[PATCH]mtd: map: fixed bug in 64-bit systems

Brian Norris computersforpeace at gmail.com
Wed Aug 21 04:57:58 EDT 2013

Hi Wang,

Can you please resend this patch with a few fixups?

The description below is good, but please wrap it to ~70 characters. It
is hard to read.

Also, you need to test your patch with scripts/checkpatch.pl both before
and after you email it -- all your whitespace is mangled (i.e., you use
spaces where there should be tabs).

See the kernel documentation:


On Wed, Aug 07, 2013 at 03:34:20PM +0800, Wang Haitao wrote:
> Hardware:
>          CPU:XLP832,the 64-bit OS
>          NOR Flash:S29GL128S 128M
> Software:
>          Kernel:
>          Filesystem:JFFS2
> When writing files, errors appear:
>          Write len 182  but return retlen 180 
>          Write of 182 bytes at 0x072c815c failed. returned -5, retlen 180
>          Write len 186  but return retlen 184 
>          Write of 186 bytes at 0x072caff4 failed. returned -5, retlen 184 
> These errors exist only in 64-bit systems,not in 32-bit systems. After analysis, we found that the left shift operation is wrong in map_word_load_partial. For instance:
>          unsigned char buf[3] ={0x9e,0x3a,0xea};
>          map_bankwidth(map) is 4;
>          for (i=0; i < 3; i++) {
>                    int bitpos;
>                    bitpos = (map_bankwidth(map)-1-i)*8;
>                    orig.x[0] &= ~(0xff << bitpos);
>                    orig.x[0] |= buf[i] << bitpos;
>          }
> The value of orig.x[0] is expected to be 0x9e3aeaff, but in this situation(64-bit System) we'll get the wrong value of 0xffffffff9e3aeaff due to the 64-bit sign extension: 
> buf[i] is defined as "unsigned char" and the left-shift operation will convert it to the type of "signed int", so when left-shift buf[i] by 24 bits, the final result will get the wrong value: 0xffffffff9e3aeaff.
> If the left-shift bits are less than 24, then sign extension will not occur. Whereas the bankwidth of the nor flash we used is 4, therefore this BUG emerges.
> Signed-off-by:Pang Xunlei <pang.xunlei at zte.com.cn>
> Signed-off-by: Zhang Yi <zhang.yi20 at zte.com.cn>
> Signed-off-by:Lu Zhongjun <lu.zhongjun at zte.com.cn>
> Reviewed-by: Jiang Biao <jiang.biao2 at zte.com.cn>
> Tested-by: Ma Chenggong <ma.chenggong at zte.com.cn>



More information about the linux-mtd mailing list