd_valid << END_CMD_VALID_SHIFT) |
+			      (COMMAND_PHASE) |
+			      (end_cmd << END_CMD_SHIFT) |
+			      (start_cmd << START_CMD_SHIFT));
+
+	/* Get the data phase address */
+	xnfc->dataphase_addrflags = ((0x0 << CLEAR_CS_SHIFT) |
+				(0 << END_CMD_VALID_SHIFT) |
+			  (DATA_PHASE) |
+			  (end_cmd << END_CMD_SHIFT) |
+			  (0x0 << ECC_LAST_SHIFT));
+
+	if (chip->options & NAND_BUSWIDTH_16)
+		column /= 2;
+
+	cmd_phase_data = column;
+	if (mtd->writesize > PL353_NAND_ECC_SIZE) {
+		cmd_phase_data |= page << 16;
+
+		/* Another address cycle for devices > 128MiB */
+		if (chip->options & NAND_ROW_ADDR_3) {
+			writel_relaxed(cmd_phase_data,
+				       xnfc->regs + cmdphase_addrflags);
+			cmd_phase_data = (page >> 16);
+		}
+	} else {
+		cmd_phase_data |= page << 8;
+	}
+
+	writel_relaxed(cmd_phase_data, xnfc->regs + cmdphase_addrflags);
+}
+
+/**
+ * pl353_nand_read_oob - [REPLACEABLE] the most common OOB data read function
+ * @chip:	Pointer to the nand_chip structure
+ * @chip:	Pointer to the nand_chip structure
+ * @page:	Page number to read
+ *
+ * Return:	Always return zero
+ */
+static int pl353_nand_read_oob(struct nand_chip *chip,
+			       int page)
+{
+	struct pl353_nand_controller *xnfc = to_pl353_nand(chip);
+	struct mtd_info *mtd = nand_to_mtd(chip);
+	u8 *p;
+
+	if (mtd->writesize < PL353_NAND_ECC_SIZE)
+		return 0;
+
+	pl353_prepare_cmd(chip, page, mtd->writesize, NAND_CMD_READ0,
+			  NAND_CMD_READSTART, 1);
+	if (pl353_wait_for_dev_ready(chip))
+		return -ETIMEDOUT;
+
+	p = chip->oob_poi;
+	pl353_nand_read_data_op(chip, p,
+				(mtd->oobsize -
+				PL353_NAND_LAST_TRANSFER_LENGTH), false);
+	p += (mtd->oobsize - PL353_NAND_LAST_TRANSFER_LENGTH);
+
+	xnfc->dataphase_addrflags |= PL353_NAND_CLEAR_CS;
+	pl353_nand_read_data_op(chip, p, PL353_NAND_LAST_TRANSFER_LENGTH,
+				false);
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+/**
+ * pl353_nand_write_oob - [REPLACEABLE] the most common OOB data write function
+ * @chip:	Pointer to the nand_chip structure
+ * @chip:	Pointer to the NAND chip info structure
+ * @page:	Page number to write
+ *
+ * Return:	Zero on success and EIO on failure
+ */
+static int pl353_nand_write_oob(struct nand_chip *chip,
+				int page)
+{
+	struct pl353_nand_controller *xnfc = to_pl353_nand(chip);
+	struct mtd_info *mtd = nand_to_mtd(chip);
+	const u8 *buf = chip->oob_poi;
+
+	pl353_prepare_cmd(chip, page, mtd->writesize, NAND_CMD_SEQIN,
+			  NAND_CMD_PAGEPROG, 0);
+
+	pl353_nand_write_data_op(chip, buf,
+				 (mtd->oobsize -
+				 PL353_NAND_LAST_TRANSFER_LENGTH), false);
+	buf += (mtd->oobsize - PL353_NAND_LAST_TRANSFER_LENGTH);
+
+	xnfc->dataphase_addrflags |= PL353_NAND_CLEAR_CS;
+	xnfc->dataphase_addrflags |= (1 << END_CMD_VALID_SHIFT);
+	pl353_nand_write_data_op(chip, buf, PL353_NAND_LAST_TRANSFER_LENGTH,
+				 false);
+	if (pl353_wait_for_dev_ready(chip))
+		return -ETIMEDOUT;
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+/**
+ * pl353_nand_read_page_raw - [Intern] read raw page data without ecc
+ * @chip:		Pointer to the nand_chip structure
+ * @buf:		Pointer to the data buffer
+ * @oob_required:	Caller requires OOB data read to chip->oob_poi
+ * @page:		Page number to read
+ *
+ * Return:	Always return zero
+ */
+static int pl353_nand_read_page_raw(struct nand_chip *chip,
+				    u8 *buf, int oob_required, int page)
+{
+	struct pl353_nand_controller *xnfc = to_pl353_nand(chip);
+	struct mtd_info *mtd = nand_to_mtd(chip);
+	u8 *p;
+
+	pl353_prepare_cmd(chip, page, 0, NAND_CMD_READ0,
+			  NAND_CMD_READSTART, 1);
+	if (pl353_wait_for_dev_ready(chip))
+		return -ETIMEDOUT;
+
+	pl353_nand_read_data_op(chip, buf, mtd->writesize, false);
+	p = chip->oob_poi;
+	pl353_nand_read_data_op(chip, p,
+				(mtd->oobsize -
+				PL353_NAND_LAST_TRANSFER_LENGTH), false);
+	p += (mtd->oobsize - PL353_NAND_LAST_TRANSFER_LENGTH);
+	xnfc->dataphase_addrflags |= PL353_NAND_CLEAR_CS;
+	pl353_nand_read_data_op(chip, p, PL353_NAND_LAST_TRANSFER_LENGTH,
+				false);
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+/**
+ * pl353_nand_write_page_raw - [Intern] raw page write function
+ * @chip:		Pointer to the nand_chip structure
+ * @buf:		Pointer to the data buffer
+ * @oob_required:	Caller requires OOB data read to chip->oob_poi
+ * @page:		Page number to write
+ *
+ * Return:	Always return zero
+ */
+static int pl353_nand_write_page_raw(struct nand_chip *chip,
+				     const u8 *buf, int oob_required,
+				     int page)
+{
+	struct pl353_nand_controller *xnfc = to_pl353_nand(chip);
+	struct mtd_info *mtd = nand_to_mtd(chip);
+	u8 *p;
+
+	pl353_prepare_cmd(chip, page, 0, NAND_CMD_SEQIN,
+			  NAND_CMD_PAGEPROG, 0);
+	pl353_nand_write_data_op(chip, buf, mtd->writesize, false);
+	p = chip->oob_poi;
+	pl353_nand_write_data_op(chip, p,
+				 (mtd->oobsize -
+				 PL353_NAND_LAST_TRANSFER_LENGTH), false);
+	p += (mtd->oobsize - PL353_NAND_LAST_TRANSFER_LENGTH);
+	xnfc->dataphase_addrflags |= PL353_NAND_CLEAR_CS;
+	xnfc->dataphase_addrflags |= (1 << END_CMD_VALID_SHIFT);
+	pl353_nand_write_data_op(chip, p, PL353_NAND_LAST_TRANSFER_LENGTH,
+				 false);
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+/**
+ * nand_write_page_hwecc - Hardware ECC based page write function
+ * @chip:		Pointer to the nand_chip structure
+ * @buf:		Pointer to the data buffer
+ * @oob_required:	Caller requires OOB data read to chip->oob_poi
+ * @page:		Page number to write
+ *
+ * This functions writes data and hardware generated ECC values in to the page.
+ *
+ * Return:	Always return zero
+ */
+static int pl353_nand_write_page_hwecc(struct nand_chip *chip,
+				       const u8 *buf, int oob_required,
+				       int page)
+{
+	int eccsize = chip->ecc.size;
+	int eccsteps = chip->ecc.steps;
+	u8 *ecc_calc = chip->ecc.calc_buf;
+	u8 *oob_ptr;
+	const u8 *p = buf;
+	u32 ret;
+	struct pl353_nand_controller *xnfc = to_pl353_nand(chip);
+	struct mtd_info *mtd = nand_to_mtd(chip);
+
+	pl353_prepare_cmd(chip, page, 0, NAND_CMD_SEQIN,
+			  NAND_CMD_PAGEPROG, 0);
+
+	for ( ; (eccsteps - 1); eccsteps--) {
+		pl353_nand_write_data_op(chip, p, eccsize, false);
+		p += eccsize;
+	}
+
+	pl353_nand_write_data_op(chip, p,
+				 (eccsize - PL353_NAND_LAST_TRANSFER_LENGTH),
+				 false);
+	p += (eccsize - PL353_NAND_LAST_TRANSFER_LENGTH);
+
+	/* Set ECC Last bit to 1 */
+	xnfc->dataphase_addrflags |= PL353_NAND_ECC_LAST;
+	pl353_nand_write_data_op(chip, p, PL353_NAND_LAST_TRANSFER_LENGTH,
+				 false);
+
+	/* Wait till the ECC operation is complete or timeout */
+	ret = pl353_wait_for_ecc_done();
+	if (ret)
+		dev_err(xnfc->dev, "ECC Timeout\n");
+
+	p = buf;
+	ret = chip->ecc.calculate(chip, p, &ecc_calc[0]);
+	if (ret)
+		return ret;
+
+	/* Wait for ECC to be calculated and read the error values */
+	ret = mtd_ooblayout_set_eccbytes(mtd, ecc_calc, chip->oob_poi,
+					 0, chip->ecc.total);
+	if (ret)
+		return ret;
+
+	/* Clear ECC last bit */
+	xnfc->dataphase_addrflags &= ~PL353_NAND_ECC_LAST;
+
+	/* Write the spare area with ECC bytes */
+	oob_ptr = chip->oob_poi;
+	pl353_nand_write_data_op(chip, oob_ptr,
+				 (mtd->oobsize -
+				 PL353_NAND_LAST_TRANSFER_LENGTH), false);
+
+	xnfc->dataphase_addrflags |= PL353_NAND_CLEAR_CS;
+	xnfc->dataphase_addrflags |= (1 << END_CMD_VALID_SHIFT);
+	oob_ptr += (mtd->oobsize - PL353_NAND_LAST_TRANSFER_LENGTH);
+	pl353_nand_write_data_op(chip, oob_ptr, PL353_NAND_LAST_TRANSFER_LENGTH,
+				 false);
+	if (pl353_wait_for_dev_ready(chip))
+		return -ETIMEDOUT;
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+/**
+ * pl353_nand_read_page_hwecc - Hardware ECC based page read function
+ * @chip:		Pointer to the nand_chip structure
+ * @buf:		Pointer to the buffer to store read data
+ * @oob_required:	Caller requires OOB data read to chip->oob_poi
+ * @page:		Page number to read
+ *
+ * This functions reads data and checks the data integrity by comparing
+ * hardware generated ECC values and read ECC values from spare area.
+ * There is a limitation in SMC controller, that we must set ECC LAST on
+ * last data phase access, to tell ECC block not to expect any data further.
+ * Ex:  When number of ECC STEPS are 4, then till 3 we will write to flash
+ * using SMC with HW ECC enabled. And for the last ECC STEP, we will subtract
+ * 4bytes from page size, and will initiate a transfer. And the remaining 4 as
+ * one more transfer with ECC_LAST bit set in NAND data phase register to
+ * notify ECC block not to expect any more data. The last block should be align
+ * with end of 512 byte block. Because of this limitation, we are not using
+ * core routines.
+ *
+ * Return:	0 always and updates ECC operation status in to MTD structure
+ */
+static int pl353_nand_read_page_hwecc(struct nand_chip *chip,
+				      u8 *buf, int oob_required, int page)
+{
+	struct pl353_nand_controller *xnfc = to_pl353_nand(chip);
+	struct mtd_info *mtd = nand_to_mtd(chip);
+	int i, stat, eccsize = chip->ecc.size;
+	int eccbytes = chip->ecc.bytes;
+	int eccsteps = chip->ecc.steps;
+	unsigned int max_bitflips = 0;
+	u8 *p = buf;
+	u8 *ecc_calc = chip->ecc.calc_buf;
+	u8 *ecc = chip->ecc.code_buf;
+	u8 *oob_ptr;
+	u32 ret;
+
+	pl353_prepare_cmd(chip, page, 0, NAND_CMD_READ0,
+			  NAND_CMD_READSTART, 1);
+	if (pl353_wait_for_dev_ready(chip))
+		return -ETIMEDOUT;
+
+	for ( ; (eccsteps - 1); eccsteps--) {
+		pl353_nand_read_data_op(chip, p, eccsize, false);
+		p += eccsize;
+	}
+
+	pl353_nand_read_data_op(chip, p,
+				(eccsize - PL353_NAND_LAST_TRANSFER_LENGTH),
+				false);
+	p += (eccsize - PL353_NAND_LAST_TRANSFER_LENGTH);
+
+	/* Set ECC Last bit to 1 */
+	xnfc->dataphase_addrflags |= PL353_NAND_ECC_LAST;
+	pl353_nand_read_data_op(chip, p, PL353_NAND_LAST_TRANSFER_LENGTH,
+				false);
+
+	/* Wait till the ECC operation is complete or timeout */
+	ret = pl353_wait_for_ecc_done();
+	if (ret)
+		dev_err(xnfc->dev, "ECC Timeout\n");
+
+	/* Read the calculated ECC value */
+	p = buf;
+	ret = chip->ecc.calculate(chip, p, &ecc_calc[0]);
+	if (ret)
+		return ret;
+
+	/* Clear ECC last bit */
+	xnfc->dataphase_addrflags &= ~PL353_NAND_ECC_LAST;
+
+	/* Read the stored ECC value */
+	oob_ptr = chip->oob_poi;
+	pl353_nand_read_data_op(chip, oob_ptr,
+				(mtd->oobsize -
+				PL353_NAND_LAST_TRANSFER_LENGTH), false);
+
+	/* de-assert chip select */
+	xnfc->dataphase_addrflags |= PL353_NAND_CLEAR_CS;
+	oob_ptr += (mtd->oobsize - PL353_NAND_LAST_TRANSFER_LENGTH);
+	pl353_nand_read_data_op(chip, oob_ptr, PL353_NAND_LAST_TRANSFER_LENGTH,
+				false);
+
+	ret = mtd_ooblayout_get_eccbytes(mtd, ecc, chip->oob_poi, 0,
+					 chip->ecc.total);
+	if (ret)
+		return ret;
+
+	eccsteps = chip->ecc.steps;
+	p = buf;
+
+	/* Check ECC error for all blocks and correct if it is correctable */
+	for (i = 0 ; eccsteps; eccsteps--, i += eccbytes, p += eccsize) {
+		stat = chip->ecc.correct(chip, p, &ecc[i], &ecc_calc[i]);
+		if (stat < 0) {
+			mtd->ecc_stats.failed++;
+		} else {
+			mtd->ecc_stats.corrected += stat;
+			max_bitflips = max_t(unsigned int, max_bitflips, stat);
+		}
+	}
+
+	return max_bitflips;
+}
+
+/* NAND framework ->exec_op() hooks and related helpers */
+static void pl353_nfc_parse_instructions(struct nand_chip *chip,
+					 const struct nand_subop *subop,
+					 struct pl353_nfc_op *nfc_op)
+{
+	const struct nand_op_instr *instr = NULL;
+	unsigned int op_id, offset;
+	int i;
+	const u8 *addrs;
+
+	memset(nfc_op, 0, sizeof(struct pl353_nfc_op));
+	for (op_id = 0; op_id < subop->ninstrs; op_id++) {
+		instr = &subop->instrs[op_id];
+
+		switch (instr->type) {
+		case NAND_OP_CMD_INSTR:
+			if (op_id)
+				nfc_op->cmnds[1] = instr->ctx.cmd.opcode;
+			else
+				nfc_op->cmnds[0] = instr->ctx.cmd.opcode;
+			break;
+
+		case NAND_OP_ADDR_INSTR:
+			offset = nand_subop_get_addr_start_off(subop, op_id);
+			nfc_op->naddrs = nand_subop_get_num_addr_cyc(subop,
+								     op_id);
+			addrs = &instr->ctx.addr.addrs[offset];
+			for (i = 0; i < min_t(unsigned int, 4, nfc_op->naddrs);
+			     i++)
+				nfc_op->addrs |= instr->ctx.addr.addrs[i] <<
+						 (8 * i);
+
+			if (nfc_op->naddrs >= 5)
+				nfc_op->addrs_56 = addrs[4];
+
+			if (nfc_op->naddrs >= 6)
+				nfc_op->addrs_56 |= (addrs[5] << 8);
+
+			break;
+
+		case NAND_OP_DATA_IN_INSTR:
+			nfc_op->data_instr = instr;
+			nfc_op->data_instr_idx = op_id;
+			break;
+
+		case NAND_OP_DATA_OUT_INSTR:
+			nfc_op->data_instr = instr;
+			nfc_op->data_instr_idx = op_id;
+			break;
+
+		case NAND_OP_WAITRDY_INSTR:
+			nfc_op->rdy_timeout_ms = instr->ctx.waitrdy.timeout_ms;
+			nfc_op->rdy_delay_ns = instr->delay_ns;
+			break;
+		}
+	}
+}
+
+/**
+ * pl353_nand_exec_op_cmd - Send command to NAND device
+ * @chip:	Pointer to the NAND chip info structure
+ * @subop:	Pointer to array of instructions
+ * Return:	Always return zero
+ */
+static int pl353_nand_exec_op_cmd(struct nand_chip *chip,
+				  const struct nand_subop *subop)
+{
+	struct mtd_info *mtd = nand_to_mtd(chip);
+	const struct nand_op_instr *instr;
+	struct pl353_nfc_op nfc_op = {};
+	struct pl353_nand_controller *xnfc = to_pl353_nand(chip);
+	unsigned long cmd_phase_data = 0, end_cmd_valid = 0;
+	unsigned long end_cmd;
+	unsigned int op_id, len;
+	bool reading;
+	u32 cmdphase_addrflags;
+
+	pl353_nfc_parse_instructions(chip, subop, &nfc_op);
+	instr = nfc_op.data_instr;
+	op_id = nfc_op.data_instr_idx;
+	pl353_smc_clr_nand_int();
+
+	/* Get the command phase address */
+	if (nfc_op.cmnds[1] != 0) {
+		if (nfc_op.cmnds[0] == NAND_CMD_SEQIN)
+			end_cmd_valid = 0;
+		else
+			end_cmd_valid = 1;
+	}
+
+	end_cmd = nfc_op.cmnds[1];
+
+	/*
+	 * The SMC defines two phases of commands when transferring data to or
+	 * from NAND flash.
+	 * Command phase: Commands and optional address information are written
+	 * to the NAND flash.The command and address can be associated with
+	 * either a data phase operation to write to or read from the array,
+	 * or a status/ID register transfer.
+	 * Data phase: Data is either written to or read from the NAND flash.
+	 * This data can be either data transferred to or from the array,
+	 * or status/ID register information.
+	 */
+	cmdphase_addrflags = ((nfc_op.naddrs << ADDR_CYCLES_SHIFT) |
+			 (end_cmd_valid << END_CMD_VALID_SHIFT) |
+			 (COMMAND_PHASE) |
+			 (end_cmd << END_CMD_SHIFT) |
+			 (nfc_op.cmnds[0] << START_CMD_SHIFT));
+
+	/* Get the data phase address */
+	end_cmd_valid = 0;
+
+	xnfc->dataphase_addrflags = ((0x0 << CLEAR_CS_SHIFT) |
+			  (end_cmd_valid << END_CMD_VALID_SHIFT) |
+			  (DATA_PHASE) |
+			  (end_cmd << END_CMD_SHIFT) |
+			  (0x0 << ECC_LAST_SHIFT));
+
+	/* Command phase AXI Read & Write */
+	if (nfc_op.naddrs >= 5) {
+		if (mtd->writesize > PL353_NAND_ECC_SIZE) {
+			cmd_phase_data = nfc_op.addrs;
+
+			/* Another address cycle for devices > 128MiB */
+			if (chip->options & NAND_ROW_ADDR_3) {
+				writel_relaxed(cmd_phase_data,
+					       xnfc->regs + cmdphase_addrflags);
+				cmd_phase_data = nfc_op.addrs_56;
+			}
+		}
+	}  else {
+		if (nfc_op.addrs != -1) {
+			int column = nfc_op.addrs;
+
+			/*
+			 * Change read/write column, read id etc
+			 * Adjust columns for 16 bit bus width
+			 */
+			if ((chip->options & NAND_BUSWIDTH_16) &&
+			    (nfc_op.cmnds[0] == NAND_CMD_READ0 ||
+				nfc_op.cmnds[0] == NAND_CMD_SEQIN ||
+				nfc_op.cmnds[0] == NAND_CMD_RNDOUT ||
+				nfc_op.cmnds[0] == NAND_CMD_RNDIN)) {
+				column >>= 1;
+			}
+			cmd_phase_data = column;
+		}
+	}
+
+	writel_relaxed(cmd_phase_data, xnfc->regs + cmdphase_addrflags);
+	if (!nfc_op.data_instr) {
+		if (nfc_op.rdy_timeout_ms) {
+			if (pl353_wait_for_dev_ready(chip))
+				return -ETIMEDOUT;
+		}
+
+		return 0;
+	}
+
+	reading = (nfc_op.data_instr->type == NAND_OP_DATA_IN_INSTR);
+	if (!reading) {
+		len = nand_subop_get_data_len(subop, op_id);
+		pl353_nand_write_data_op(chip, instr->ctx.data.buf.out,
+					 len, instr->ctx.data.force_8bit);
+		if (nfc_op.rdy_timeout_ms) {
+			if (pl353_wait_for_dev_ready(chip))
+				return -ETIMEDOUT;
+		}
+
+		ndelay(nfc_op.rdy_delay_ns);
+	} else {
+		len = nand_subop_get_data_len(subop, op_id);
+		ndelay(nfc_op.rdy_delay_ns);
+		if (nfc_op.rdy_timeout_ms) {
+			if (pl353_wait_for_dev_ready(chip))
+				return -ETIMEDOUT;
+		}
+
+		pl353_nand_read_data_op(chip, instr->ctx.data.buf.in, len,
+					instr->ctx.data.force_8bit);
+	}
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static const struct nand_op_parser pl353_nfc_op_parser = NAND_OP_PARSER
+	(NAND_OP_PARSER_PATTERN
+		(pl353_nand_exec_op_cmd,
+		NAND_OP_PARSER_PAT_CMD_ELEM(true),
+		NAND_OP_PARSER_PAT_ADDR_ELEM(true, 7),
+		NAND_OP_PARSER_PAT_WAITRDY_ELEM(true),
+		NAND_OP_PARSER_PAT_DATA_IN_ELEM(false, 2048)),
+	NAND_OP_PARSER_PATTERN
+		(pl353_nand_exec_op_cmd,
+		NAND_OP_PARSER_PAT_CMD_ELEM(false),
+		NAND_OP_PARSER_PAT_ADDR_ELEM(false, 7),
+		NAND_OP_PARSER_PAT_CMD_ELEM(false),
+		NAND_OP_PARSER_PAT_WAITRDY_ELEM(false),
+		NAND_OP_PARSER_PAT_DATA_IN_ELEM(false, 2048)),
+	NAND_OP_PARSER_PATTERN
+		(pl353_nand_exec_op_cmd,
+		NAND_OP_PARSER_PAT_CMD_ELEM(false),
+		NAND_OP_PARSER_PAT_ADDR_ELEM(true, 7),
+		NAND_OP_PARSER_PAT_CMD_ELEM(true),
+		NAND_OP_PARSER_PAT_WAITRDY_ELEM(false)),
+	NAND_OP_PARSER_PATTERN
+		(pl353_nand_exec_op_cmd,
+		NAND_OP_PARSER_PAT_CMD_ELEM(false),
+		NAND_OP_PARSER_PAT_ADDR_ELEM(false, 8),
+		NAND_OP_PARSER_PAT_DATA_OUT_ELEM(false, 2048),
+		NAND_OP_PARSER_PAT_CMD_ELEM(true),
+		NAND_OP_PARSER_PAT_WAITRDY_ELEM(true)),
+	NAND_OP_PARSER_PATTERN
+		(pl353_nand_exec_op_cmd,
+		NAND_OP_PARSER_PAT_CMD_ELEM(false)),
+	);
+
+static int pl353_nfc_exec_op(struct nand_chip *chip,
+			     const struct nand_operation *op,
+			     bool check_only)
+{
+	return nand_op_parser_exec_op(chip, &pl353_nfc_op_parser,
+					      op, check_only);
+}
+
+/**
+ * pl353_nand_ecc_init - Initialize the ecc information as per the ecc mode
+ * @mtd:	Pointer to the mtd_info structure
+ * @ecc:	Pointer to ECC control structure
+ * @ecc_mode:	ondie ecc status
+ *
+ * This function initializes the ecc block and functional pointers as per the
+ * ecc mode
+ *
+ * Return:	0 on success or negative errno.
+ */
+static int pl353_nand_ecc_init(struct mtd_info *mtd, struct nand_ecc_ctrl *ecc,
+			       int ecc_mode)
+{
+	struct nand_chip *chip = mtd_to_nand(mtd);
+	struct pl353_nand_controller *xnfc = to_pl353_nand(chip);
+	int ret = 0;
+
+	ecc->read_oob = pl353_nand_read_oob;
+	ecc->write_oob = pl353_nand_write_oob;
+	if (ecc_mode == NAND_ECC_ON_DIE) {
+		ecc->write_page_raw = pl353_nand_write_page_raw;
+		ecc->read_page_raw = pl353_nand_read_page_raw;
+
+		/*
+		 * On-Die ECC spare bytes offset 8 is used for ECC codes
+		 * Use the BBT pattern descriptors
+		 */
+		chip->bbt_td = &bbt_main_descr;
+		chip->bbt_md = &bbt_mirror_descr;
+		ret = pl353_smc_set_ecc_mode(PL353_SMC_ECCMODE_BYPASS);
+		if (ret)
+			return ret;
+
+	} else {
+		ecc->mode = NAND_ECC_HW;
+
+		/* Hardware ECC generates 3 bytes ECC code for each 512 bytes */
+		ecc->bytes = 3;
+		ecc->strength = 1;
+		ecc->calculate = pl353_nand_calculate_hwecc;
+		ecc->correct = pl353_nand_correct_data;
+		ecc->read_page = pl353_nand_read_page_hwecc;
+		ecc->size = PL353_NAND_ECC_SIZE;
+		ecc->read_page = pl353_nand_read_page_hwecc;
+		ecc->write_page = pl353_nand_write_page_hwecc;
+		pl353_smc_set_ecc_pg_size(mtd->writesize);
+		switch (mtd->writesize) {
+		case SZ_512:
+		case SZ_1K:
+		case SZ_2K:
+			pl353_smc_set_ecc_mode(PL353_SMC_ECCMODE_APB);
+			break;
+		default:
+			ecc->calculate = nand_calculate_ecc;
+			ecc->correct = nand_correct_data;
+			ecc->size = 256;
+			break;
+		}
+
+		if (mtd->oobsize == 16) {
+			mtd_set_ooblayout(mtd, &pl353_ecc_ooblayout16_ops);
+		} else if (mtd->oobsize == 64) {
+			mtd_set_ooblayout(mtd, &pl353_ecc_ooblayout64_ops);
+		} else {
+			ret = -ENXIO;
+			dev_err(xnfc->dev, "Unsupported oob Layout\n");
+		}
+	}
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static int pl353_nfc_setup_data_interface(struct nand_chip *chip, int csline,
+					  const struct nand_data_interface
+					  *conf)
+{
+	struct pl353_nand_controller *xnfc = to_pl353_nand(chip);
+	const struct nand_sdr_timings *sdr;
+	u32 timings[7], mckperiodps;
+
+	if (csline == NAND_DATA_IFACE_CHECK_ONLY)
+		return 0;
+
+	sdr = nand_get_sdr_timings(conf);
+	if (IS_ERR(sdr))
+		return PTR_ERR(sdr);
+
+	/*
+	 * SDR timings are given in pico-seconds while NFC timings must be
+	 * expressed in NAND controller clock cycles.
+	 */
+	mckperiodps = NSEC_PER_SEC / xnfc->mclk_rate;
+	mckperiodps *= 1000;
+	if (sdr->tRC_min <= 20000)
+		/*
+		 * PL353 SMC needs one extra read cycle in SDR Mode 5
+		 * This is not written anywhere in the datasheet but
+		 * the results observed during testing.
+		 */
+		timings[0] = DIV_ROUND_UP(sdr->tRC_min, mckperiodps) + 1;
+	else
+		timings[0] = DIV_ROUND_UP(sdr->tRC_min, mckperiodps);
+
+	timings[1] = DIV_ROUND_UP(sdr->tWC_min, mckperiodps);
+
+	/*
+	 * For all SDR modes, PL353 SMC needs tREA max value as 1,
+	 * Results observed during testing.
+	 */
+	timings[2] = PL353_TREA_MAX_VALUE;
+	timings[3] = DIV_ROUND_UP(sdr->tWP_min, mckperiodps);
+	timings[4] = DIV_ROUND_UP(sdr->tCLR_min, mckperiodps);
+	timings[5] = DIV_ROUND_UP(sdr->tAR_min, mckperiodps);
+	timings[6] = DIV_ROUND_UP(sdr->tRR_min, mckperiodps);
+	pl353_smc_set_cycles(timings);
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int pl353_nand_attach_chip(struct nand_chip *chip)
+{
+	struct mtd_info *mtd = nand_to_mtd(chip);
+	struct pl353_nand_controller *xnfc = to_pl353_nand(chip);
+	int ret;
+
+	if (chip->options & NAND_BUSWIDTH_16) {
+		ret = pl353_smc_set_buswidth(PL353_SMC_MEM_WIDTH_16);
+		if (ret) {
+			dev_err(xnfc->dev, "Set BusWidth failed\n");
+			return ret;
+		}
+	}
+
+	if (mtd->writesize <= SZ_512)
+		xnfc->addr_cycles = 1;
+	else
+		xnfc->addr_cycles = 2;
+
+	if (chip->options & NAND_ROW_ADDR_3)
+		xnfc->addr_cycles += 3;
+	else
+		xnfc->addr_cycles += 2;
+
+	ret = pl353_nand_ecc_init(mtd, &chip->ecc, chip->ecc.mode);
+	if (ret) {
+		dev_err(xnfc->dev, "ECC init failed\n");
+		return ret;
+	}
+
+	if (!mtd->name) {
+		/*
+		 * If the new bindings are used and the bootloader has not been
+		 * updated to pass a new mtdparts parameter on the cmdline, you
+		 * should define the following property in your NAND node, ie:
+		 *
+		 *	label = "pl353-nand";
+		 *
+		 * This way, mtd->name will be set by the core when
+		 * nand_set_flash_node() is called.
+		 */
+		mtd->name = devm_kasprintf(xnfc->dev, GFP_KERNEL,
+					   "%s", PL353_NAND_DRIVER_NAME);
+		if (!mtd->name) {
+			dev_err(xnfc->dev, "Failed to allocate mtd->name\n");
+			return -ENOMEM;
+		}
+	}
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static const struct nand_controller_ops pl353_nand_controller_ops = {
+	.attach_chip = pl353_nand_attach_chip,
+	.exec_op = pl353_nfc_exec_op,
+	.setup_data_interface = pl353_nfc_setup_data_interface,
+};
+
+/**
+ * pl353_nand_probe - Probe method for the NAND driver
+ * @pdev:	Pointer to the platform_device structure
+ *
+ * This function initializes the driver data structures and the hardware.
+ * The NAND driver has dependency with the pl353_smc memory controller
+ * driver for initializing the NAND timing parameters, bus width, ECC modes,
+ * control and status information.
+ *
+ * Return:	0 on success or error value on failure
+ */
+static int pl353_nand_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
+{
+	struct pl353_nand_controller *xnfc;
+	struct mtd_info *mtd;
+	struct nand_chip *chip;
+	struct resource *res;
+	struct device_node *np, *dn;
+	u32 ret, val;
+
+	xnfc = devm_kzalloc(&pdev->dev, sizeof(*xnfc), GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!xnfc)
+		return -ENOMEM;
+
+	xnfc->dev = &pdev->dev;
+	nand_controller_init(&xnfc->controller);
+	xnfc->controller.ops = &pl353_nand_controller_ops;
+
+	/* Map physical address of NAND flash */
+	res = platform_get_resource(pdev, IORESOURCE_MEM, 0);
+	xnfc->regs = devm_ioremap_resource(xnfc->dev, res);
+	if (IS_ERR(xnfc->regs))
+		return PTR_ERR(xnfc->regs);
+
+	chip = &xnfc->chip;
+	chip->controller = &xnfc->controller;
+	mtd = nand_to_mtd(chip);
+	nand_set_controller_data(chip, xnfc);
+	mtd->priv = chip;
+	mtd->owner = THIS_MODULE;
+	nand_set_flash_node(chip, xnfc->dev->of_node);
+
+	np = of_get_next_parent(xnfc->dev->of_node);
+	xnfc->mclk = of_clk_get_by_name(np, "memclk");
+	if (IS_ERR(xnfc->mclk)) {
+		dev_err(xnfc->dev, "Failed to retrieve MCK clk\n");
+		return PTR_ERR(xnfc->mclk);
+	}
+
+	xnfc->mclk_rate = clk_get_rate(xnfc->mclk);
+	dn = nand_get_flash_node(chip);
+	ret = of_property_read_u32(dn, "nand-bus-width", &val);
+	if (ret)
+		val = 8;
+
+	xnfc->buswidth = val;
+
+	/* Set the device option and flash width */
+	chip->options = NAND_BUSWIDTH_AUTO;
+	chip->bbt_options = NAND_BBT_USE_FLASH;
+	platform_set_drvdata(pdev, xnfc);
+	ret = nand_scan(chip, 1);
+	if (ret) {
+		dev_err(xnfc->dev, "could not scan the nand chip\n");
+		return ret;
+	}
+
+	ret = mtd_device_register(mtd, NULL, 0);
+	if (ret) {
+		dev_err(xnfc->dev, "Failed to register mtd device: %d\n", ret);
+		nand_cleanup(chip);
+		return ret;
+	}
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+/**
+ * pl353_nand_remove - Remove method for the NAND driver
+ * @pdev:	Pointer to the platform_device structure
+ *
+ * This function is called if the driver module is being unloaded. It frees all
+ * resources allocated to the device.
+ *
+ * Return:	0 on success or error value on failure
+ */
+static int pl353_nand_remove(struct platform_device *pdev)
+{
+	struct pl353_nand_controller *xnfc = platform_get_drvdata(pdev);
+	struct mtd_info *mtd = nand_to_mtd(&xnfc->chip);
+	struct nand_chip *chip = mtd_to_nand(mtd);
+
+	/* Release resources, unregister device */
+	nand_release(chip);
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+/* Match table for device tree binding */
+static const struct of_device_id pl353_nand_of_match[] = {
+	{ .compatible = "arm,pl353-nand-r2p1" },
+	{},
+};
+MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(of, pl353_nand_of_match);
+
+/*
+ * pl353_nand_driver - This structure defines the NAND subsystem platform driver
+ */
+static struct platform_driver pl353_nand_driver = {
+	.probe		= pl353_nand_probe,
+	.remove		= pl353_nand_remove,
+	.driver		= {
+		.name	= PL353_NAND_DRIVER_NAME,
+		.of_match_table = pl353_nand_of_match,
+	},
+};
+
+module_platform_driver(pl353_nand_driver);
+
+MODULE_AUTHOR("Xilinx, Inc.");
+MODULE_ALIAS("platform:" PL353_NAND_DRIVER_NAME);
+MODULE_DESCRIPTION("ARM PL353 NAND Flash Driver");
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
-- 
2.17.1




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