Question on fscrypt_d_revalidate() and fstest generic/429

Eric Biggers ebiggers3 at
Mon May 15 12:45:53 PDT 2017

Hi Richard,

On Mon, May 15, 2017 at 04:39:23PM +0200, Richard Weinberger wrote:
> Hi!
> on UBIFS, fstest generic/429 fails due to -ENFILE because the internal orphan
> list reaches the maximum size.
> When you unlink a file, the inode goes into the orphan list, in UBIFS' evict() function
> it is being removed later. So, only unlinked but used inodes should stay in that list.
> If a directory is encrypted, evict() is not being called although the inode has no
> users anymore.
> It turned out evict() is not being called because fscrypt's fscrypt_d_revalidate()
> function.
> When I omit fscrypt_set_d_op() in UBIFS code, the test works just fine.

Well, I assume you mean the t_encrypted_d_revalidate portion of the test.
generic/429 will still fail overall if you remove fscrypt_set_d_op() --- which
is expected, since it's testing dentry revalidation after all.

> Can it be that fscrypt_d_revalidate() misses the case of i_nlink being 0?
> It seem to treat unlinked inodes as already gone and they stay.
> The following change makes the problem go away here:
> diff --git a/fs/crypto/crypto.c b/fs/crypto/crypto.c
> index 6d6eca394d4d..d0c19838e513 100644
> --- a/fs/crypto/crypto.c
> +++ b/fs/crypto/crypto.c
> @@ -327,6 +327,7 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(fscrypt_decrypt_page);
>  static int fscrypt_d_revalidate(struct dentry *dentry, unsigned int flags)
>  {
>         struct dentry *dir;
> +       struct inode *inode = d_inode(dentry);
>         int dir_has_key, cached_with_key;
>         if (flags & LOOKUP_RCU)
> @@ -359,6 +360,10 @@ static int fscrypt_d_revalidate(struct dentry *dentry, unsigned int flags)
>                         (!cached_with_key && dir_has_key) ||
>                         (cached_with_key && !dir_has_key))
>                 return 0;
> +
> +       if (!inode || inode->i_nlink == 0)
> +               return 0;
> +
>         return 1;
>  }
> Does this change make sense? TBH, I'm not really an expert in this area and it is also
> not clear to me why you don't see these issue on ext4 or f2fs.
> Maybe UBIFS' limitations kick in much earlier. ;-)

The test is repeatedly creating and removing a directory "dir" while lookups are
being done in it.  It seems the problem is that many dentries are being created
for "dir", and they pin many different inodes, all at the same time.  This
actually happens for ext4 too; it just doesn't cause an observable error.

I doubt it's the right solution to make fscrypt_d_revalidate() look at
->i_nlink, since ->d_revalidate() is meant to validate the filename, not the
inode.  I think there is probably a VFS bug that is causing the dentries to not
be freed.


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