[PATCH] mtd: rawnand: Add Macronix NAND read retry and randomizer support

Boris Brezillon boris.brezillon at collabora.com
Tue Apr 9 00:04:27 PDT 2019


On Tue,  9 Apr 2019 11:22:52 +0800
Mason Yang <masonccyang at mxic.com.tw> wrote:

> Add a driver for Macronix NAND read retry and randomizer.

These are 2 orthogonal changes, and should thus bit split in 2 patches.

> 
> Signed-off-by: Mason Yang <masonccyang at mxic.com.tw>
> ---
>  drivers/mtd/nand/raw/nand_macronix.c | 169 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>  1 file changed, 169 insertions(+)
> 
> diff --git a/drivers/mtd/nand/raw/nand_macronix.c b/drivers/mtd/nand/raw/nand_macronix.c
> index 47d8cda..a19caa4 100644
> --- a/drivers/mtd/nand/raw/nand_macronix.c
> +++ b/drivers/mtd/nand/raw/nand_macronix.c
> @@ -17,6 +17,174 @@
>  
>  #include "internals.h"
>  
> +#define MACRONIX_READ_RETRY_BIT BIT(0)
> +#define MACRONIX_RANDOMIZER_BIT BIT(1)
> +#define MACRONIX_READ_RETRY_MODE 5
> +
> +#define ONFI_FEATURE_ADDR_MXIC_RANDOMIZER 0xB0
> +
> +struct nand_onfi_vendor_macronix {
> +	u8 reserved[1];
> +	u8 reliability_func;
> +} __packed;
> +
> +struct nand_chip *mxic_sysfs;
> +
> +static int macronix_nand_setup_read_retry(struct nand_chip *chip, int mode)
> +{
> +	u8 feature[ONFI_SUBFEATURE_PARAM_LEN] = {0};
> +	int ret;
> +
> +	if (mode > MACRONIX_READ_RETRY_MODE)
> +		mode = MACRONIX_READ_RETRY_MODE;
> +
> +	feature[0] = mode;
> +	ret =  nand_set_features(chip, ONFI_FEATURE_ADDR_READ_RETRY, feature);
> +	if (ret)
> +		pr_err("failed to enter read retry moded:%d\n", mode);
> +
> +	if (mode == 0)
> +		ret =  nand_get_features(chip, ONFI_FEATURE_ADDR_READ_RETRY,
> +					 feature);
> +		if (ret)
> +			pr_err("failed to exits read retry moded:%d\n", mode);
> +
> +	return ret;
> +}
> +
> +static ssize_t mxic_nand_rand_type_show(struct kobject *kobj,
> +					struct kobj_attribute *attr, char *buf)
> +{
> +	struct nand_chip *chip = mxic_sysfs;
> +	u8 feature[ONFI_SUBFEATURE_PARAM_LEN] = {0};
> +	int ret;
> +
> +	nand_select_target(chip, 0);
> +	ret = nand_get_features(chip, ONFI_FEATURE_ADDR_MXIC_RANDOMIZER,
> +				feature);
> +	nand_deselect_target(chip);
> +	if (ret)
> +		pr_err("failed to check mxic nand device randomizer\n");
> +
> +	return sprintf(buf, "MXIC NAND device randomizer %s(0x%x)\n",
> +		       feature[0] & MACRONIX_RANDOMIZER_BIT ?
> +		       "enable" : "disable", feature[0]);
> +}
> +
> +static ssize_t mxic_nand_rand_type_store(struct kobject *kobj,
> +					 struct kobj_attribute *attr,
> +					 const char *buf, size_t count)
> +{
> +	struct nand_chip *chip = mxic_sysfs;
> +	u8 feature[ONFI_SUBFEATURE_PARAM_LEN] = {0};
> +	unsigned int rand_layout;
> +	int ret;
> +
> +	nand_select_target(chip, 0);
> +	ret = nand_get_features(chip, ONFI_FEATURE_ADDR_MXIC_RANDOMIZER,
> +				feature);
> +	nand_deselect_target(chip);
> +
> +	if (feature[0]) {
> +		pr_err("Randomizer is enabled 0x%x\n", feature[0]);
> +		goto err_out;
> +	}
> +
> +	ret = kstrtouint(buf, 0, &rand_layout);
> +	if (ret)
> +		goto err_out;
> +
> +	if (rand_layout > 7) {
> +		pr_err("Error parameter value:0x%x\n", rand_layout);
> +		goto err_out;
> +	}
> +
> +	feature[0] = rand_layout & 0x07;
> +	nand_select_target(chip, 0);
> +	ret = nand_set_features(chip, ONFI_FEATURE_ADDR_MXIC_RANDOMIZER,
> +				feature);
> +	nand_deselect_target(chip);
> +	if (ret) {
> +		pr_err("device randomizer set feature failed\n");
> +		goto err_out;
> +	}
> +
> +	feature[0] = 0x0;
> +	nand_select_target(chip, 0);
> +	ret = nand_prog_page_op(chip, 0, 0, feature, 1);
> +	nand_deselect_target(chip);
> +	if (ret) {
> +		pr_err("Prog device randomizer failed\n");
> +		goto err_out;
> +	}
> +
> +	feature[0] = 0x0;
> +	nand_select_target(chip, 0);
> +	ret = nand_set_features(chip, ONFI_FEATURE_ADDR_MXIC_RANDOMIZER,
> +				feature);
> +	nand_deselect_target(chip);
> +	if (ret)
> +		pr_err("failed to exits prog device randomizer\n");
> +
> +err_out:
> +	return count;
> +}
> +
> +static const struct kobj_attribute sysfs_mxic_nand =
> +	__ATTR(nand_random, S_IRUGO | S_IWUSR,
> +	       mxic_nand_rand_type_show,
> +	       mxic_nand_rand_type_store);

No, we don't want to expose that through a sysfs file, especially since
changing the randomizer config means making the NAND unreadable for
those that have used it before the change.

BTW, why would we want to disable the randomizer? If it's here I guess
it's needed. The only use case I have in mind is when the controller
also has a randomizer and you want to use this one instead of the on-die
one.

> +
> +static void macronix_nand_onfi_init(struct nand_chip *chip)
> +{
> +	struct nand_parameters *p = &chip->parameters;
> +	struct kobject *kobj;
> +	int ret;
> +
> +	mxic_sysfs = chip;
> +	if (p->onfi) {
> +		struct nand_onfi_vendor_macronix *mxic =
> +				(void *)p->onfi->vendor;
> +
> +		if (mxic->reliability_func & MACRONIX_READ_RETRY_BIT) {
> +			chip->read_retries = MACRONIX_READ_RETRY_MODE + 1;
> +			chip->setup_read_retry =
> +				 macronix_nand_setup_read_retry;
> +			if (p->supports_set_get_features) {
> +				set_bit(ONFI_FEATURE_ADDR_READ_RETRY,
> +					p->set_feature_list);
> +				set_bit(ONFI_FEATURE_ADDR_READ_RETRY,
> +					p->get_feature_list);
> +			}
> +		}
> +
> +		if (mxic->reliability_func & MACRONIX_RANDOMIZER_BIT) {
> +			if (p->supports_set_get_features) {
> +				set_bit(ONFI_FEATURE_ADDR_MXIC_RANDOMIZER,
> +					p->set_feature_list);
> +				set_bit(ONFI_FEATURE_ADDR_MXIC_RANDOMIZER,
> +					p->get_feature_list);
> +				/*
> +				 * create syfs-fs for MXIC NAND device
> +				 * randomizer status check & enable
> +				 * operations.
> +				 */
> +				kobj = kobject_create_and_add("mxic_rand_nand",
> +							      NULL);
> +				if (!kobj)
> +					return;
> +
> +				ret = sysfs_create_file(kobj,
> +							&sysfs_mxic_nand.attr);
> +				if (ret) {
> +					pr_err("Err: mxic_rand_nand sysfs");
> +					kobject_put(kobj);
> +				}
> +			}
> +		}
> +	}
> +}
> +
>  /*
>   * Macronix AC series does not support using SET/GET_FEATURES to change
>   * the timings unlike what is declared in the parameter page. Unflag
> @@ -65,6 +233,7 @@ static int macronix_nand_init(struct nand_chip *chip)
>  		chip->bbt_options |= NAND_BBT_SCAN2NDPAGE;
>  
>  	macronix_nand_fix_broken_get_timings(chip);
> +	macronix_nand_onfi_init(chip);
>  
>  	return 0;
>  }




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