vmalloc with GFP_NOFS

Mikulas Patocka mpatocka at redhat.com
Tue Apr 24 09:46:55 PDT 2018

On Tue, 24 Apr 2018, Michal Hocko wrote:

> Hi,
> it seems that we still have few vmalloc users who perform GFP_NOFS
> allocation:
> drivers/mtd/ubi/io.c
> fs/ext4/xattr.c
> fs/gfs2/dir.c
> fs/gfs2/quota.c
> fs/nfs/blocklayout/extent_tree.c
> fs/ubifs/debug.c
> fs/ubifs/lprops.c
> fs/ubifs/lpt_commit.c
> fs/ubifs/orphan.c
> Unfortunatelly vmalloc doesn't suppoer GFP_NOFS semantinc properly
> because we do have hardocded GFP_KERNEL allocations deep inside the
> vmalloc layers. That means that if GFP_NOFS really protects from
> recursion into the fs deadlocks then the vmalloc call is broken.
> What to do about this? Well, there are two things. Firstly, it would be
> really great to double check whether the GFP_NOFS is really needed. I
> cannot judge that because I am not familiar with the code. It would be
> great if the respective maintainers (hopefully get_maintainer.sh pointed
> me to all relevant ones). If there is not reclaim recursion issue then
> simply use the standard vmalloc (aka GFP_KERNEL request).
> If the use is really valid then we have a way to do the vmalloc
> allocation properly. We have memalloc_nofs_{save,restore} scope api. How
> does that work? You simply call memalloc_nofs_save when the reclaim
> recursion critical section starts (e.g. when you take a lock which is
> then used in the reclaim path - e.g. shrinker) and memalloc_nofs_restore
> when the critical section ends. _All_ allocations within that scope
> will get GFP_NOFS semantic automagically. If you are not sure about the
> scope itself then the easiest workaround is to wrap the vmalloc itself
> with a big fat comment that this should be revisited.
> Does that sound like something that can be done in a reasonable time?
> I have tried to bring this up in the past but our speed is glacial and
> there are attempts to do hacks like checking for abusers inside the
> vmalloc which is just too ugly to live.
> Please do not hesitate to get back to me if something is not clear.
> Thanks!
> -- 
> Michal Hocko
> SUSE Labs

I made a patch that adds memalloc_noio/fs_save around these calls a year 
ago: http://lkml.iu.edu/hypermail/linux/kernel/1707.0/01376.html


More information about the linux-mtd mailing list