sid6582 at msn.com
Fri Jul 10 14:43:05 EDT 2009
I am currently working on an embedded Linux project which has an ARM9 chip (NXP’s 180MHz LPC3131) with a NAND Flash controller which supports 5bits or 8bits HW ECC.
I have a 256MB SLC NAND and run Linux 220.127.116.11
It is important to know the way my product is used, the user will always brutally power it off. It’s not like I can nicely do this, do a sync etc etc…
I would have a few questions, hopefully you can answer them.
1) The LPC3131 supports a USB DFU mode which basically allows an end-user to upload a binary file into the chip's internal RAM and execute it.
I have coded a small USB application that I upload via DFU which allows me to completely control the NAND flash from the PC.
My goal was to create an application used in the factory that programs a blank NAND Flash.
It works :
with respect of bad blocks, I burn the LPC313x boot-block, my own small uimage bootloader, the nand-bbt located at the end of the flash, the linux uimage, and a ubi image that I generated doing
mkfs.ubifs -x none -r lolo -m 2048 -e 129024 -c 2047 -o ubifs.img
ubinize -o ubi.img -m 2048 -p 128KiB -s 512 ubinize.cfg
I am not using LZO compression because I have seen that mount time is faster without, and since my file system contents are already compressed file, this does not buy me must room.
But maybe I am missing something and LZO compression is really advised ?
2) I boot my embedded system ( I use OpenWrt )
root at OpenWrt:/# ubiattach /dev/ubi_ctrl -m 5
UBI: attaching mtd5 to ubi0
UBI: physical eraseblock size: 131072 bytes (128 KiB)
UBI: logical eraseblock size: 129024 bytes
UBI: smallest flash I/O unit: 2048
UBI: sub-page size: 512
UBI: VID header offset: 512 (aligned 512)
UBI: data offset: 2048
UBI: volume 0 ("rootfs") re-sized from 1626 to 1854 LEBs
UBI: attached mtd5 to ubi0
UBI: MTD device name: "lpc313x-rootfs"
UBI: MTD device size: 235 MiB
UBI: number of good PEBs: 1876
UBI: number of bad PEBs: 6
UBI: max. allowed volumes: 128
UBI: wear-leveling threshold: 4096
UBI: number of internal volumes: 1
UBI: number of user volumes: 1
UBI: available PEBs: 0
UBI: total number of reserved PEBs: 1876
UBI: number of PEBs reserved for bad PEB handling: 18
UBI: max/mean erase counter: 1/0
UBI: background thread "ubi_bgt0d" started, PID 2059
UBI device number 0, total 1876 LEBs (242049024 bytes, 230.8 MiB), available 0 LEBs (0 bytes), LEB size 129024 bytes (126.0 KiB)
root at OpenWrt:/# mount -t ubifs ubi0 /mnt
UBIFS: mounted UBI device 0, volume 0, name "rootfs"
UBIFS: file system size: 237791232 bytes (232218 KiB, 226 MiB, 1843 LEBs)
UBIFS: journal size: 9033728 bytes (8822 KiB, 8 MiB, 71 LEBs)
UBIFS: media format: 4 (latest is 4)
UBIFS: default compressor: no compression
UBIFS: reserved for root: 0 bytes (0 KiB)
root at OpenWrt:/# find /mnt
/mnt/music/10 F Cuitad & Y Hayat - The Force.mp3
/mnt/music/07 Sakamoto - Forbidden Colours.mp3
In /mnt/alphaflight I generate a small new.txt file with vi, which contains a few lines of characters.
After saving, I immediately power-off brutally.
I power-on again, mount, and the new.txt file is not there...
I recreate the file, I wait 20 seconds or so and power-off brutally.
I power-on again, mount and now I have:
-rw-r--r-- 1 1000 1000 397 Dec 31 2002 indexOnline.html
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 0 Jan 1 00:00 new.txt
-rw-r--r-- 1 1000 1000 104 Dec 31 2002 obfuscAFL.bat
Size 0 ... I can understand that since I did not have time to sync.
It’s funny though that the file is present in the directory but the contents are not there ?
If I do this programmatically, I presume I can force a sync after I close the file ?
Is it safe to do so ? Would you know the C API to use to do a sync programmatically ?
I generate a new2.txt wait one minute... Reboot, the file new2.txt is still 0
I generate a new3.txt wait two minutes... Reboot, now the file new3.txt has correct size !
So, I am wondering, is this background thread "ubi_bgt0d" responsible for automatically synching periodically ? Is this interval adjustable ? Do you recommend it ? Like every 10 seconds, isn’t it too much ?
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